In every country there must be a leader who guides the people in any sphere, such as in the social sphere, in the political sphere and in the sphere of defense of the country. But like everything, to become a leader, as in this case to be a president, you have to meet some requirements.
For a country like Bolivia, the requirements to be President they will be explained below.
Requirements to be President of Bolivia
For a person, whether male or female, to be president, these are the requirements
- Have 30 years of age completed by the day of the election.
- Have resided in the country five years before the election.
- Have Bolivian nationality.
- Be of legal age.
- Having complied with military values in the case of being male.
- Not having an enforceable statement of charge, or an enforceable sentence in criminal matters, pending compliance
- Not be committed or compromised in the cases of prohibition and incompatibility established in the constitution.
- Be registered or enrolled in the electoral roll.
- Not have a history of violence against a woman or any member of her family who has an enforceable sentence as res judicata.
Documents to run for President
If you meet the requirements mentioned above, you must also have these documents that are part of the requirements to be president in Bolivia
- Original and updated birth certificate.
- Voluntary statement before a notary Public faith.
- Photocopy of the identification document (the ID)
- Original and legalized photocopy of the military service book (in any of its modalities) or valid document or document issued by the competent unit.
- Certificate of information on solvency of the treasury issued by a State comptroller general in original and updated
- Criminal record report issued by the national criminal department under the council of the magistracy, in original and updated.
- Updated certificate issued by the civic registry service (SERECI)
- Certificate issued by the plurinational comprehensive system for the prevention, attention, punishment and eradication of violence due to its generation – SIPPASE OF THE MINISTRY OF JUSTICE.
Steps to be President
To be president in Bolivia you have to carry out a series of steps:
The first thing to do is gather the documents and requirements to be president of the Bolivian multinational.
Run for President
To apply, you must have the support of a political party and you must deliver the documents to be president in the electoral court.
How to fill out the Presidency application form?
The form is very simple, you only have to enter personal data such as full name, age, address, identity card number, time and day of application.
To fill out the form, you must bring two witnesses to attest to the candidacy for president.
Election of Presidents
- Organize the election process
- Manage how and when they will do the lessons.
- Electoral processes are carried out.
- It is proclaimed the
- It publishes on the OEP electronic portal on the Internet the results and disaggregated data of electoral processes, referendums and mandate revocations of national scope.
- Any incident that may have occurred in the electoral process is reported and informed to the Technical Oversight Unit.
It should happen after the elections
During that day, Sunday January 27, The circulation of motorized vehicles will not be suspended, nor will daily activities be suspended.but there will be voting precincts to which only registered members of each political party may attend.
The Supreme Electoral Tribunal (TSE) will have a term up to seven days after the vote to announce the winners, who will automatically become the presidential pairings of each organization. Only in case of death or a very serious illness will they stop participating in the general elections, which will be in October 2019
seizure of power
A solemn act is held with the new president carrying the symbolism of the president before the National Congress
Duties of a President:
- Hold the representation of the organization.
- Call the ordinary and extraordinary sessions of the Governing Board and set the agenda.
- Preside, suspend and adjourn its sessions.
- Moderate the development of the debates and settle the ties with their casting vote.
- Develop economic management in accordance with the approved budget.
- Endorsing the minutes and certifications of the agency’s agreements.
- Exercise the necessary legal actions in defense of the interests of the organization, informing the Governing Board in the first session it holds.
- Resolve claims prior to civil or labor proceedings.
- Adopt, in cases of urgency, the necessary measures in those matters that are the responsibility of the Governing Board, reporting to it in the first session it holds.
- Hire staff at the service of the agency and sign employment contracts.
- Prepare the liquidation of the budget and submit it to the President of the City for his approval.
- Recognize the obligations derived from previously approved expenses and order the payments.
- Hire works, services and supplies for a duration not exceeding one year and not exceeding 10 percent of the regular resources of the budget.
- Prepare the report, the draft budgets and their modifications and the inventory of
- Negotiate the collective agreement with the staff, proposing its approval to the Governing Board.
- Prepare and propose to the Governing Board the organization’s staff and the list of jobs.
