Requirements for Family Reunification: Steps, What it is and MORE

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If you are looking for information about requirements for family reunification, the step-by-step you must follow for the initial application and then for the renewal and more, keep reading. In this article you will find all the information you need for family reunification in Spain and for the renewal of the procedure.

It is important to mention that for the Spanish government, family reunification It’s fundamental. As for laws that allow foreigners, who do not belong to the European community and live in the country, to reunite their family group.

What are the Requirements for Family Reunification?

The main requirement for family reunification, is that the applicant (applicant for the procedure who lives in Spanish territory) must have been living legally in Spain for 12 months. Also have the approval of the stay for twelve (12) additional months, in other words have the renewal of your original stay.

It is important to clarify that the regrouping is the applicant for the procedure and lives in Spain and the regrouped is the beneficiary and resides outside of Spanish territory. In this sense, the other requirements to apply for the procedure are mentioned below:

Regrouping requirements:

  • You must not have a criminal record of any kind, neither in your country of origin nor in any other nation that you have lived or visited in the last five years. This requirement is essential.
  • You cannot have citizenship of the European Union, nor be subscribed to the European economic agency
  • In case the regrouping is a descendant of the regrouping:
    • This person must be under eighteen (18) years of age or dependent on the sponsor. This requirement also applies to children by adoption.
  • If the reunited person is one of the parents, father or mother of the reunifier:
    • The latter must comply with a five-year stay in Spain, uninterruptedly.
  • For any family member that the sponsor wants to bring to Spain, it is necessary that the latter present the documentation that evidences the affiliation with each one, for example:
      • If the person being reunited is the spouse of the person being reunited, they must present a photocopy of the marriage certificate.
      • In case of being a common-law couple, you can present the official document as a photocopy.
      • Descendants, you must present their birth certificate.
      • Parents, you must present the birth certificate of the sponsor.
      • In-laws, in this case you must present the couple’s birth certificate with the marriage certificate of the sponsor and their partner
  • Economic availability of the regrouped, it is essential that the regrouped evidences or demonstrates the need it has to be regrouped and protected.
  • But if the regrouped person has a job or other income that allows them to support themselves in their country of origin, or if they have bank accounts that allow them to live well, the procedure will be denied.

Requirements of the sponsor:

  • You must have 1 year living legally in Spain, in addition to having obtained the approval of permanence for an additional (1) year.
  • You cannot have the citizenship of the European Union, nor be subscribed to the European economic agency.
  • For each relative who wishes to regroup, the sponsor must present a copy of the required documentation that evidences the affinity with each case.
  • Have an address conditioned so that the grouped can remain in perfect condition.
    • In this requirement, the sponsor must request a dossier of the conditions of the domicile from the local council of the area.
    • The dossier must contain: number of people living in the home, construction area of ​​the house, number of bedrooms and the use given to each one and, in general, the condition of the home.

  • Economic availability of the regrouper, in order to prove to the authority the possibility of maintenance of the regrouped (s), so it is necessary to present:
    • Labor agreement; It is preferable that the date of the contract is unlimited or for a minimum of 1 year of validity, since if it expires in 1 or 2 months the procedure may be denied.
    • Present the last six (6) receipts of salary payment.
    • A work dossier.
    • The last tax return.
    • Test the holding of the multiple effects public income indicator. This is a hundred and fifty percent when grouping a single person, for each additional regrouping it will be increased by fifty percent.
    • It is important to consider that the benefits that originate from aid are not counted as income for the sponsor.

Documents Needed for Family Reunification

The documents to present the sponsor at the time of the request for the procedure must be a photocopy. The originals must be presented by the regrouped to the consulate of the country of residence or origin, at the time indicated.

Documents necessary to apply for family reunification in Spain:

  • The sponsor must fill out the application form to regroup the relative (s).
  • According to the affinity bond that the applicant has with the regrouped person, they must present the documentation that proves the family bond.
    • The legal or economic subjection of the family member who wants to regroup.
    • Photocopy of the marriage certificate, if the relative is the spouse of the sponsor.
    • Official document of the union in photocopy, in case of being the de facto couple.
    • The descendant’s birth certificate, if the relative is a child.
    • The birth certificate of the sponsor, if the family members are their parents.
    • Birth certificate of the couple with the marriage certificate of the sponsor and his / her spouse, if the relative (s) is (on) the father-in-law (s).
  • Current passport in photocopy of the regrouped.

