Voting Requirements: Registration, Registration of Foreigners and MORE

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Do you know the Voting Requirements? Yes, as you heard. There are a series of requirements that you must have up to date to be able to vote in the elections that take place in your country.

At the same time, it is prudent to know the registration process, whether you are a national or a foreigner, as well as to know what it is in charge of and what are the ideals of the National Electoral Council (CNE) from Ecuador. And no, we did not forget to explain the importance of voting.

For this reason, today we bring you an article specially designed so that you acquire knowledge about all these aspects that are so relevant when it comes to exercise your right to vote. Do not go!

What are the requirements to vote in Ecuador?

The Voting Requirements they don’t really have much complexity. You probably already imagine or know what they are, and you are here to confirm that you have everything in order, especially if it is about voting for the first time. So do not worry, below we will tell you what they are:

  • First of all, you must be registered in the National Electoral Council (CNE) from Ecuador. This is a prerequisite for all people who wish to vote.
  • At the same time, you must be over 16 years of age. This should not be a surprise, but in order to be registered with the CNE you must be over this age, male or female, whatever your marital status. From the age of 18, voting is mandatory.
  • Identification document, with which you can vote on the day that corresponds to you. This document will allow you to verify that you are a voter, so it is also very important. It can be the Identity Card (CI) or the Passport. The period of validity of these documents is not taken into account.
  • Get closer to electoral precinct that you have been assigned, whether you are in the country or if you are in another. In the latter case, you must be registered with the Ecuadorian Consulate in order to vote.

It doesn’t matter if you citizenship or identity card is expired, since this is only intended to confirm the identity of the voter. It also does not need to be in perfect condition, just enough to achieve this goal.

Finally, if you are interested in knowing where you should vote, you can simply go to this link, which will redirect you to the website of the National Electoral Council. There you can also consult about the electoral process and the Customer Service channels.

Voting Requirements: Registration

The first requirement to vote deals with the Registration with the CNE. Registering is vital so that you can vote in other countries. People must approach specialized centers, fixed and mobile, with their identity documents.

There the registration is made and a center is assigned to them. In Ecuador, when you turn 16 you can vote optionally, the same thing happens at 17 years of age. However, when you turn 18, voting is mandatory until you turn 65.

Other people who vote in a way optional they are foreigners, adults over 65 years of age, active members of the National Police and the Armed Forces, Ecuadorians residing in another country. Also, people with disabilities or illiterate people.

According to 2019 figures, more than 600,000 people had optional vote, while more than 10 million people had to vote.

In addition, Ecuadorians have a ballot that each vote is updated and that it is required for some procedures. Even people deprived of liberty of liberty who do not have an enforceable conviction must vote.

However, and although it may surprise you, there is no registration for voters. They enter the system automatically through two lists: those with optional voting and those with compulsory voting.

The CNE publishes a electoral guide where you see where you have to vote. If you wish to change the address of the register, you must approach the official media available to the CNE with your identity document when the elections approach, throughout the year and only 30 days before the process begins.

The preparation of the electoral register (register) is in the hands of the Electoral Council, which uses the Civil Registry. This is made up of Ecuadorians over 16 years of age, including those outside the national territory.

To culminate, you should know that if you did not participate in the last four elections When you exercise your right to vote or carry out any procedure before the CNE in that same period, you must register to be able to vote in 2021. This is because you are in the passive electoral roll and therefore you do not appear as a voter or elector.

Basically you can do it in person or on-line. In person you only need your identity document and go to a provincial delegation of the CNE.

To do it in person, go to the website of Electoral Registry Consultation, follow the instructions. These are to fill out the form and upload the documents they ask for: completed and printed form, photo of the ID, photo of the face carrying the ID. You can also enter this link to find out if you are in the electoral register.

In this case, carrying out this procedure constitutes one of the Voting Requirements.

Ecuador’s CNE

The National Electoral Council (CNE) Ecuador is the body in charge of carrying out voting activities in the elections held in the country. Its headquarters are located in the capital, Quito, and by October 2020 it will be celebrating twelve years since its foundation.

