Certificate of Disability: Documents, Steps and MORE

The Disability certificate It is a document that certifies the condition of reduced mobility that a certain person has. Therefore, this accreditation allows a citizen in Spain to request some type of social or economic assistance due to their handicap situation.

Therefore, obtaining this certificate requires the prior presentation of a diagnostic report that explains in detail the disabling condition. Subsequently, said report is submitted to the competent health authorities for evaluation.

If you are interested in this, stay with us!

Documents Needed for the Certificate of Disability

Therefore, when you go to request your Disability certificate officially to the Base Attention Center in these cases, you must consign in original and copy the following precautions:

  • Identification card of the interested party or the so-called family book.
  • Identification document of the guardian or representative of the affected person and the corresponding act of representation.
  • Opinion or resolution of disability.
  • Assessment or diagnosis report evidencing the exceptional condition. This report must have an issue date less than 180 days.

  • If, after the medical-psychological evaluation report, the patient has suffered relapses due to his disability, all the reports that support the subsequent diagnosis must be recorded.
  • If the certificate request letter is signed by another person, the original and a copy of the identification card of the guardian or representative must be consigned, together with the act of legal representation.
  • Resident card in the case of an interested party who does not have Spanish nationality.

Steps to Obtain the Certificate of Disability

On the other hand, in Spain, the government authority that issues the Disability certificate, considers as a scale that the handicap condition exceeds 33%. In this regard, if you are a person with a special situation or have a relative in that condition, ¡¡do not forget to read the procedure to obtain said accreditation!

Now, obtaining this certificate in Spain can take up to more than 6 months, since it requires an assessment process by different medical specialists and complying with some social protocols. If you do not know how this procedure is, do not stop reading this, we will point it out to you:

  • First, go to a nearby health center to have the respective medical and psychological tests done to determine your condition.
  • Expect the specialists to assess you on a physical, mental and sensory level.
  • A social worker will review the medical report, your socioeconomic situation, family and housing conditions, personal and work aspects.
  • Then, you must later look for the Diagnostic Report with the level of disability. If this scale exceeds 33%, the safest thing is that you will be awarded your certificate.
  • With the Diagnostic Report you must go to Base Center of Attention for the Disability where you reside. These dependencies are generally found in town halls, provinces or autonomous communities.
  • Formally request your Certificate of Disability with the supports listed above.

Who can request the Certificate of Disability?

In another vein, this accreditation of exceptional condition can be requested by any person who has some type of disability or limitation that in any way affects their ordinary way of life. Today in the world there are thousands of people with physical, mental, sensory and organic difficulties.

For this reason, in Spain, there are many people with special limitation conditions who may perfectly request their Disability certificate. Consequently, a citizen in Spain may require this accreditation if their condition is in the following list:

Physical limitations

In these cases, the person may present reduced functioning of his neuromusculoskeletal condition that incapacitates him for various daily tasks. Therefore, some of these disabling injuries are:

  • Muscular atrophy.
  • Trauma accident injuries.
  • Bone problems
  • Rheumatic conditions.
  • Paralysis and polio.
  • Sclerosis disorders.
  • Among other physical anomalies.

Mental problems

It refers to reduced conditions at the level of mental health, which does not allow a subject to adapt rationally on a day-to-day basis. In this regard, some disabling disorders are:

  • Chronic anxiety behavior.
  • Cases of Schizophrenia and hallucinations.
  • Epileptic pictures.
  • Severe eating problems such as Bulimia or Anorexia.
  • Bipolarity.

Sensory limitations

In these cases, there are abnormalities at the level of the human senses (sight, hearing, touch, taste and smell)

Low intellectual level

The disabling pathologies in these cases have to do with a limited development of brain functions. Some chronic conditions of these cases can be listed:

  • Down’s Syndrome.
  • Mental insanity.
  • Autism problems.
  • Severe asthenias such as Alzheimer’s.

