Are you interested in becoming a judge? This article will explain what they are Requirements to be a judge where the step-by-step below will be highlighted. Keep reading!
What is the Process to Become a Judge in Chile?
To become a judge, you will have to follow a series of steps that will be explained below:
- The applicant must submit a Curriculum vitae, where the criminal and professional records must be included, following the steps stipulated by the Judicial Academy.
- Prove in a brief writing no greater than 500 words your interest in participating in the course and because you want to enter the Judiciary.
- It must include the original title given by the Supreme Court.
- It should also include the Certified notes of the subjects taken at the university.
- The applicant must attach the original document of the final note that he obtained in the grade exam. Bachelor’s degree certificate is not accepted, that is, you must present a certification of a concentration.
- Original certification from the Judicial Assistance Corporation, where the applicant has carried out his professional practice with the respective results obtained.
- You must submit a sworn declaration simple that must state that the candidate does not have any disqualification.
- The applicant must add the original document regarding the Civil Registry Service.
- Affidavit stating that you are in good health and well-being to hold the position.
- Applicants must indicate in their application process, an email where you can be contacted for the duration of the selection process.
- All attached documents must be original and all certificates must be up-to-date at the time of application.
Requirements to be a Judge: First stage
After all the necessary documents have been channeled, the first stage begins.
- Citizens must develop a 140-question exam of choice.
- Must resolve four cases referring to: Family Law, Commercial, Administrative and Labor Law.
Requirements to be a Judge: Second Stage
- The people who have been selected will be cited for a psychometric evaluation. In addition, they will be called through your ID number.
- Each applicant will be qualified by a concept between: Recommended, with observation and not recommended.
Requirements to be a Judge: Third stage
According to the results obtained in the previous phases, the applicants will be ordered from decreasing way, according to the grades obtained. Applicants evaluated as recommendable and if they are less than 40, also the recommended ones with observation. They will be able to choose for a personal interview, where the quality of your response and your position in front of the interviewers will be evaluated.
The list of applicants can be found on the website of the Judicial Academy.
Who can do it?
- The citizen has to be Chilean.
- The citizen must contain the title of the degree attorney.
- Citizens must develop a 140-question choice test.
- You must resolve four cases regarding: Family Law, Commercial, Administrative and Labor Law.
- If the applicant reaches the regulatory score, he is selected. In other words, upon completing all the necessary steps, applicants will have access to the Judicial Academy of Chile and will begin their path to becoming a judge.
- Applicants who were not selected can re-apply when a new call begins.
- The application program is free way.
Duties of a Judge
The functions that a judge must comply with are the following:
- The position of judge allows her to be the highest authority of a court of law. Since that is its main function, that of imparting and administering justice.
- Other of his responsibilities is to define the future of a defendant, for a certain crime he has committed.
- Shall present evidence and evidence collected to initiate the trial and thus be able to declare him guilty or innocent, as the case may be.
- The action of the judges is according to jurisdiction, strata or competence, to be able to define civil, criminal, labor situations, etc. All of them are under the advice of a highest court such as; the Supreme Court of Justice (in other countries it receives another name).
- It has the ability to evaluate other circumstances such as those analyzed by national judges, or municipal or provincial judges. Everything will depend on the magnitude of the problem that motivates your intervention.
Studies to be a Judge in Chile
All judges must be graduates in the career of Right, this race lasts approximately 5 to 6 years. The university degree is the beginning of a long and complicated path to aspire to. In Chile, to obtain the position of judge, you must enter the Judicial Academy for at least one year working full time.
After starting at the Academy, they will obtain their certification that accredits them as professionals of the judiciary and allows them to apply for competitions that provide quotas so that they can practice as judges in the different courts of the nation. But it should be noted that not everyone enters the Judicial Academy and it is a procedure that is made up of different types of phases that will have to go through.
What is it?
It is the person who has power, authority to judge, sentence and is responsible for the application of the laws.
It is the individual who resolve the conflict or decide the fate of the accused, orienting himself with the evidence or evidence collected to present it at trial.
They are considered officials public and they are members of the Judicial Power. It must be autonomous and independent, likewise it must be responsible for its civil and criminal acts.
Although they enjoy their independence and power in their actions, their sentences can be reviewed by their superiors, through judicial resources.
All judges have the duty and the right to administer justice, if they refuse will incur in denial of justice and may be punished.
Position in the Judicial System
- Magistrate or Supreme Judge: The magistrate is the highest authority that is in the last degree of the judicial career, Mainly it is constituted in the Supreme Court or Tribunal.
- Ordinary Judge: It is that it works in its jurisdiction of personal law and develops by constant occupation to administer justice in a given situation and time.
- Conventional Judge: It is the individual who does not hold a public position of judge because he is only a private individual, with the power to fulfill certain requirements, to solve a particular and concrete problem.
Judicial Branch of Chile
The Judicial Power of this nation is made up of the national courts, free and independent complying with the law, to which it belongs to fulfill the jurisdictional function. It means, the understanding and decision of dispute in legal matters. In Chile, most of the courts serve as jurisdiction, that is, they relate to the Judiciary.
It is very important to note that the Judicial Branch is made up of both courts special as ordinary. The ordinary courts are: the Supreme Court, the Courts of Appeals, the individuals who hold the office of president, court ministers, among others.
In Chile, its Judicial Power is governed by a Legal standard , as reflected in Chapter VI of the Constitution.
The Constitution of Chile contains special courts that exercise functions that are related to the jurisdiction, but that do not group that power, much less, they are supervised by the Courts.
The Judicial Academy is an institute of public Law which has as its purpose choose and prepare future memberss that the primary phase of the Judiciary. As well as giving continuous training to all judicial officials.
It deals with the proper development of the competencies required by the judicial function, for this, the academy maintains a training program for applicants, improvement for members of the judiciary and training for judges who may be included in the future to be Minister of Court or judicial prosecutors.
If you are interested in this important position, you will need to follow a series of Requirements to be a judge.
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