Its president for this same year is Diana Atamaint, a politician with studies at the Universidad Andina Simón Bolívar and at the University of Cuenca. She was also employed by this first university, going on to work in the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, Aquaculture and Fisheries of Ecuador, as well as in Cantón Morona.

This council is made up of five people, which are chosen by means of a contest of merits and opposition. This is administered by the Council for Citizen Participation and Social Control and those elected remain for a period of six years, although every three years half must be renewed. Here the President and Vice President are elected.

In addition, this body has total financial and administrative independence, as established by the Constitution of Ecuador of 2008. Before it was created, the functions of this entity were carried out by the Supreme Electoral Tribunal (TSE), a body that no longer exists and was replaced by the CNE.

Their functions most relevant are:

  • Manage and plan the elections held in the Republic of Ecuador.
  • Punish political parties, as well as all candidates who violate the regulations related to elections.
  • Finally, it must carry out the process of registration and inspection of political parties and movements.

It is important that you know that it has twenty-four (24) Provincial delegations, with the purpose of decentralizing electoral services in the country. Together with the Contentious Electoral Tribunal, it forms the Electoral Function, which is one of the State’s attributions.

All Ecuadorians who want to exercise their right to vote must register with this body in order to do so. After all, this is the one designated for this task, as you just saw in the Voting Requirements.

Registration to Vote as a Foreigner

The Foreigners can vote in the country from the age of 16 if, and only if, they have been residing in the country for less than five years and they are registered in the Electoral Registry. It is an optional vote, that is, optional.

They will no longer be registered automatically, but as of 2021 they will have to do this compulsory procedure if they wish to vote.

In this way, you should approach the provincial electoral delegations, consulate or embassy, ​​or enter the website of the CNE.

In addition, you will have to present the following requirements:

  • Identity card and passport, both the
  • Immigrant visa in which legal residence in Ecuador is evidenced.

Those responsible will review these documents and proceed to register in the Foreigners Registration System. That’s it!


If you were part of the Electoral Registry of the year 2019, you are exempt from carrying out this procedure. The same occurs with people who participated in the 2009 and / or 2013 elections, as well as those who requested to be registered in the electoral register.

Importance of Voting

Which is the Importance of the Vote? Let us tell you that we consider this to be one of the most relevant rights for a citizen. In the first place, it can be a sign of democracy, that is, a sign that there is respect for the decisions of the people with respect to who is going to govern them.

Second, individually it allows you to express your opinion, suggestions and disagreements. It is a decision that carries enormous responsibility, since you will be influencing the choice of a candidate, someone who may or may not have the solutions to the country’s problems in mind.

In consecuense, as a voter it is your duty to investigate the ideals that the candidates follow, their political, academic and social trajectory, in a comprehensive way. In this way, you will be able to have the ability to support a candidate who is not just a campaign, but has a base of support for himself or herself.

It is not that you should not evaluate the proposals of all the candidates. It is also your responsibility to do it, to see which one best suits your ideals. Certainly you must know the background of all proposals, the ideology behind all these people, and then express an opinion.

So don’t miss out on voting. Suffrage is very important. Remember: you as a person have the power to influence the decision-making of who will be the ones who will run the administrative part of the State.

These people, in turn, take a series of measures that largely determine the situation in your country, which will affect you directly.

What is it?

As you may have already deduced so far, especially with what we told you previously, for Vote It is understood by the right enjoyed by all citizens of a country and even foreigners under certain conditions. By means of this an opinion is expressed, either of support or rejection, by a candidate.

The administration of the voting system is carried out by the National Electoral Council (CNE), as established in the Constitution of the Republic of Ecuador. This body is the central axis, together with the voters, of all the elections that are carried out in the country.

We hope we have helped you to know which ones Voting Requirements, as these must be taken into account together with the rest of the information that we have provided you today.

See you!


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