Requirements to be a Notary in Colombia: First Category, Functions and MORE

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Are you interested in becoming a notary? This article will explain what they are Requirements to be a notary in Colombia where the step-by-step below will be highlighted. Keep reading!

It is important to have the presence of a notary because it helps in approving and legalizing the respective documents in which it intervenes. That is why, if you are interested, you have to follow a series of Requirements to be a notary in Colombia which will be explained below.

Requirements to be a Notary in Colombia

According to the Statute of the notary, decree law 960 of the year (1970) highlights in article number 132 the Requirements to be a notary in Colombia which will be explained step by step:

  1. Be Colombian by birth.
  2. Citizen in exercise.
  3. The person who wants to be a notary must have an excellent reputation.
  4. And you must be over 30 years of age.

To be top notch

According to the Statute of the notary, Decree Law 960 of the year (1970) highlights in Article No. 153, the people who want to exercise the position of notary of the first category must have the following requirements:

  1. You must be a lawyer by profession.
  2. Have approximately four years working as a notary public or as a Registrar of public instruments.
  3. Have worked for at least 6 years in the judiciary and be a university professor for the same time.
  4. Simply be 10 years old after graduating as a lawyer.
  5. And not being a lawyer you can exercise the position of notary for a minimum of 8 and a maximum of 12 years depending on the category and your performance in the position.

Notary of to be second-rate

According to the Notary Statute, Decree Law 960 of the year (1970), Article No. 154, the following requirements must be met:

  1. He must have completed his law degree.
  2. Have been a notary public for at least two years or a university professor for at least three years.
  3. Simply practice the legal profession for at least five years and have not had a notary practice for four years.
  4. In case of not having the profession of lawyer and having worked the highest position for six years or the lowest category for nine years.

For this reason, before applying for the position, you must first review the Requirements to be a notary in Colombia.

Notary to be third category

Through the Notary Statute, Decree Law 960 of the year (1970), Article No. 155, the following requirements must be met:

  1. Being a lawyer by profession
  2. Not being a lawyer, having been a notary for less than two years or having completed high school studies, normalista and reached judicial, notarial practice for three years.
  3. Have at least five years of notarial judicial experience.

Necessary documents

By being clear about the Requirements to be a notary in Colombia, The person in charge must collect the following documents:

  1. You must prove that you are Colombian by birth.
  2. The person must have a law degree or a Ph.D. in the same specialty.
  3. Overcome the free oppositions to public notaries cited by the judicial court.
  4. In the different types of competition there will be a study and an evaluation of experience, performance of each participant in relation to notarial work, postgraduate studies or the various training and specialties related to notary public and the exercise of the chair.
  5. The different applicants will be subjected to personal interviews, written or oral exams or a combination of both, on general knowledge of Law and notarial techniques.

Remember that before collecting the documents, check in advance which are the Requirements to be a notary in Colombia, due to which process is long.

What must be studied to be a Notary in Colombia?

The main thing to practice as a notary is to have completed the career of Law or Legal Sciences and overcome all the oppositions or competitions necessary to become the owner of a notary public.


It is important to highlight that to aspire to this position, the procedure is long, where you have to comply with the Requirements to be a notary in Colombia.

What are the functions of a notary?

  1. He is in charge of the steps to follow to make public documents, of all the cases that the law authorizes it and therefore that is consented to by the parties, since they are the main stakeholders
  2. Accept, expand and allow the declarations that according to the laws need a public deed and where the interested party wishes that their act be covered with solemnity.
  3. Review private deeds leaving established the will of the interested party the content of the document.
  4. Authentication of copies and signatures.
  5. Process copies of public documents.
  6. Rectification of errors in public documents.
  7. Give the written declaration of the survival of a person (life certificate).
  8. To open, safeguard and publish closed wills.
  9. Caring for and maintaining notarial files.
  10. Leave a record in writing for legal purposes, evidence of any fact observed by them within the exercise of their functions and that there has been no formal review in their files.
  11. The other functions that the laws inform.

For this reason, before applying for the position, you must first review the Requirements to be a notary in Colombia.

What is a Notary?

According to the Statute of the notary, decree law 960 of the year (1970) Article nº2 the position of notary is not compatible with the exercise of power and cannot exercise its functions outside the territorial limits of the one concerning the notary circle.

According to the Notary Statute, Decree Law 960 of the year (1970), Article 8, notaries are free and independent in the exercise, fulfilling their responsibility according to the law.

The notary is a public employee who is in charge of attesting to all documents and extrajudicial acts. His performance in said document verifies the same against a third party. The civil servant takes care of the surveillance of original documents, having the responsibility of issuing to deliver authorized copies to those who request it.

The position is obtained through severe opposition. Its membership, for the purpose of discipline and professional ethics, is mandatory.

Continuing with the Notary Statute, Decree Law 960 of the year (1970) Article No. 156 highlights that notaries may not consent to their own acts or contracts, where their spouse or some of their direct relatives appear as grantor within the fourth degree of consanguinity and second of affinity.

Through the Notary Statute, Decree Law 960 of the year (1970) Article no. 157, notaries must necessarily live in the vicinity of their notary circle, where they should not be absent but only to carry out proceedings regarding their functions or with a license from the authority respective.

How is the position of notary exercised?

  1. Owned: When the official has complied with all legal requirements and has been chosen by competition.
  2. Interim: When you have been elected to the post of a notary public.
  3. On request: And when he has been chosen to replace the owner.

People who cannot be a notary in Colombia

Regarding the Notary Statute, Decree Law 960 of the year (1970) Article No. 133, the people who cannot act as a notary are the following:

  1. Those who have any judicial prohibition.
  2. Citizens who are in custody or who have been prosecuted for some criminal offense.
  3. Those who have been processed to prison, except in cases where the sentence has been conditional.
  4. Those who for any reason or reason have suspended him from the exercise of the legal profession or have been suspended for serious misconduct.
  5. The persons who exercise the position of public official in the judicial branch and due to lack of obedience have been dismissed or suspended several times for serious offenses.
  6. Those who have been relegated from their position for serious misconduct.
  7. People who do not lead a public life say with respect to the position that holds.

It is important to highlight that the notaries will be proclaimed for a period of five years, however the notary in property can revalidate the position after the period is carried out as long as the person does not have the retirement.

For this reason, before applying for the position, you must first review the Requirements to be a notary in Colombia.

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