Requirements for Donating Blood: Documents, Steps and MORE

7 minutos de lectura

Donating blood corresponds to the main action of helping people who need this type of assistance. Similarly, in El Salvador the ideal of altruistic donation has been promoted through social programs. Therefore, people have their support to save the lives of others. However, to carry out this noble task you must fulfill the requirements to donate blood.

Likewise, the country’s health personnel carry out activities in various areas of care. That is why its ultimate goal is based on sensitizing the population in this regard. In addition, it causes citizens to decide to show solidarity with those who need blood transfusions. If you want to support others through this action, here we will give you the necessary information.

What are the Requirements to Donate Blood?

To start, it is essential that you know the requirements to donate blood in El Salvador and you can contribute correctly. We will mention them below:

  • You must be in good health
  • Be in an age range between 18 and 65 years
  • Possess a weight of 110 pounds or more
  • Have a valid Unique Identity Document
  • Avoid risky sex
  • Do not opt ​​for the consumption of drugs or illicit substances
  • By the time of the transfusion, you must be fully rested from the night before
  • It is not necessary that you maintain an exclusive fast, therefore, you can eat liquids and foods that are not heavy
  • Present systolic blood pressure in a range of 90 to 160 mm Hg
  • Have diastolic blood pressure in a range of 60 to 90 mm Hg
  • Maintain a pulse between 50 and 100 beats respectively
  • The area to be punctured must be free of rashes and lesions
  • Both arms must be in a previous optimal state

Necessary Documents Donate Blood

Similarly, among the requirements to donate blood you will find the personal data that you must present. With which, these essential documents of which we speak are:

  • Submit the application form as a blood donor
  • Place your name, respective individual registration and the number of donors to whom the donation will be awarded
  • Prove your Unique Identity Document or some type of personal information data
  • Adequately follow compliance with the rules established by the National Network of Blood Banks mentioned above

Thus, these data expressed above are what you should have at the time of going to the specific health center. In addition, it is essential that you comply with each health protocol of said entity. Therefore, once this procedure is carried out, you will be able to help people who are in poor health. Also, you should know who to donate to:

  • If you have blood group A + you can donate to this same and to AB +. In the same way, you can receive donations from A +, A-, O +, O-
  • By having type A- blood you can donate A +, A-, AB +, AB-. At the same time you have the option of receiving donors of type A- and O-
  • When you are from group B + it is wise to make donations to B + and AB +. Also, it is convenient that you receive type B +, B-, O +, and O-
  • If you have type B- blood, you can contribute to B +, B-, AB +, and AB-. Likewise, you can receive help from B- and O-
  • In the instance that you have AB + blood you can donate only to AB + and receive any type of donation
  • Being AB- you can help people of AB + and AB-, and receive blood from A-, B-, AB- and O-
  • With the O + group you can donate A +, B +, AB + and O +. You also have the opportunity to receive type O + and O- blood
  • Finally, if you have type O blood – you can donate to any blood group, but you will only receive O blood –

Steps to Follow to Donate Blood

On the other hand, in addition to requirements to donate blood, it is necessary that you take into account the procedure that will take place:

  1. The first thing you should do is present your Unique Identity Document at the respective blood bank or health center
  2. In case of being a foreigner, you can present your passport or some other information that identifies you
  3. Then, you will be assigned the turn that corresponds to you depending on the order of arrival of each donor
  4. Immediately, service personnel will proceed to register and enter your data
  5. Subsequently, you will have to carry out an evaluation of your pulse, blood pressure, hemoglobin, weight and hemogram
  6. You must answer a series of questions from the nurse or transfusion expert
  7. The trained personnel will proceed to check the possible areas of transfusion and puncture. These correspond to both arms
  8. Finally, once the donation process has finished, you must commit to promoting this activity altruistically. Therefore, this way you can help a large number of people who need to improve their health.

Benefits of Donating Blood

For the donor

  • Some components inclined towards cholesterol, circulatory problems and triglycerides are expelled. Therefore, this contributes to the reduction of heart and pressure problems
  • It evolves and significantly increases the lung capacity and the oxygenation range of the body tissues
  • Emotional and satisfaction benefits due to support for others
  • Rejuvenation of your body, due to the origin of new cells and clean blood flow
  • Stability in iron levels due to iron loss through transfusion
  • Better blood fluidity that contributes to an optimal lining of the vessels
  • People who decide to donate blood have a higher percentage of life

For the receiver

  • The receiver will receive a better fluid
  • You will have higher levels of quality of life
  • You will get a significant evolution in the functioning of certain organs
  • Will fix internal bleeding problems

Who can’t do it?

Likewise, once the requirements to donate blood, documents, steps and benefits have been mentioned, it is prudent to highlight one more point. In this way, we can say that there are social groups that cannot carry out blood transfusion processes. That is, this corresponds only to the risks that these people have of containing diseases and, therefore, transmitting them.

Later, you also need to know that there may be exceptions in these cases. With which, not necessarily if you find yourself in any of these descriptions it means that you have infections or contagious diseases. Among the people who cannot donate we can find the following:

  • Makeup and piercings: These people have a higher risk of transmitting infections to the donor. Likewise, in both cases they are associated with bleeding, carriage of Hepatitis C, Human Immunodeficiency Virus and other infections
  • Tattoos: the processes that correspond to the realization of tattoos are based on penetrations into the skin. Therefore, these used instruments may be at some risk of being contaminated with infection or disease. That is why, if you have tattoos, you must wait a period of 12 months after their completion and comply with previous medical assistance.
  • Drug use: the intake of drugs and illicit substances cause great dangers within the public health sphere. With which, they can cause diseases such as Hepatitis B and C, Human Immunodeficiency Virus and various types of infections
  • Risky sex: HIV and Hepatitis B and C viruses can be transmitted through sexual behaviors. Thus, they can be presented under an asymptomatic modality. Therefore, you will not be aware of it, as long as you do not undergo specific medical studies

Where to go to donate?

  • El Salvador Red Cross Blood Center, San Salvador, phone number: +503 2239 4951
  • Banco de los Trabajadores Salvadoreños, San Salvador, opening hours until 6:00 pm phone number: +503 2259 7080
  • National Hospital Dr. Juan José Fernández, Mejicanos, hours of attention during 24 hours, telephone number: +503 2594 5000
  • ISSS Medical Surgical Hospital, San Salvador, opening hours for 24 hours, telephone number: +503 2591 5500
  • Benjamín Bloom National Children’s Center, San Salvador, opening hours until 9:00 pm telephone number: +503 2225 4114
  • First Bank of Workers of Santa Ana, Santa Ana, opening hours until 5:00 pm phone number: +503 2445 6500
  • Diagnostic Hospital, San Salvador, opening hours for 24 hours, telephone number: +503 2505 5700
  • National Health Assistance for Women, San Salvador, opening hours for 24 hours, telephone number: +503 2206 6200
  • Former Maternity Hospital, San Salvador, hours of operation for 24 hours, telephone number: +503 6184 8194
  • San Juan de Dios – Hospital Nacional, Santa Ana, opening hours for 24 hours, telephone number: +503 2435 9500
  • Santa Ana – Regional Hospital, Santa Ana, opening hours for 24 hours, telephone number: +503 2440 2011
  • Vehicle Access San Juan De Dios Regional Hospital, San Miguel, El Salvador, opening hours for 24 hours, telephone number: +503 2665 6100

Take care of yourself and others!

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