Requirements for Donating Blood: Documents, Benefits and MORE

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Do you want to donate blood? and Don’t you know what you should do to donate blood? Keep reading. In this article we offer you: requirements to donate blood, documents you need to donate, the benefits, who can donate, where the donation is made and many more.

Right now and in general every day many people need blood donations in many hospitals, clinics, and other medical facilities. All with the sole purpose of gaining lives.

It is important to know that according to a study carried out For Pronahebas in Peru, it is estimated that about six hundred thousand (600) units of blood are needed annually in this country. However, at present it is possible to collect amounts of less than two hundred thousand (200,000).

What are the requirements to donate blood?

The following are the requirements to donate blood in Peru, for all those who are interested in help save lives in this way:

  • The donor must be eighteen (18) years of age or older, in addition to being healthy.
  • If possible, have healthy lifestyle habits.
  • The donor must also have a weight equal to or greater than fifty (50) kilos.
  • Also in the last six (6) hours before donating, the donor must eat food.
  • If the donor is a woman, it must not be pregnant.
  • The donor must also respond to a questionnaire regarding their health, as well as undergo a general medical examination to validate the hemoglobin and vital signs indicators.
  • The donor must carry the DNI.

Likewise, it is important mention that ladies They can make the donation every 4 months and the gentlemen every three months.

On the other hand, if the donor had a tattoo or a piercing, you can make the donation after one year.

Documents Needed to Donate Blood

Part of requirements to donate blood in Peru, are the documents that people must bring when donating, which are mentioned below:

  • The donor must carry the DNI.
  • Health history form. The donor must respond to a questionnaire regarding their health, as well as undergo a general medical examination to validate the hemoglobin and vital signs indicators.

On the other hand, it is important to mention how much blood is drawn During the donation: It is estimated that four hundred fifty (450) cubic centimeters are extracted during the procedure.

It is also interesting to know that an average adult has approximately 5 liters of blood. Which, with plenty of fluids and enough rest, the donated blood volume can be quickly restored.

Benefits of Donating Blood

Blood is the only liquid in the world that cannot be replaced, since so far there is no evidence of any version produced in a laboratory to replace it. So it cannot be manufactured, because of this it is donated.

That is why donating blood remains the only effective and safe method to help save lives. In this sense, if there is no donation, there is no blood and the availability of this will be subject to the amount of donations received.

Consequently, the person who gives in part of your body through donated blood, for another to receive and benefit from it, is carrying out an action of voluntary solidarity.

This in order to offer great favors for the physical and emotional health of others. Likewise, this action provides other positive effects for the organism of the person who donates, which motivates whoever wants to do so.

Benefits for those who donate their blood

  • When the blood leaves the body, with it are quantities of elements that are stored in this liquid and that are associated with substances such as:
    • Cholesterol, triglycerides, as well as circulatory problems which reduces heart problems. These substances are naturally degraded by the body every 4 months through the: liver, feces and urine.
    • Donating blood reduces these substances.

  • In addition, donating blood increases the capacity of the lungs, as well as the oxygenation rates in all tissues.
  • Also donating blood can prevent circulatory damage and heart attacks.
  • Likewise, by informing the donor that more lives will be saved with this blood, an emotional motivation arises that makes the donor feel satisfied.

It is important to mention that the blood being drawn, is processed in order to perform special tests and then be transfused to another person who needs it.

Benefits for those who receive the blood

The blood receptor will have a liquid in your body very well classified that comes from healthy people, with minimal health risks and with healthy lifestyle habits. All this contributes to the solution of problems such as:

  1. Bleeding
  2. Platelet supply due to bleeding.
  3. Commonly receiving blood contributes positively to some required medical treatment.

Where can you donate blood in Peru?

Now, it is important to know or find out about the places where you can go to donate blood in Peru. That is why some of the best-known specialized centers that are in charge of this procedure are mentioned below:

  1. Instituto Nacional Materno Perinatal Jr. Miro Quesada Nro. 941, in the city of Lima, attends seven (7) days a week from 8:00 am to 6:00 pm. Contact number: 32.813.70.
  2. Mother Child San Bartolomé National Teaching Hospital, located on Avenida Alfonso Ugarte 825, in the city of Lima, they attend from Monday to Saturday, from 8:30 am to 1:30 pm and 2:30 to 5:30 pm. Contact by: 20.104.00.
  3. Dos de Mayo National Hospital Parque Historia de la Medicina Peruana, located on Avenida Grau in the city of Lima, is open from Monday to Saturday from 8:00 am to 5:00 pm. Contact telephone number: 32.800.28.
  4. National Institute of Child Health of Breña, the attention is every day of the week. Contact number: 33.026.32.
  5. Edgardo Rebagliati Martins National Hospital, located between Rebagliati avenues and Jesús María. Attention from Monday to Saturday: 7:00 am to 3:00 pm. Sundays from 7:00 am to 11:00 am. Contact: 26.549.01.

Important aspects after donating

However, it is interesting to know that makes the receiving center with donated blood. Once the blood is drawn, the receiving centers begin an analysis that determines what the conditions are for it to be supplied to another person, even when the requirements to donate blood have already been met.

In this sense, donated blood is generally carry out the corresponding studies for 7 mandatory indicators in every receiving center:

  1. HIV.
  2. Hepatitis B and C.
  3. Syphilis.
  4. Chagas.
  5. Human T-cell lymphotropic virus or HTLV 1 and 2.
  6. Anti core.
  7. Hemo – blood classification or blood type is also carried out and the search for irregular antibodies is applied.

Consequently, the indicated analyzes have a 99% reliability, the remaining 1% is considered the immunological window. All this will be subject to the sincerity of the donor when informing about their risks. For instance:

  • In case of drug use.
  • If you have an HIV positive test.
  • In case of practicing sexual promiscuity and other risk factors that must be indicated before donating to medical personnel.

Who can’t do it?

An important aspect that is also a requirement to donate blood, is that the donor no suffer from the following conditions:

  • Diabetic or hypertensive without treatment or with any alteration.
  • People with a condition: Cardiac, renal, neurological (epilepsy, to name an example), hematological or respiratory.
  • People who have suffered from some type of hepatitis.
  • Neither should go to donate people who use drugs through intravenous lines or who have several sexual partners.
  • Those who suffer from HIV, syphilis, hepatitis B and C, HTLV, Chagas or any other infection that can be transmitted through blood.

In addition, people with the aforementioned conditions who are under the influence alcohol should not go to donate blood either.

Tips for Donating Blood

For facilitate the donation process It is suggested that before going to donate blood, people should:

  • In the four (4) hours prior to the donation, you should consume a lot of liquids, it can be through: Tea, coffee, infusions, juices, juices, preferably with sugar.
  • Fruits can be consumed until the time of donating blood.
  • During the four (4) hours prior to donating, you should not consume dairy or fatty foods.

  • The person who has not eaten food for 10 or more hours before the donation Can’t donate blood.
  • If you have a permanent treatment, you should consult the donation center beforehand.
  • If you have symptoms of a cold or flu or if you have diarrhea or any type of condition. Blood should not be donated.
    • In case of presenting the aforementioned conditions, it is suggested to wait ten (10) days or until the symptoms disappear.
  • If allergies occur, you cannot donate blood, no matter how mild it is, you cannot donate. It is suggested to wait ten (10) days or until the symptoms disappear.


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