- The functions that the Governing Board delegates to it.
- Sign agreements with public or private entities tending to the good end of tax management.
- How many others are not expressly attributed to the Governing Board of the organization.
Term of office of a President
In Bolivia a president lasts a period of 4 years in power.
What powers does the President control?
The power that the president has in Bolivia is the executive power
Is presidential re-election allowed?
Yes, even the current president has been re-elected 3 times and he is going to run again in these next elections.
Current President of Bolivia
The current president of Bolivia is Evo Morales.
Where to go to run for the Presidency of Bolivia?
To run for president in Bolivia, you must go to the supreme electoral court.
For the Presidency and Vice Presidency of the Plurinational State are elected
by a national constituency. In the event that no presidential candidate reaches more than 50% of the validly cast votes; or a minimum of 40%, with a difference of 10% compared to the second most voted candidacy, a second electoral round will be held.
For the Senate, they will be elected in 9 departmental constituencies with four seats each. The proportional system will be used.
For the Chamber of Deputies, they will be elected in 9 departmental constituencies distributed in single-member, multi-member and special seats. Multi-member seats will be assigned in each department through the proportional system. In each single-member constituency, a simple majority vote will be elected; in the event of a tie, a second round will be held. In the special seats it will be by simple majority of valid votes with a second round in the event of a tie.
Electoral schedule 2018 – 2019
- October 19 – Call for presidential primary elections.
- October 24 – Closing of the delivery of militant books.
- November 13 – Presentation of the electoral alliance request.
- November 23 – Last day to obtain the legal status of political organization in process.
- November 28 – Registration of presidential primary election candidates.
- December 8 – Publication of qualified candidates for presidential primary elections.
- January 27 – Presidential primary elections.
Candidates for presidents in Bolivia 2019
President of the Socialist Movement
Evo Morales: On November 30, 2017, he announced his candidacy for the
elections of 2019. This candidacy is considered unconstitutional since the current rulers lost the referendum verified on February 21, 2016, in which the country was consulted if it agreed to modify article 168 of the Constitution to thus allow the re-nomination of the current leaders; in the consultation the No was imposed with 52% compared to 48% of the Yes, for which reason President Evo Morales and Vice President Álvaro García Linera are disqualified as candidates in the 2019 elections
Chairman of the Christian Democratic Party
Jaime Paz Zamora: On Monday, October 22, he presented his candidacy supported by the PDC and the Movimiento de Izquierda Revolucionaria (MIR).
President of the Left Revolutionary Front
Carlos Mesa: the former president of the Republic announced on October 6 his presidential candidacy with the support of the Left Revolutionary Front (FRI)
President of the Third System Movement
Felix Patzi: On October 1, 2018, after the Supreme Electoral Tribunal approved the legal status of the Movimiento Tercer Sistema (MTS) party, he announced his candidacy for president and that he would run without making alliances with other opposition parties.
President Civic Solidarity Unit
Victor Hugo Cardenas: The former vice president confirmed on November 14, 2018 his candidacy for the presidency for the Unidad Cívica Solidaridad party.
Why has Evo Morales been in power in Bolivia for 12 years and wants more?
FOR: BBC WORLD 22 JANUARY 2018.
He is celebrating 12 years in power, something that was almost unthinkable when he became president. How did he do it? Why does he want him more time?
In the mid-1990s, when many thought that his fate would be jail or the cemetery, Evo Morales already predicted that he was going to be president.
What he did not anticipate at that time was that he would reach 12 uninterrupted years as Bolivia’s president, which will take place on January 22.
It is quite a record for the checkered history of that country, but to the «first indigenous president» it seems insufficient.
He himself already said it in December of last year: «Now I am decided, I am going to be a candidate in 2019.»
If he succeeds, Morales, 58, will remain in power until 2025, no less.
