Every four years, the Republic of Chile elects a new ruler for its Country by exercising its right to vote. The person running for this position must meet certain requirements and accept the majority in the democratic process.
In accordance with the provisions of the Political Constitution of the Republic of Chile, the President will be elected by direct vote and by an absolute majority of the validly cast votes, that is, 50% + 1 vote.
Requirements to be President in Chile
According to what the Article 25 of the Political Constitution of the Republic of ChileTo be elected president of the Republic of Chile, you must have the following profile:
- Have Chilean nationality
- Be 35 years old
- Possess the other qualities necessary to be a citizen with the right to vote, such as not having afflictive penalties
How is a President elected in Chile?
The election of the President of the Republic must be held in an estimate of every four years, since this period of time is what a Presidential term lasts.
Elections must be held on the third Sunday of November of the year prior to the one in which the person exercising the Presidency of the Republic must leave his mandate.
The number of nominated candidates that appear before the elections can be variable. All candidates who meet the requirements imposed by the Electoral Service to register their candidacy and with the establishment according to the Constitution establishes to be President of the Republic (be Chilean, be 35 years old, and be a citizen with the right to vote).
According to article 26, the Political Constitution of Chile establishes:
The President of the Republic will be elected by direct vote and by an absolute majority of the validly cast votes. The election will be held jointly with that of parliamentarians, In the manner determined by the respective constitutional organic law, on the third Sunday of November of the year prior to the one in which the person in office must cease to function.
What are the functions of a President?
The responsibilities or functions that a President must exercise are those indicated in the following lines:
- Call the ordinary and extraordinary sessions of the Governing Board and set the agenda.
- Show representation of the body
- Preside, suspend and adjourn their sessions
- Moderate the development of the debates and derive the ties with their casting vote.
- Develop economic management in accordance with the approved budget.
- Endorse the minutes and certifications of the body’s agreements
- Resolve claims prior to civil or labor litigation.
- Take the necessary legal actions in defense of the interests of the organization, reporting to the Governing Board, in the first session held.
- Adopt, in urgent cases, the necessary measures in those matters that fall within the competence of the Governing Board, reporting to it at the first session held.
- Take care of the collection of public income and decree their investment in accordance with the Law.
- Appoint the Comptroller General of the Republic with the agreement of the Senate
- Appoint the magistrates and judicial prosecutors of the Courts of Appeal and legal judges, at the proposal of the Supreme Court and the Courts of Appeals, respectively; to the members of the Constitutional Court that corresponds to designate, to the magistrates and judicial prosecutors of the Courts of Appeals and to the legal judges, of the Supreme Court and of the National Prosecutor.
- Grant particular pardons in the cases and forms determined by the Law
- Conduct political relations with foreign powers and international organizations, as well as carry out negotiations, conclude, sign and ratify the treaties that they issue suitable for the interests of the country, which must be submitted to the approval of the Congress
- Appoint and remove the Commander-in-Chief of the Army of the Navy, the Air Force and the General Director of the Carabineros, and order the appointments, promotions and retirements of the Officers of the Armed Forces and Carabineros in the manner indicated in the Constitution. .
- Assume in case of war, the supreme leadership of the armed forces.
Limitations of the President
As indicated in Article 26 of the Chilean Constitution, the President of the Republic must be elected by direct vote and by an absolute majority of the validly cast votes.
If more than two candidates are presented for the election of President of the Republic and none of them obtains more than half of the validly cast votes, a second ballot will be carried out, which will be limited to the candidates who have obtained the two highest corresponding majorities, and the one of the candidates who manages to obtain the highest number of votes will be elected. This new vote will be verified, in the manner established by law, on the fourth Sunday after the first one was made.
For the purposes of the provisions of the two preceding paragraphs, blank and null votes will be considered as not cast.
In the event of the death of one or both of the candidates referred to in the second paragraph, the President of the Republic shall call a new election within a period of ten days, counted from the date of death. The election will be held ninety days after the call if that day corresponds to a Sunday. If not, it will take place on the Sunday immediately following.
If the term of the President of the Republic in office expires before the date of assumption of the President who is elected in accordance with the preceding paragraph, the rule contained in the first entry of the Article 28.
How much does a President earn in Chile?
The person that the Chilean citizens select as the President of the Republic of Chile, will be at the public service of the nation but will also have some benefits for their work, when they begin to perform their position, the salary corresponding to grade A of the Single Scale of Salaries (EUS) of the Public Administration created by decree of Law No. 249.
The President of the Republic will have bonuses such as: The gross monthly remuneration, this includes base salary, allowances and representation bases, and without considering legal or mandatory discounts, such as taxes and social security impositions. As of 2018, it amounts to CLP $ 10,154,157
How long is the term of a Chilean President?
The term of the President of the Republic must last 4 years, according to the 1980 Constitution, in its original text, it had set a period of 8 years without the possibility of immediate reelection, but the constitutional reform of 1989 established that a first transactional presidential term of four years.
And a return to the eight-year mandate, so that the prohibition for the next period is maintained in both situations. However, with the constitutional reform of the year 1994 The period was reduced from eight years to six years, in which immediate reelection would not be exercised.
Then with the reforms of the 2005 the presidential mandate was left with a time to be exercised in a period of four years without the possibility of reelection in the following period.
At 2018 the conciliation Chile Vamos made a presentation of a bill allowing immediate presidential reelection and reducing the number of parliamentarians. This project is currently under evaluation for approval.
Current President of Chile
Currently, since March 11, 2018, the President of the Republic of Chile is Sebastian Piñera Echeniquand a Business Engineer with a major in Economics who studied at the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. He also graduated as a Master and Doctor of Economics from Harvard University, United States.
In 1973 Piñera made his trip to the United States to study at Harvard University, where apart from being one of the students he became an assistant professor where he claims to have been able to appreciate the value of freedom, democracy and the opportunities of a country like the United States.
In 1973 he married Cecilia Morel Monten, who was a family and youth counselor at the Carlos Institute. Casanueva and Graduate in Family and Human Relations from the Universidad Mayor and who is currently the First Lady of the Republic of Chile, together they are the parents of four children, two girls and two boys, their names: Sebastian, Cristobal, Cecilia and Magdalena, the four professionals.
He was the Consultant of the Inter-American Development Bank (BDI) in the period 1974-1976), consultant of the World Bank in the year (1975-1978); and work at the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC). In this last institution I participate in a project entitled «Map of poverty in Latin America and policies to overcome it.»
Later, President Piñera also serves as director of the Fundación Avanzada Chile, this foundation is the medium where you work for the development of an open debate on seeking to expand great ideas and good public policies. Through this activity Piñera intends to expand the freedoms and opportunities of all Chileans for the advancement of a democratic, just, pluralistic, fraternal and prosperous society. This is how he stands out through his Biography.
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