Requirements to be a Senator: Process, duration and MORE

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The requirements to be a senator, the process to achieve it and much more will be described in this article, so we invite you to continue reading. Senators they are members of the Senate. In almost all democratic countries, senators are elected by the citizens.

This political figure has as primary objective legislate, represent and elect ambassadors, consuls, comptrollers, ministers, among other positions, to represent the country.

Also, they grant legitimacy to international treaties, governors are appointed, all these functions and others are part of the responsibilities of the position of senator of the Republic.

Process to run for Senator in Chile

The Chilean Senate is the camera high of the legislative power and together with the deputies make up the national congress.

To be a senator in Chile, a series of steps must be followed, necessary to register a nomination. Here are the steps to follow:

  1. To be empowered to exercise the right to vote, that is, registered in the electoral register.
  2. Register the candidacy where the constituency corresponds.
  3. At the time of funding, you must comply with the electoral laws.
  4. Be aware and have clarity of the functions at the time of running for senator.
  5. Start and run a Bell electoral in the time established by Chilean legislation.

During the application you must be feature free public or government positions, that is, you cannot belong to:

  • Charges guilds or neighbors.
  • Bank central.
  • Be linked to ministry public (attorney general, regional municipal).
  • Magistrate of court of Justice.
  • Comptroller general of the republic.
  • Charges ministerial.
  • Be Mayor, governor or regional councils.
  • Charges within the force navy national.

Taking into account these steps, the candidate should only apply without any problem to apply for the position, as well as gather the requirements to be a senator.

What documents are needed to be a Senator in Chile?

If the intentions If you belong to politics as a Chilean senator, you must take into account the functions of legislating and representing a group of people.

In this sense, the requirements to be a senator and identify the person who wishes to apply, are those indicated below:

  • Certificate of identity or valid passport.
  • Be Chilean citizen of birth.
  • Be enrolled in the electoral register in order to fulfill the suffrage.
  • Have a age understood between thirty-five (35) and forty (40) years old.
  • To have completed education middle or higher university.
  • Be a resident with more than two years in the region where you want to apply.

In this way, there will be a variety of candidates, since they are looking for people who want to legislate laws for the benefit of the region. The requirements to be a senator, aforementioned are established in the constitution of the Republic of Chile.

Term of office as Senator

Senators are elected by direct vote, by constituencies of each region, the duration in office is eight (8) years.

The person elected for said position as senator must perform in the best way and assume the responsibility assigned to him by the people through the vote.

That is why a senator can be reelected if he fulfills his responsibility and exercises good management, so that he can obtain the votes in his favor again.

The elections are held every four years, alternately in the regions mentioned below:

  • Tarapaca
  • Atamaca
  • Valparaiso
  • The Araucania
  • Maule
  • Aisen and Arica
  • Parinacota

Then four years later the chamber holds elections in other regions of the country such as those indicated below:

  • Antofagasta
  • Coquimbo
  • Bio Bio
  • O’higgins
  • The lakes
  • Magellan
  • The rivers
  • Ñuble
  • Metropolitan region

Thus alternates and renews the chamber every four years and the function of drawing up the laws is carried out hand in hand with the deputies.

On the other hand, senators they are men and women who exercise their position to represent their followers and bring all their needs to a constituency.

If the senator is disqualified, dies or is incapacitated, his replacement must be elected by the board of the political party to which he belongs.

It is important to remember that anyone who wishes to apply for the position of senator of the republic must comply with the requirements to be a senator.

Features

The principal functions of a senator in Chile are mentioned below:

  1. Legislate since they can create and pass laws that support the development of projects sent by the presidency or that are created by parliamentarians for the benefit of the nation.
  2. They also discuss in order to evaluate, decisions to approve improvements or reject said proposals to improve the laws of the country through votes among the senators.
  3. Represent, Senators are elected by popular vote, consequently they must take into account the needs of each constituency where they have been elected.
  4. Likewise, senators must represent their constituents when they discuss, approve or reject proposals for the benefits of constituencies in parliament.

Senators have in their power other attributions, as they are:

  • To know of the accusations made by the Chamber of Deputies.
  • Know the competences between the political authorities and the higher courts of justice
  • Grant the rehabilitation to the citizens.
  • Advise to the President of the Republic in case the law or the constitution requires it.
  • Agree with the President if this need retire the last 30 or 90 days of their mandate.
  • Disable to the President of the Republic through the constitutional court and pronounce on this measure, if necessary.
  • Approve by the constitutional court, the responsibility of the President in acts that have motivated the institutionality of a party that does not respect the basic and constitutional principles.
  • Advise to the President if he deserves it or that he requests it.
  • Grant the appointments of president according to the law.
  • May take part in the election of four ministers of the constitutional court and elect two of them.
  • Agree with the appointment of the comptroller general by the President of the Republic

Requirements to be a Senator. Limitations

Among the limitations in the position of senator, the most important ones will be mentioned below:

  • The senator will be suspended from office to be absent from the country for more thirty (30) days, without prior notice to the chamber to which it belongs.
  • He will be suspended from the office of senator, if he agrees to be a director banks or organizations, as well as practice as a lawyer or agent in public employment.
  • The senator will be disqualified that influences before the administrative or judicial areas on behalf of the employer or workers in labor disputes.
  • The senator who incite alteration of public order.
  • Among the functions of the senators they will not meet agreements concerning the control, that is the competence of the Chamber of Deputies.

Requirements to be a Senator. What is a Senator?

A senator is that person represents in parliament, to people who by means of suffrage in elections or elect it.

In addition, senators are men and women who hold office in order to represent to his followers and bring all the needs of these people to a constituency.

Likewise, since they are the voters those who elect to a person as a senator of his constituency, this should be the person who is aware of the needs of his constituents.

It is important to remember that if there is an intention to belong to politics as a senator of Chile, the requirements to be a senator:

  • Identification card valid identity or passport.
  • Be citizen Chilean (by birth).
  • Be registered in the registry electoral in order to fulfill the suffrage.
  • Have a age between thirty-five (35) and forty (40) years.
  • Have completed education middle or higher university.
  • Be resident for more than two years in the region where you want to apply.

The senator must legislate efficiently, since they can create and pass laws that support projects that the president sends or that are created by parliamentarians for a common good.

They also argue and that is where decide whether to approve, improve or reject said proposals to improve the laws of the country through votes between them.

On the other hand senators are elected by votes popularDue to this, they must take into account the needs of each constituency where they are elected. The senator must represent to their constituents when they discuss, approve or reject proposals for the benefit of a common good in parliament.

Senators are chosen By direct voting by constituencies of each region, the duration in office is 8 years, they can also be reelected.

The person elected to that office as senator must perform well and thus assume the responsibility assigned by the people through the vote.

A senator can be reelected if he fulfills his responsibility and exercises good management, in coherence with the good of the community.

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