Requirements to be a Judge in Argentina: Duration, Functions and MORE

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Judges have been a part of our political life for a long time. They have been in charge of exercising the law to the letter, this has caused many people to become interested in the legal role, thus wanting to be part of a magistrate or judicial body. Here in Gestionalo we will comment on the Requirements to be a Judge in Argentina, the duration and the functions of the same.

Judges play many roles. They interpret the law, evaluate the evidence presented, and control how hearings and trials proceed in their courtrooms. Most important of all, judges are impartial decision makers in the pursuit of justice.

We also have what is known as a contradictory justice system – legal cases are contests between opposing sides, ensuring that evidence and legal arguments are presented in a complete and forceful manner. Yet the judge remains above the fray, providing an independent and impartial assessment of the facts.

In this way, judges and courts have a significant impact on our daily lives. and we trust you to make some of the most important decisions that affect us. Think about it for a moment. Only a judge can grant a divorce, confirm an adoption, order the termination of parental rights, sentence a person to death.

Requirements to be a Judge in Argentina

Explore the requirements career for judges. Learn about job duties, education, and licensing requirements to determine if this is the right career for you:

Get a college degree

First, you will need to obtain a bachelor’s degree. There is no specific specialization for aspiring lawyers, but make sure your 4-year curriculum includes courses in government, foreign language, public speaking, and history. Research, writing, and analysis skills will also be necessary in your legal career. In this way you can streamline the Requirements to be a Judge in Argentina.

Attend Law School

Most of the judges have obtained degrees in law. In some states, you can become a judge without a law degree, but your prospects will greatly improve if you obtain this credential. You must pass the Law School Admission Exam to be admitted to Law School. Achieving excellent undergraduate qualifications can help your chances of being admitted to competitive law programs.

Pass the judicial bar and other exams

In all states, you must pass a written bar exam. A passing score on an ethics test is also required in most states. Most of the states and territories of Argentina. They require candidates to take the multi-state bar exam, a 200-question test that lasts six hours.

Multiple-choice questions address examinees’ knowledge of areas such as constitutional law, criminal law, evidence, and contracts. Vvarying state by state, a local bar exam and ethics exam may be required. It is a mandatory fulfillment to complete the Requirements to be a Judge in Argentina.

Be appointed or elected to the court

Experienced attorneys can be chosen or appointed to judges. This process often involves politics. Federal administrative law judges receive their appointments from government agencies, and are required to take a comprehensive test given by the Argentine Personnel Administration Office.

VSeveral judges at the state level are appointed to their positions, while others are elected by the voters.. In several states, designated commissions evaluate candidates for judges.

Complete Judge Training

Elected and appointed judges must participate in training programs, as required by each state. Judicial education programs are offered by the National Center for State Courts and the American Bar Association. In most states, judges must enroll in continuing education classes throughout their careers.

How long does a Judge last in office in Argentina?

According to the Argentine Judicial Association, it had declared that the unconstitutionality of article 156, of the first paragraphs, of the Constitution of law, insofar as it provides that the judges of the Court last six years in their functions approximately. This will also depend on how the official fulfills his functions or his work performance.
It is also necessary to mention that judges and courts exist to protect our freedoms. and our most fundamental and sacred rights established in the Bill of Rights, as well as to protect us from the illegal and unjustified intrusion of the government into our lives.
Today more than ever our courts serve as a safe haven for the peaceful resolution of disputes. Conflict and dispute are part of life and if it is a contract that has been allegedly broken, a marital relationship that is broken, a dispute over the provisions in a will, a dispute between the landlord and the tenant, a supposed case of medical assistance or legal negligence.
In this case, any other dispute that arises, it is our courts that are called to hear the dispute, listen to the parties involved and try to reach a fair and equitable result. based on the facts presented and the law as it applies.

What must you study to be a Judge in Argentina?

If you want to be a judge, you must study laws and rights. This career exists in multiple universities in Argentina, although not all of them can be paid for by the amount required to enroll in it. Usually the studies last from 4 to 6 years, or in many cases doing intensive studies can even finish the degree in 3 years.

Studying law offers the opportunity to develop a variety of skills and explore many aspects of human life. It gives you a lot of knowledge to defend your position before the laws in the future, in addition to being qualified for public office. You also acquire breadth of understanding and depth in the areas that interest you most.

So it’s easy to see why you don’t have to become a lawyer to be a judge, just because you’ve earned a law degree.; many choose other paths. The law protects all students who have reconciled the Requirements to be a Judge in Argentina.

However, a law degree can give you the skills to be a successful judge. but also a successful producer, politician, manager, journalist, diplomat or police officer; A law degree equips you for almost any profession that requires intellectual fortitude combined with a practical approach to the world.

So why bother doing a (demanding) three-year law degree when you could do a (less intense) three-year degree and then take a one-year (intense) law conversion course, to end up looking for the ones? same jobs as those Who graduated in law? When formulated in these terms, the answer may seem obvious: make the course less intense.

Functions of a Judge in Argentina

Judges must decide all criminal cases fairly, objectively and impartially. A judge must first decide whether or not the accused person is guilty after carefully considering all the evidence presented before him or her. If the judge finds the accused guilty, he or she must carefully decide on the appropriate penalty. This is its main function.

When a case first comes to court, the judge must decide whether there is sufficient evidence to support a reasonable belief that a crime has occurred and also that the person in question committed that crime.

On the other hand, if the defendant cannot afford to hire a lawyer, the judge must appoint a lawyer for them. The judge also sets the bond. Once the defendant has an attorney and his or her bond amount has been set, he or she pleads guilty or not guilty. The judge must make sure that the statement has been made voluntarily.

The role of a judge during a Hearing depends on whether a jury is present or not. In the most serious criminal cases, a jury is present and is therefore the evidence of fact, which means that the jury looks at the evidence presented in court and determines what actually happened and whether or not the defendant is guilty.

How are the Judges chosen?

They are chosen by the courts of first instance. These include the federal courts of first instance, the courts of appeal, and the Supreme Court. The judges of these courts are nominated by the President and confirmed by Congress. Once in office, judges can remain in office for life.

The way in which state court judges are selected varies by state. States elect judges in any of the following ways:

  • Appointment– The governor or the state legislature will elect its judges.
  • Selection of merits– Judges are chosen by a legislative committee based on the past performance of each potential judge. Some states hold “retention elections” to determine whether the judge should continue to serve.
  • Party elections– Judges selected through party elections are voted on by the electorate, and often run as part of a political party’s list of candidates.
  • Nonpartisan electionsPotential judges running for judicial office in states with nonpartisan elections put their names on the ballot, but do not list their affiliates. Terms for judges in nonpartisan elections can vary between 6 and 10 years.

In any case, The person must have all the Requirements to be a Judge in Argentina up to date.

What is a Judge?

A judge is a person who presides over court proceedings, either alone or as part of a panel of judges. LThe powers, functions, method of appointment, discipline and training of judges vary widely between different jurisdictions. The judge is supposed to conduct the trial impartially and usually in open court.

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