Entities responsible for the Bolivian elections
In Bolivia there are entities that are in charge of the suffrages and here you can see what they are and what their functions are
Plurinational Electoral Body (OEP)
The Plurinational Electoral Body (OEP) is one of the four organs of public power of the Plurinational State of Bolivia, with equal constitutional hierarchy to that of the Legislative, Executive and Judicial Bodies. The OEP enjoys functional autonomy and independence from other State bodies, with which it relates, cooperates and coordinates on the basis of independence and the separation of powers for the proper exercise of its powers and powers. (Articles 2 and 4, Law No. 018 of the Electoral Body)
The powers of the OEP are to administer the democratic regime, the civic registry and electoral justice; supervise political organizations and organize, administer and execute electoral processes. The integrity of the structure of the Electoral Body is the basis for ensuring compliance with its electoral function exclusively throughout the national territory and in electoral seats located abroad.
The essential function of the OEP is to guarantee the exercise of the Intercultural Democracy of the Plurinational State of Bolivia, which is based on the complementarity of direct and participatory, representative and community democracies. (Articles 1 and 5, Law No. 018)
The OEP is made up of the Supreme Electoral Tribunal; the Departmental Electoral Tribunals; the Electoral Courts; the Juries of the Voting Tables and the Electoral Notaries. (Art. 3, Law No. 018)
Supreme Electoral Tribunal (TSE)
The Supreme Electoral Tribunal (TSE) is the highest level of authority of the OEP (Art. 206 of the CPE) based in the city of La Paz, and its Highest Executive Authority (MAE) is the Plenary Chamber, which adopts its decisions and resolutions with the absolute majority of members in office in public sessions, except those declared confidential according to the Internal Regulations. Its decisions are binding, unappealable and irreviewable, except in matters that fall within the scope of the jurisdiction and competence of the Plurinational Constitutional Court. (Articles 11 and 17, Law No. 018)
The TSE is made up of seven members, of which at least two are of peasant indigenous origin, and at least three are women, who perform their functions for a period of six years. (Art. 12, Law No. 018)
The TSE provides assistance to citizens through the Civic Registry Service (SERECI), the Intercultural Service for Democratic Strengthening (SIFDE) and the Technical Oversight Unit (UTF).
Functions of the OEP and of the Supreme Electoral Tribunal
Non-delegable and non-transferable powers of the OEP
According to article 6 of Law No. 018, the powers of the OEP are:
- Organization, direction, supervision, administration, execution and proclamation of results of electoral processes, referendums and mandate revocations; supervision of prior consultation processes; observation and monitoring of assemblies and councils; and execution of electoral processes of civil society organizations and public and private universities that request technical service.
- Regulation and control of internal elections of leaders and candidacies of political organizations; in addition to supervising compliance with statutory norms and own procedures in the election, designation or nomination of authorities, representatives and candidacies of native indigenous peasant nations and peoples, and public service cooperatives.
- Application of the regulations on the recognition, organization, operation, extinction and cancellation of political organizations; resolution of electoral controversies; and regulation and supervision of the patrimony, origin and management of economic resources of political organizations.
- Regulation and control of the propaganda expenses of political organizations; electoral propaganda in the media; preparation and dissemination of opinion studies with an electoral effect, and design, execution and coordination of national strategies and plans for the strengthening of intercultural democracy.
- Organization and administration of the Civic Registry Service (SERECI).
Responsibilities and obligations of the Supreme Electoral Tribunal (TSE)
Article 208 of the CPE and article 23 of Law No. 018 authorize the TSE to:
- Organize and manage the Civil Registry and the Electoral Register; guarantee responsible and transparent management of resources, and ensure full access to management information for purposes of participation and social control.
- Guarantee effective suffrage for the exercise of political, individual and collective rights; to safeguard the exercise of intercultural democracy throughout the territory of the Plurinational State; verify in all phases of the electoral processes the strict compliance with the principle of equivalence, parity and alternation between men and women in the presentation of candidacies of national scope; and solve with efficiency, effectiveness, speed and probity all the administrative, technical-electoral and contentious-electoral procedures of its knowledge.
- Organize, manage and execute electoral processes, proclaim their results; publish on the electronic portal of the OEP on the Internet the results and disaggregated data of electoral processes, referendums and revocation of mandates of national scope; of electoral processes of civil society organizations and public and private entities, and the reports of the Technical Oversight Unit.
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