Voting Requirements: Documents, Waiver and MORE

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The Voting Requirements they are the first aspect that you must take into account if you want to enjoy this right. Likewise, knowing how to register to vote, where to do it and when there is an exemption from voting is very important.

Today we will be talking about all this and more, so that you know what you need at the time of Vote in Bolivia. Remember that voting is a right enjoyed by almost everyone in a country, through which they state their opinion and beliefs when choosing a candidate to run the country’s administration.

This is a very important practice and a sign that democracy is still in force. For that reason, you cannot miss this article!

What are the Voting Requirements?

Within the Voting Requirements There are a series of parameters that you must follow, along with certain documents that you have to present on voting day. All these you should consider from now on, so that on the indicated day you do not have problems in this regard.

Note that most of these requirements, if not all, are laid out in the Law No. 1346, in case you want to consult it personally. Let’s see!

  • Be of legal age (> 18 years).
  • Be registered or registered in the Civic Registry (Electoral Register). This registration is done in front of an electoral notary, at the Notary of the Electoral Jurisdiction closest to your place of residence, with your identity card. In addition, you must do so before forty-five (45) days prior to the elections.
  • Identity card, current and in good condition.
  • Not being within the group of people who cannot register on the electoral roll. We will talk about this later.
  • In the case of a Bolivian abroad, he must register at the authorized center and be over 18 years of age.

That’s basically it! As you can see, you don’t need much to vote. Of course, remember that exercising your right to vote is mandatory. If you register and do not go to vote, you could be penalized, in the event that you do not provide sufficient reasons. The same if you do not register.


People over the age of sixty (60) do not necessarily need to register.

On the other hand, it is important to know who cannot register in the Civic Registry, just to confirm that you are not in this group.

Who cannot vote?

Citizens who:

  • Be in Military service.
  • Be deaf-mute and cannot make themselves understood enough.
  • Are convicted of corporal punishment or have Writ of Fault or Statement of Charge.
  • They are condemned for violating the rights of citizens and their freedom, as well as compliance with the provisions of the Constitution.
  • They served the enemy side in times of war.
  • They carried out acts of fraud, fraudulent bankruptcy, misappropriation, tax fraud, and so on. These people must have been sentenced and sentenced to corporal punishment.
  • They agreed to work for a foreign government without prior authorization. Those who go in for religion, university, cultural reasons and international organizations are excluded from this point.

You can find this in the Art. 42 of the Political Constitution of 1967 and in the Art. 72 of the Electoral Law.

Documents Needed to Vote

With respect to Documents Needed to Vote, you will not need extravagant documents far from it. The truth is that the most tedious part of the process, if you like, is registering with the electoral roll. Of the rest, everything is very simple.

The Identity card It will be the document with which you can vote. This must be current and in good condition, so that your identity can be correctly verified and thus you can proceed to exercise your right to vote. If it is not current, you can use it if it has less than a year since its expiration.

Once you vote, you will be given a Suffrage Certificate. We will talk more about the voting process at the end of the article. For now, you should know that this is especially important because you will need it within the next ninety days to be able to:

  • Accept positions as a public official,
  • Receive wages or salaries, if you work in a company or state institution,
  • To process the passport,
  • Get loans.

It is an important document, in addition to being the proof that you exercised your right to vote.

Voting Requirements: Register

Register to Vote it is nothing more than the act of registering in the Civic Registry. It is a procedure that should not take you time, but it is the only one during the voting process for which you will have to mobilize (except for the elections themselves).

The Electoral Roll It is the list of all citizens who are authorized to vote in certain elections, as we can find it indicated in Art. 58 of the Electoral Law. To create it, the Civic Registry is used and, in case you did not know, being in this is required.

The only one exemption from voting in Bolivia It is for people over sixty (60) years of age, who can do so if they wish. In addition to, of course, those who cannot vote in accordance with the provisions of Art. 42 and Art. 72 of the Political Constitution and the Electoral Law, or for reasons beyond their control.

