Requirements to be a Legislator: How to Elect, Advantages and MORE

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The Requirements to be a Legislator They are very important to keep in mind not only if you want to apply to appear as one, but also so that you understand how those who are currently in charge got there. This is not a job for everyone, only people trained in certain areas, with certain skills and experience, can be legislators.

But what is a legislator? A legislator is a person or body of the law, who issues law, follows it and protects it. In Argentina, the Legislative Power is located in the National Congress and is divided into two chambers: the Senators and the Disputed, who work hard to make the problems, petitions and testimonies of the Argentine population and its provinces heard.

Next, we will be talking to you not only about the requirements, but about the functions, advantages, service time, and much much more. Stay!

What are the Requirements to be a Legislator?

As we have said before, whether you are going to participate in Congress as a Deputy or Senator, you need to fulfill a series of essential requirements that will allow you not only to apply, but to carry out your functions successfully after having obtained the position.

Let’s see which are, in general lines:

  • Have a strong respect for the Constitution, as well as by any other official document that represents the Argentine legal norm.
  • Know how to manage problems, from those that need more attention to those that can be solved more easily, and try to solve for the common good.
  • To study law, know about the legal norm, its history, bases and everything pertinent to it. Although this does not appear as an unalterable requirement, it is clear that in order to issue a law, one must know about the law.
  • Have some experience in the exercise of justice.
  • To run as a senator or in dispute, you must have the support of either the town or the province that you are going to represent, so you will need a certain political career.

Now yes, let’s talk about the specific requirements according to the position you would like to occupy: Senator or Deputy.

Senator

To be Senator, According to the regulations, you must:

  • First of all, be over 30 years of age.
  • Have been a citizen of the Nation for at least 6 years before launching.
  • Possess an annual income equal to or greater than 2,000 strong pesos or its equivalent in another currency.
  • Be natural or born in the province you seek to represent, or
  • Have at least two years of residence in the province you are seeking to present. This must be immediate.

All these Requirements to be a Legislator follow the Article 55 of the Argentine National Constitution.

Deputy

To be Deputy, according to the regulations, you must:

  • First of all, be or be over 25 years of age.
  • Citizenship time greater than 4 years, in exercise.
  • Be born in the province that chooses or
  • Have at least two years of residence in this (immediate residence).

All these Requirements to be a Legislator follow the Article 48 of the Argentine National Constitution.

Do you see how few requirements you really need? Of course there are many more, many of which you will learn in your career, but these are the most important.

How long does a Legislator last in office?

In all countries the legislator has a specific period to enforce its functions. Sometimes he can be reelected, but he must necessarily go through elections to be able to testify that the people really want him or her to continue being the Deputy or Senator who represents them.

These elections are generally made on a rotating basis from time to time. In Argentina, this goes like this:

Deputies

Their functions will last for a period of four (4) years, being able to be re-elected. However, the Chamber will be renewed every two years by half, where those of the first legislature will be drawn to see who leaves in the first period. In the case of absence or of having a vacancy, it will be the government of the province or of Buenos Aires who makes the legal election for a new representative.

Senators

Senators, unlike the deputies, They last in office for a period of six (6) years. This is obviously two years more than the Deputy. They can be re-elected countless times, but keep in mind that one third of the Senate districts are renewed every two years.

And, at that time, What do they do?

Requirements to be a Legislator: Functions

Know the all functions that this figure has could even be considered as one of the Requirements to be a Legislator, since it is very important to know exactly what both Senators and Deputies are in charge of, what their functions are.

We have told you that the Legislator is in charge of the field of law, but so is a lawyer and a judge, right? The truth is that the Legislator is the one who issues the Law, the lawyer who interprets it and enforces it, and the judge who has the final word regarding each particular case.

Once you are aware of these important differences, we will proceed to explain, specifically, What is the Legislative Power in charge of:

  • The Senate is in charge of publicly trying defendants by the Chamber of Deputies. If the accused is the President of Argentina, then he must be presided over by the head of the Supreme Court. Members must be sworn in to carry out this act and no guilty will be declared without at least two-thirds of them having so dictated.
  • The Chamber of Disputes is in charge of guiding the initiative of the recruiting laws of troops and contributions.
  • The Senate has the power to authorize the president to declare Site status. That is, in the event of a foreign threat, in one or more parts of the country.
  • The Chamber of Deputies can accuse the president, vice president, ministers, head of the cabinet of ministers and even members of the Supreme Court in the different crimes that can be carried out in their functions, for offering poor performance or for common crimes, these being understood as: extortion, usurpation, unfair administration, etc. For this, the majority of two thirds of its members must give cause and proceed to the accusation to the Senate.
  • Each Chamber will make its regulations, which must be followed and respected by all members.
  • Each Chamber may correct, remove and even exclude any member, either due to conduct disorder, physical disability or whatever reason is considered sufficient. For this you will need a two-thirds vote.
  • Congress will be responsible for:
    • Promulgate laws on customs matters,
    • Establish indirect taxes,
    • Acquire loans on the Credit of the Nation,
    • Send on the use and disturbance of the lands that are national property,
    • Establish and regulate a federal bank, with the power to issue currency, as well as other national banks,
    • To arrange the payment of the internal and external debt of the Nation,
    • Set annually the general spending budget based on the government program,
    • Agree on Subsidies from the National Treasury to provinces that need it,
    • Dictate the codes Civil, Commercial, Criminal, Mining, and Labor and Social Security,
    • Much much more.