  • Valid passport of the sponsor.
  • Approval of the permanence and its renewal, of the sponsor.
  • Certificate of ownership or rental of the domicile in Spain.
  • Dossier issued by the city council, indicating that the sponsor has a sufficiently adequate home, as well as financial support to support the family.
  • Documents that prove the economic availability of the regrouper, for the maintenance of the regrouped (s), so it is necessary to present:
    • Labor agreement, it is preferable that the date of the contract is unlimited or for a minimum of 1 year of validity, since if it expires in 1 or 2 months the procedure may be denied.
    • The last six (6) receipts of salary payment.
    • A work dossier.
    • The last tax return.
    • Certificate of possession of the multiple effects public income indicator.

Aspects to take into account once the procedure is approved:

Si the procedure and the requirements for family reunification are accepted, the family member (s) who will be reunited, have a period of time to complete the process. In this sense, 2 months from the date of acceptance to make the request for reunification visa (s) at the Spanish consulate of the country of origin.

Steps to Follow to obtain Family Reunification

Family reunification it is a procedure really Simple, which is carried out in the immigration office closest to the immigrant’s residence with the requirements for family reunification. Below is the step by step:

  • The applicant must fill out the respective application form for the procedure and bring the documents indicated in the previous section.
  • Once the procedure is approved, the regrouped person (s) must apply for the visa, taking the following documents to the consulate:
    • Fill out the visa application form.
    • Bring the approval of residence by regrouping.
    • Show the documentation that evidences the family bond that the reunification shelters: birth or adoption certificate, or any other, depending on the case.
    • Valid passport.
    • Recent photo.
    • Criminal record certificate, with an issue date of less than two (2) months.
    • Medical certificate certifying that the regrouped person is completely healthy, valid for two months or less.

The visa application must be perform personally. Once the documentation is delivered, the Spanish consular office has 2 months to report the approval of the visa. In this sense, the regrouped person must withdraw the visa and arrive in Spain within the validity of the visa. It is important to mention that the validity time of the visa will be equal to or less than 3 months.

Once the regrouped I arrived in SpainYou have 1 month to apply for the identification of foreigners. The approval of permanence by regrouping of the owners, spouse or descendants of working age authorizes them to work independently or for a third party throughout the Spanish territory.

Family Reunification Renewal

The renewal of residence permit for the family group, it is necessary to do it sixty (60) days prior to its expiration. In this sense, the applicant must prove that they have a job or the financial means to live in the country.

People who have obtained the stay in the country Due to family reunification, they can also reunite their own direct relatives. All this is possible if they have an authorization to stay independent of the approval of the previous family reunification process.

Family Reunification for Community Citizens

To begin with, the direct relatives who can be reunited will be mentioned and then the requirements for family reunification will be mentioned:

  1. Reuniting couple.
  2. Descendants of the Spanish national or of the applicant from the European community in Spain.
  3. Ascendants or grandparents of the Spanish national or of the applicant from the European community in Spain, who are dependent on them.

Now the documentation required for requesting reunification will depend on the family member you want to regroup. Likewise, the procedure must be initiated directly through the Spanish consular authority, in the country where the interested party lives. On the other hand, the process may take a few months, depending on the number of applications that the consulate has.

Likewise, the request of the regrouping visa It can be done in the applicant’s country of origin, even before the Spanish or EU national travels to Spain. It is important to mention that this condition is valid for couples who want to settle in Spain and that one of them has Spanish nationality or a country of the European community.

The family reunification visa allows you to legally reside and work in Spain. The information on the area of ​​procedures for community of the Spanish consulate, can be validate on the website of this, in the section of the embassies and consulates.

What is it?

Family reunification It is a procedure carried out by a person who lives in a foreign country legally, to congregate his closest family. This procedure is a right granted by Spain to foreigners. So it is simply necessary to meet the requirements for family reunification and step by step.

In this sense, Spanish laws recognize the value that represents family protection and respect for the life of this. In this way it helps the unification of non-nationals in Europe.

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