For enroll in the Civic Registry, you should only:

  • Go personally to the Notary of the Electoral Jurisdiction that is closest to your place of residence.
  • Indicate to the notary that you want to register, presenting your identity card.
  • This will proceed to carry out the procedure with a stamp and signature after registering your fingerprints.

Do you see how simple it is? Remember that you can only register before the 45 days before the elections start. That is to say, forty-five (45) days before the election the registration process will be closed and you will not be able to vote.

On the other hand yeah you changed your address, You must indicate it to the Notary corresponding to your new place of accommodation. This will do what is necessary so that you can vote near your home and be registered in the electoral roll.

Finally, the Bolivians residing abroad they will be able to participate in the presidential elections. They should only approach the centers authorized to do so, which can be consulted at the corresponding Bolivian Consulate or Embassy. The Voting Requirements must also be met.

Where Should I Vote?

The question of Where should I vote? Apparently it is very common for voters. The address, the place where you must vote, will be indicated by the notary who registers you in the Civic Registry. This will vary depending on your address. You will be assigned the one closest to your place of residence.

There are more than 1,600 enabled venues to accommodate nationwide elections. Most of these (71%) are in the provinces, while the rest (29%) are in the department capitals.

Voting will be done from 8:00 am to 4:00 pm. There can be queues, so take your precautions, especially if you have to move by car to the place.

Voting Requirements: Prohibitions

There are a number of Prohibitions nationwide you should know for Election Day. These can lead to sanctions or a ban on voting, so take your precautions.

  • No public or private services are offered on Election Day, only those of health agencies.
  • There is no movement of vehicles, only those authorized by the electoral body. Failure to do so is a penalty of a quarter of the current minimum wage.
  • The celebration of shows is prohibited, as well as travel between provinces and departments.
  • The take of photos when voting not only is it prohibited, but it is sanctioned with BS /. 600. In addition, the vote will be annulled.
  • There are no public acts of propaganda or on the part of the parties, the media and the citizens.
  • Weapons cannot be carried, even white ones. Only security officials can.
  • It is forbidden to transfer citizens from one precinct to another to vote.
  • There are no events, shows or meetings during voting.
  • Marketing or consuming alcohol is prohibited. People who sell at events will carry a fine of ten minimum wages, and those who consume sixty percent of the minimum wage. Not just on Election Day, but two days before and twelve hours after.

Annulment and suspension of the vote?

Not only is the vote annulled if you take a photo of your ballot, but there are other guidelines you must follow to prevent this from happening to you:

  • Don’t show your ballot.
  • Avoid making it known who you are voting for. Remember that the vote is secret.
  • You cannot turn in a different ballot than the one you were given.
  • If you vote accompanied by other personnel, unless it is for assisted vote.
  • You cannot sign up under threat or persuasion.

Jurors can suspend the voting process if they see it pertinent, due to various situations that may occur on the premises.

Voting in Bolivia

Finally, we will talk about how the process of Voting in Bolivia. In the case of presidential elections, once the Electoral Roll has been made, the parties have registered and launched their candidates, they have to carry out presidential campaigns, tours and debates.

When all this process ends, what the voter (you) must do on the corresponding day is:

  • Approach the venue assigned to you, from 8:00 am to 4:00 pm.
  • People who are pregnant, of legal age or with a disability (including illness) have priority when voting. If you do not present any of these conditions, you will vote after the ones that do.
  • When it touches you, present your identity card to the President of the table. Remember that it can only be one year from its expiration date, if that is the case.
  • Once your identity is confirmed, you will be able to access the voting ballot. In this you can enter your vote and then enter it in the corresponding box, taking into account the prohibitions.
  • You must sign in the Electoral Roll and place your fingerprint (thumb).
  • Finally, they will return your identity card and the corresponding Suffrage Certificate.

As you can see, it is extremely easy, and the process is the same for each election. You should only consider the Voting Requirements and you will be ready to complete this process. In the end, you will have expressed your preference in the group of parties, alliances and candidates that are being launched, which is your primary right as a Bolivian.

We hope we have helped you and see you next time!


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