Requirements to Nationalize Peruvian: Steps, Options and MORE

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The Requirements to Nationalize Peruvian they are there so you know exactly what the limitations are when applying for citizenship. Consequently, it is very important that you take them into account, along with the procedure to do it, the options you have and the advantages that lie behind. Likewise, it is important to know what the difference is between naturalizing and naturalizing.

We will explain all this to you today, so that you know everything about How to Nationalize in Peru, so do not go away! Let’s see how you can become part of this incredible country, full of culture and places to explore.

What are the requirements to become a Peruvian citizen?

Let’s start with the Requirements to Nationalize Peruvian, because they are the basis of everything that will come later. Remember that each and every one of these must be taken into account at all times, because without complying with them you will not be able to nationalize yourself.

In general lines, you must belong to one of these groups:

By Origin

  • To have been born in the country, in the territory of the Republic. It can be that both parents are Peruvian or that only one is. Likewise, if neither parent has any nationality or if you were born without apparent parents and you are a minor, in a state of abandonment, you can also have Peruvian nationality.
  • They are also peruvian by birth those people who were born in the Exterior, whose parents are Peruvian by birth (or at least one of them), and who were registered in the Civil Registry before reaching the age of majority. Specifically, in the Births section of the Consular Office of Peru. This right is recognized only to descendants up to the third generation.

By Option

  • Being the son or daughter of foreign parents and having been born outside of Peru. In addition, reside in the country from five (05) years of age and request nationality to the competent authority when reaching the age of majority.
  • Be married or married with a Peruvian or Peruvian. In addition, you must reside in the country for at least two years and express the desire to obtain nationality to the competent authority. In case of acquiring it, you will not lose it either due to the death of your spouse or in the event of divorce.
  • To be born in foreign territory, with a Peruvian mother or father, and express the desire to be Peruvian after reaching the age of majority.

By Naturalization

  • Be a foreigner but have been living legally in the country for at least two years in a row. In addition, there are labor ties (You exercise a profession, trade, activity), and there is no criminal record. The people who apply must also have good conduct and moral standing.
  • People who served the Nation, residents in the territory of the Republic, and that in gratitude they are granted this honor by means of a Legislative Resolution.

Necessary documents

In this way, Documents necessary to nationalize you Peruvian, either because you are the child of a Peruvian mother or father, because you have lived in the country since the age of 05, because you are married or because you meet the requirements to be naturalized by naturalization, they are:

  • Form F-006.
  • Payment of the processing fee.
  • Nationality application letter. It should be addressed to Migrations.
  • Original Birth Certificate apostilled or approved by the Peruvian Consul of the jurisdiction where you were born and endorsed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
  • Valid passport, both the original and the copy.
  • Immigration card. The residence must be in force.
  • Affidavit of criminal, judicial and police records. The state of health and address must also be reflected.
  • Interpool Exchange Token.
  • Other documents that prove the legality of your stay in the country.

Other documents depending on the case they would be:

  • Birth certificate and ID of the Peruvian father or mother. It is also equivalent to the Registry of Peruvian Born Abroad. This if you are going to nationalize for being direct descendant.
  • Evidence that you reside in Peru since the five years old, legally. Clearly, if it is the case.
  • Original civil marriage certificate registered in the Reniec Civil Registries. Two years of marriage must be accredited and the document is only valid for one month (30 days). This if you are going to request the nationality by marriage.
  • Likewise, a copy of the original Birth Certificate, legalized by a notary, or a copy authenticated by the Federation of Immigration, of the Peruvian spouse. You must also present the DNI, where the address of residence must be the same as the one you declare.
  • Only in the case of nationalization by marriage, documents that prove the family income.
  • Written request addressed to the President of the Republic, according to the established model, to naturalization by naturalization. You must also present an evaluation, as well as financial solvency.

In the event that you are going to be nationalized abroad, they may ask for other documents at the Consulate. Also, this option is only available to minors.

Steps to Nationalize Peruvian

The Procedure to Nationalize Peruvian too easy. It consists of a few steps to carry out in that order. Let’s see what you should do,

  1. Approach the Office of National Superintendency of Migration and ask for all the requirements according to your particular characteristics. Also, you will need to schedule an appointment.
  2. Fill out the form and pay at the National bank the processing right for the amount corresponding to the current year. This will also depend on the type of nationalization.
  3. Bring all the requested documents on the day of the appointment.
  4. Return the Immigration card when the registration is done.
  5. Enjoy the advantages of being Peruvian.

If you are in another country, the procedure is basically the same and it is done at the Consulate of Peru. You must bear in mind that the children of Peruvians can be nationalized abroad only until they reach the age of majority. Then they must do so in the territory of the Republic.

