A Councilor in Colombia, must have commitment and social responsibility, so its function must be oriented to the needs of your locality.
What is a Councilor?
In colombia a Councilor is a citizen born in the country or nationalized, which is democratically elected to form part of a Municipal or District Corporation, or what is the same a Municipal Council.
A Councilor must gather the following characteristics:
- Has to be a public servant.
- You should know that it is not considered a public employee.
- You will earn a salary for his attendance at the Council sessions and he is not entitled to social benefits or per diem, since he is not a public employee.
- It will be responsible for the fulfillment of its mission.
- He is a member of a Council.
- Comes to office by direct choice and democratic for a period of 4 years. It must be chosen by the residents of your municipality.
- It exercises its mission in a collegiate manner. It is not an individual or private function. Your role should be geared to the needs of your locality.
- Must have commitment and social responsability.
- As well as, it has to have ethics and conscience citizen because it handles public funds.
Which are a counsellor’s functions?
Among the functions to be performed by a Councilor, they find each other:
- Comply with the tasks entrusted to him by the Council or the Local Authorities.
- Cooperate effectively in planning municipal programs for the social and economic development of the town.
- Distribute the global remittance assigned by the municipal budget, to meet the needs of your locality.
- Establish investment proposals, before the national, district or municipal authorities, in charge of preparing the investment plans.
- Monitor and control that the provision of public services in your locality is fulfilled.
- Demand the account report of the entities and companies that are subsidized by the municipality, to avoid misappropriation and diversion of public money.
- Appoint the Mayor, if the position is vacant.
- Inspect the activities carried out by the Mayor and present information and suggestions, if necessary.
Requirements to be a Councilor in Colombia
Among the requirements to qualify for the election of Councilor in Colombia it is required:
1.- Be a practicing citizen.
2.- Being born or living in the corresponding municipality, for a period of 3 consecutive years on any date or during the 6 months, prior to the date of registration for councilor.
3.- Be over 25 years of age.
4.- Be nominated by a party or a political group.
5.- Not being included in the reasons contemplated by law to be disqualified to exercise the position; among these reasons are:
- In the past, having been sentenced to a court sentence or having been deprived of liberty.
- Another point, is to have had contracts with public entities for your own benefit or the benefit of other people.
- Having been a public employee or official worker during the last 6 months before the election.
- And even have Represented entities that are in charge of administering taxes or State contributions.
How are Councilors elected?
The number of Councilors to be elected in each Municipality o District is different.
This difference depends on: the number of inhabitants that the municipality has and of the income of the same.
Councilors they are not elected by majority vote.
Here the amount of charges to choose is presented, depending on the number of inhabitants.
Amount of charges to choose
Number of Inhabitants
|No more than 5,000|
|From 5001 to 10,000|
|From 10,001 to 20,000|
|From 20,001 to 50,000|
|From 50,001 to 100,000|
|From 100,001 to 250,000|
|From 250,001 to 1,000,000|
|1,000,001 or more.|
Each group or political party presents the list of the candidates, taking into account the number of positions to be elected in the locality, according to the law.
To ensure that there is equitable representation of political parties, The Distribution Figure System is used and the Threshold.
The Threshold is the minimum number of votes obtained for a list.
The Electoral Quotient is sought, dividing the number of valid votes by the number of positions to be elected.
Threshold is obtained by dividing the Electoral Quotient by 2. This cannot be less than 50%.
Lists that do not exceed the Threshold, are removed.
For the Distribution Cipher System The lists that exceeded the Threshold are ordered from highest to lowest, drawing up the table with the results matrix, always taking into account the number of positions to choose from.
The Distribution Figure It is the result of dividing the total votes of each list by one, two, two, three or more; according to the number of councilors or seats to choose. These results are ordered in descending order.
Highest results are selected of each list taking into account the number of positions to choose. When the result that is in accordance with the number of positions to be chosen is taken, the lower is the Distribution Figure.
To know how many seats were obtained, the number of votes obtained is divided by the Figure. Distributor.
Example: Suppose only 2 Lists obtained the required Threshold. List A that obtained 168,000 votes and List B that obtained 145,000 votes. 7 positions will be chosen because the municipality has 5,004 inhabitants.
The Electoral Quotient is sought. Whole numbers are always taken into account.
The total votes for each list are divided by one, two, three, four, five, six and seven, because it is the total of positions to choose. As demonstrated in the table below.
|LIST A||LIST B|
I know take into account the first 7 scores highest between the two Lists. These would be 162,000, 145,000, 81,000, 72,000, 54,000, 48,000 and 40,000. Well, there are 7 seats to choose from.
The Electoral Quotient is 40,000, because it is the smallest number.
The total votes for each list are divided Enter the distributing number to find out how many councilors each list obtained.
As List A obtained 162,000 votes it would have 4 elected Councilors and List B that obtained 145,000 votes obtained 3 elected Councilors.
What is the importance of Councilors?
For the functions performed by a councilor and due to its characteristics, it is of utmost importance for the municipality because:
- Is a public servant and as such it provides a service of social utility to the citizens of its locality.
- To be elected you must live in the community and for that reason he knows the reality of it well, so his work is oriented according to the needs experienced.
- Perform a local function, This makes it easier for you to get to work in your area.
- Is the person that has the most direct contact with the citizen and therefore knows the problems of first source, presented by the locality
- To the know the problems directly the planning of policies to solve them is facilitated.
- After planning, is in charge of presenting the budget so that the economic resources are contributed and start solving the problems.
- He is in charge of directly supervising that the public services are fulfilled in your locality.
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