In this way, it is no surprise that the Legislator is in charge of offering his vote in all these matters, always bearing in mind the social and economic well-being of the town or province it represents, as well as its more specific interests.

SenatorsFor their part and to make a distinction, they basically take care of:

  • Foreign policy, like the handling of international treaties, selection of ambassadors, judicial magistrates, and so on.
  • Ratify or suggest modifications in officials of various State institutions, such as the National Army.
  • Respond to all states in the country.
  • Initiative in the approval of legal norms.

Finally, the deputies carry the task, among so many, of:

  • Establish the Nation spending budget.
  • Appoint officers.
  • Modification and repeal of articles of the Constitution.
  • To welcome projects of Legal Norms that have been established by popular initiative or to start the consultation process to issue laws.
  • Respond to citizens.
  • Accept legal norms on the recruitment of troops and their contributions.
  • Initiative in the approval of legal norms.

And, of course, all this taking into account the Requirements to be a Legislator.

How are Legislators elected?

You might be wondering what he is like election process for contested and senators. The truth is that this is very simple. The last legislative elections in Argentina were held on October 27, 2019, and through these a third of the members of the Senate and more than half of the Chamber of Deputies were achieved.

The choice of both is made by secret, direct and compulsory elections. The Chamber of Deputies elects 257 members and the Senate only 72. Let’s see how the process is for each one.

Chamber of Deputies

They will be chosen by the people of the provinces and by Buenos Aires, directly and for a term, being one (1) representative for every 33,000 inhabitants or at least 16,500. Elections are held in 24 districts, by the proportional representation method.

Banks are chosen with respect to the amount to be chosen. For example, in Buenos Aires there are a total of 70 seats and only 35 elected, which was what was done in 2019, for a total of 130 renewed members in all provinces. The more seats a party has, the more participation and incidence of the ideals and goals of the party in decisions concerning the functions of the deputy.

In the situation that there is a vacancy, the Government of the province or capital will make the pertinent vote to elect a new member.

Senate

They are elected by the relevant electoral districts. According to Article 54 of the CNA, there are three senators for each province and three in Buenos Aires. Through elections where they are elected jointly and directly, two seats are awarded to the party with the highest vote and one to the next after it. Remember that only one third is renewed, that is, 24 members.

In the situation that there is a vacancy, the Government of the province or capital will make the pertinent vote to elect a new member.

Both, the Deputy or Senator, once elected, must proceed to swear in and thus begin their functions.

Advantages of being a Legislator in Argentina

exist numerous advantages that the legislator enjoys in the exercise of his functions. Not for whatever reason is it a highly coveted position, but there are reasons for it and popularity doesn’t have everything to do with it.

Let’s see what they are:

  • If you are a member of Congress You will not be able to be judicially questioned, accused or annoyed by the speeches you make while you are carrying out your term as a legislator. This according to article 68 of the CNA.
  • You won’t be able to be arrested either during your term of office, according to article 69 of the CNA, unless you are found red-handed doing some crime.
  • You will have paid trips that include food, accommodation and transportation for the development of your functions.
  • One of the best salaries in the country. By 2018, a deputy earned more than $ 110,000 and a senator more than $ 180,000. In fact, it is said that you can even do more than the president and his ministers.
  • The passages that will be awarded to you for trips can be redeemed for cash if you don’t use them, which is a notable extra benefit.
  • You will be able to have voice and vote in the decisions concerning the Nation.

For more information on the Legislative Branch It can be consulted at the CNA or by clicking here.

What does it mean to be a Legislator?

A Legislator It is the one that promulgates the laws that allow an organization in society. It is part of the National Congress, specifically of the Chamber of Deputies or the Senate. He represents the voice of the people who have elected him and his obligation is to follow and generate the legal norms.

It is part of a political party, so the reasons behind its votes are pre-established in ideals and political guidelines, but still seeks to generate social well-being and have a positive impact.

If you like politics, law and you think you can take this position, Do not wait more!

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