Let us repeat that again:

The sons or daughters of a Peruvian mother or father who were born in another country can be nationalized at the Peruvian Consulate up to 18 years of age. After that, you must do it in Peru directly.

Please note that documents can change.

Options to Nationalize Peruvian

As you may have seen in the section on Requirements to Nationalize Peruvian, there are three options For which you can choose if you want to do this procedure: nationality by origin, nationality by option and nationality by naturalization.


These are reflected in the Law No. 26574 (Nationality Law), issued by the National Congress. By way of repetition, they are:

By Origin

  • To have been born in the country, in the territory of the Republic. It can be that both parents are Peruvian or that only one is. Likewise, if neither parent has any nationality or if you were born without apparent parents and you are a minor, in a state of abandonment, you can also have Peruvian nationality. (Art. 2)
  • They are also peruvian by birth those people who were born in the Exterior, whose parents are Peruvian by birth (or at least one of them), and who were registered in the Civil Registry before reaching the age of majority. Specifically, in the Births section of the Consular Office of Peru. This right is recognized only to descendants up to the third generation. (Art.2)

As for this second case, the procedure can be done at the Consulate of Peru of the country where you are, if you are abroad, as long as the applicant has not reached the age of majority.

By Option

  • Being the son or daughter of foreign parents and having been born outside of Peru. In addition, reside in the country since the age of five (05) and request nationality from the authority competent upon reaching the age of majority. (Art. 4)
  • Be married or married with a Peruvian or Peruvian. In addition, you must reside in the country for at least two years and express the desire to obtain nationality to the competent authority. In case of acquiring it, you will not lose it either due to the death of your spouse or in the event of divorce. (Art. 4)
  • To be born in foreign territory, with a Peruvian mother or father, and express the desire to be Peruvian after reaching the age of majority. (Art. 4)

By Naturalization

  • If you are a foreigner but have been living legally in the country for at least two years in a row. Also, you have labor ties (You exercise a profession, trade, activity), and you do not have a criminal record. The people who apply must also have good conduct and moral standing. (Art. 3)
  • People who served the Nation, residents in the territory of the Republic, and that in gratitude they are granted this honor by means of a Legislative Resolution. (Art. 3)

The Requirements to Nationalize Peruvian They are different for each type of nationalization, but the documents are essentially the same.

Advantage

The Advantages of acquiring Peruvian nationality they are numerous. All these must be taken into account because, in the event that it is your second nationality, it will allow you to enjoy the benefits that other citizens of the country enjoy, many that do not exist in your country.

Let’s see what are some of these advantages,

  • You will be able to work in positions such as civil servant. You can belong to the army, be a policeman and other jobs exclusively for Peruvians.
  • Enjoy all the free services offered by the State, including health services.
  • If you were born, you are Peruvian by birth, you can be president and even a congressman.
  • You can get a job a lot easier.
  • You can enjoy international treaties with which Peru has. For example is the Working Holiday Visa, an opportunity for you to visit Australia, Chile, Mexico, Colombia or New Zealand much easier, being able to work to finance your expenses.
  • You can apply for scholarships and do exclusive volunteering for citizens of Peru.
  • You will enjoy the same rights and duties as the rest of Peruvians.
  • You can give your partner nationality,
  • Lots of other things.

As you will see, they are factors to take into account. Without a doubt, all of these constitute very tangible benefits.

Differences between Nationalize and Naturalize

We think it is important to let you know the Differences between Nationalize and Naturalize. These two are usually confused, thinking that they are the same, when the reality is different. They are not synonymous, far from it.

As you have seen, you can nationalize as peruvian by

  • Origin.
  • Option.
  • Naturalization.

The nationalization It is carried out when the foreigner has some link with a Peruvian national. The naturalization when he wishes to be Peruvian despite not having a link with a Peruvian.

Thus, people who acquire nationality by naturalization are those who have been living in the country legally for at least two consecutive years, and have work ties.

Likewise, they are people of good conduct, without a criminal record and moral solvency. To a lesser extent, they are those that were nationalized by naturalization because Congress so ordered.

As you will see, it is not very difficult to understand. One emerges from the other and little else. However, they are not synonymous.

What is it?

We understand by Nationalize Peruvian the act of acquiring citizenship (or nationality, directly), by which the civil and legal relationship between a person and the Republic of Peru is declared.

As you have seen, it can be obtained in three ways: by birth, by option or by naturalization. Any of those is totally valid and the benefits once you get it are the same.

As you have seen, if you meet the Requirements to Nationalize Peruvian, the rest is extremely simple. So don’t waste your time anymore, start the procedures now!

See ya!

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