Requirements to be President in Costa Rica: Functions, Limitations and MORE

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This article will reflect the Requirements to be President in Costa Rica. In case you want to run for president, we will explain below everything related to this and what you have to comply with.

According to article 130 of the Political Constitution of Costa Rica (1949) highlights that the Executive Power acts on behalf of the population where it is made up of the President. This person in charge must fulfill their assigned responsibility.

That is why the following will be highlighted and explained Requirements to be President in Costa Rica.

What are the general requirements?

According to Article 131 of the Political Constitution of Costa Rica (1949) the Requirements to be President in Costa Rica or vice president are the following:

  1. You must be a practicing citizen and have been born in Costa Rica.
  2. Be from a secular state.
  3. Be over 30 years of age.

Duties to be fulfilled by the President of Costa Rica

How important is it to know about Requirements to be President in Costa Rica, it should also be known through the Article 139 of the Political Constitution of Costa Rica (1949), the president must fulfill his work regarding the following functions:

  1. Appoint and freely change the ministers that make up the government.
  2. Represent the nation as head of state in official acts.
  3. To carry out the command of the public force.
  4. Show the Legislative Assembly, at the beginning of the first annual period of sessions, through a message that it must contain regarding the issues that concern the administration and the political state of the republic. Where it also has to promote the various measures of importance for the good running of the nation.
  5. Inform the Legislative Assembly when the president must leave the country, where he must clarify the reasons for his trip. (Amended by Law No. 5700 of June 6, 1975). You must request permission from the Legislative Assembly except when you must travel to the countries of Central America and Panama and the permission granted must not be exceeded in a period of more than ten days.

In addition to these functions, there are others that it performs jointly with the Minister of Government regarding the Article 140 of the Political Constitution of Costa Rica:

  1. Freely appoint the people who make up the public force, employees and officials, they are also freely removable for holding positions of trust.
  2. Appoint and change in accordance with the requirements provided by the Civil Service Law and the servers to which they depend.
  3. Decree and promulgate laws, regulations and ensure faithful compliance with them.
  4. Strengthen the order and tranquility of the nation, taking all the necessary safeguard measures for public liberties.
  5. Organize the collection of money from investments of national profits in accordance with the law.
  6. It must be the guarantor of the proper functioning of the administrative services.
  7. Preside over the respective international agreements of the nation.
  8. Serve the presidents of other nations as well as the various diplomatic representatives and Consuls of other countries.
  9. Request to the Legislative Assembly when necessary to ordinary and extraordinary sessions.
  10. Agree with the public forces on the proper safeguarding of the country’s defense and security order.
  11. Execute all duties mandated by the constitution and the law.

Knowing the Requirements to be President in Costa Rica You will be able to run for that important position in the country.

What limitations does the President have?

How there Requirements to be President in Costa Rica, Also If the president and his ministers do not comply with their duties and obligations, they have a series of limitations that are as follows. According Article 148 of the Political Constitution of Costa Rica (1949) The President of the Republic and his cabinet of ministers will be responsible for the misuse they make of any of the powers conferred by the Constitution.

With respect to Article 149 of the Political Constitution of Costa Rica (1949) highlights:

  1. When freedom is involved, the sovereignty of the nation.
  2. When they do everything possible to avoid popular elections either directly or indirectly or when they violate the law regarding alteration in the exercise of the presidency, also when it is suspected that the vote has not been transparent.
  3. If people impede the inherent functions of the Legislative Assembly.
  4. When there is a refusal to promulgate or execute the laws.
  5. When any law is violated, it is issued by the executive power by action or omission.

Also in the article 150 of the Political Constitution of Costa Rica (1949) highlights that the President of the Republic and the cabinet of ministers will be responsible for situations that do not involve crimes, they can only be sued when they are in the exercise of their functions and up to 4 years later who has ceased in their positions.

How is the President elected in Costa Rica?

The Supreme Electoral Tribunal of Costa Rica (TSE) is the entity in charge of organizing suffrage by means of universal, direct, secret and compulsory vote.

Elections for the office of president and vice president will be scheduled for the first Sunday in February of the year, which indicates that their positions should be changed. This is referred to through Article 133 of the Political Constitution of Costa Rica.

According to him Article 134 the presidential term will last for 4 years.

Public officials who violate the principle of alteration of the presidency or succession as indicated in this Constitution; They will be charged with treason and said charges do not prescribe.

The Central American country will have two vice presidents of the republic who will replace the president in his temporary absence; calling one of them to fill in, if neither of the two vice presidents. Through the Article 135 of the Constitution (1949)

The persons selected for the office of President and Vice President of the Republic will begin their mandate; on May 8 until your statutory period ends. Through the Article 136 of the Constitution (1949).

The president and vice president of the republic will take their oath of law in the assembly, but in case any moment or reason they cannot do it in that place, they will do so before the Supreme Court of Justice. With respect to Article 137 of the Constitution (1949)

The president and vice president of the nation will be elected in parallel by means of a majority of votes that cannot exceed 40% of the total votes counted.

Applicants for the office of president and vice president of a party must be registered for their election on the same list.

If none of the lists to be scrutinized reaches the indicated majority, a second popular election will be held, which must be held on the first Sunday in April of the same year between the two lists that have received the most votes; being elected the candidates who obtain the greatest number.

If, on the contrary, in the suffrage there are two lists that result with the same number of votes, the oldest candidate will be elected and the remaining candidate for vice president.

Political parties

To be a candidate for any popularly elected office, you need to be nominated by a well-constituted political party.

This must be registered with the Civil Registry, which is under the supervision of the TSE.

Costa Rican citizens over 18 years of age must vote directly on the cards for President and Vice President.

The candidacies in the Central American country are evidenced in two ways: uninominal and plurinominal.

In the case of the presidential elections, it is identified in the single-member region because a single person or a certain position is elected.

Type of vote used

People who have the right to vote have to know that their vote is unique, that is, they only vote once for the position to be elected.

It should be noted that the vote is free, that is, the decision is independent for each person. No one can force you who to vote for.
Votes counted as null or blank have no relevance to calculate 40% of the votes.

What is being a President?

A president in many countries is considered the head or head of a council, court, or board. In democratic governments the head of state is normally elected for a certain period. It can also be the case of the executive branch when the regime is presidential.

Since you know what it is to be a president, get ready and review the Requirements to be President in Costa Rica.


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