Serious organic failures

They are pathologies of the internal organs of the body when they do not work well or that organ is totally damaged. Many of these diseases that generate a limiting condition are:

  • Chronic allergies
  • Leukemia.
  • Mellitus diabetes.
  • Malignant tumors.
  • Severe heart disease
  • Renal and respiratory insufficiencies.
  • Among other delicate diseases.

Advantages of the Certificate of Disability

This interests you: when you get your Disability certificate You can manage benefits and support programs to guarantee your insertion into society. In this way, it helps to combat anti-values ​​such as discrimination, labor exclusion, sports alienation, etc.

For this reason, at present there are various foundations and organizations, both public and private, that advocate for the protection, respect and the right to a dignified life without prejudice for these people. With this document, a person with a disability has many opportunities that we can point out to you here:

At the level of place of residence

  • Helps to make modifications to your home, in order to adapt it to the limitations of the subject.
  • Facilities to qualify for official support housing, adapted to people with exceptional conditions.

In education

  • Incorporate it into the workforce of study centers (libraries, administrative offices, promoters, among other functions).
  • Assignment of study grants.
  • University quotas.
  • Insertion in training programs according to alliances with European organizations.
  • Delivery of study books as a donation.
  • Exemptions from payment of tax rates.


  • Discounts in the payment of the passage in public transport and air tickets.

In the health

  • Access to health programs at the level of therapies, rehabilitation, psychological care, etc.
  • Discounts on medications, tests and special treatments.

Tax advantages

  • Reduced taxes (VAT).
  • Reduction of taxes in the ISLR, in companies, successions and in vehicles.


  • Help in employment agencies.
  • Facilitate job placement in work in society.
  • Guarantee the tenure of this type of personnel.
  • Enjoy temporary hiring.
  • Take advantage of teleworking schemes.

Other advantages:

  • Insertion in Support Programs in Spanish associations that work with motor and mental disabilities.
  • Facilitate the non-contributory pension (PNC) for people with disabilities, of legal age and with more than 60% physical, mental or organic limitation.
  • Incorporation in sports activities such as basketball, swimming, athletics, among others.
  • Inclusion in recreational and cultural groups.

How is Disability Proven?

When you do your physical, mental and organic assessment in order to know your degree of disability, the specialists who carry out this work follow a protocol. If you don’t know what these evaluative criteria are!do not worry! We are going to clarify them for you:

  • The assessment of the degree of disability of a person will be guided by Royal Decree 1971/1999.
  • In cases of physical limitations, it should be visualized if the patient uses a wheelchair, crutches, cane or some special orthopedic device.
  • Observe the level of control of intellectual and motor activities.
  • Examinations at the organic and cardiovascular level are analyzed.

  • See how you walk on flat ground, ups and downs.
  • To assess socioeconomic conditions, the doctor or social worker must consider the employment situation of the person with special conditions,
  • Their profession or trade, family nucleus, educational level, execution of recreational activities and performance of daily activities are also valued.

What is it?

In short, if you, a friend or a family member need a Disability certificate, then this article is for you. If you are not familiar with this accreditation and what it is for, stay with us. The Disability certificate It is an endorsement that is granted to you to indicate the level of physical, mental, intellectual or organic limitation that a citizen presents.

In Spain, to issue this document, a prior assessment is required by specialist doctors and social workers. For that, some weighting scales are considered in accordance with the law on the matter. Thus, the level of disability of a subject can be determined.

Then, with this certificate, the interested party can get a series of advantages in terms of health, education, recreation, economy, labor field, among others. Therefore, this article is interested in offering you information on the steps and precautions necessary to obtain it.

According to the above, in Spain, there is permanent insistence on supporting the insertion of people with disabilities in social life and, for that, we work in alliances with private and public institutions so that these people function normally within their limitations.

Finally, citizens in these limited conditions are always advocating for new norms to avoid acts of exclusion and discrimination in many areas of daily life. East Disability certificate represents a tool to support the claim of the rights of the excluded.

Social inclusion is justice, get your Certificate of Disability!


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