Before holding presidential elections, or why not, running for president, it is important to know; the RRequirements to be President of Colombia.
In this sense, it is important to know that the president of a country is the one who represents the supreme administrative authority, that is; holds the political office of the country.
The president of Colombia is the leader of the executive branch of the national government.
In the same vein, Colombia has had fifty-nine (59) presidents without counting those appointed to that position.
What are the requirements to be President of Colombia?
According to article 191 of the Magna Carta, it is established that the requirements to be president of Colombia are the following:
- To be Colombian by birth.
- It is required to be a practicing citizen.
- Be over thirty years old.
Who cannot be President of Colombia?
In the Magna Carta of Colombia in its article number 197 the prohibitions that must be kept in mind when applying for said position are detailed, they are detailed below:
- To have served as Vice President one year prior to the election.
- Hold any of the following positions:
- Magistrate of; the Supreme Court of Justice, Constitutional Court, State Council, National Commission for Judicial Discipline.
- Member of the Commission of Assessors or the National Electoral Council.
- Attorney General of the nation.
- Comptroller General of the Republic.
- Attorney General of the Nation.
- National Registrar of Civil Status.
- Commander of the Military Forces.
- Auditor General of the Republic.
- Director General of the Police.
- Governor of department or Mayor.
- Have dual nationality. (Unless you were born in Colombia)
- Having been sentenced by judicial sentence to imprisonment. (Except for political or culpable crimes).
It is important to bear in mind that political crimes are acts that violate the Constitution causing a constitutional disorder as established in it, which obviously results in the temporary loss of freedom.
On the other hand, culpable crimes are those that are committed by the recklessness of citizens, that is, they do not do it with the intent to commit a crime, therefore, it is not considered a motive that prevents a citizen from being president.
Can You Be President Without Having A University Degree?
In relation to the aforementioned, it is important to clarify that there is no academic requirement for people who wish to run to be elected presidents of Colombia.
Even when it is not necessary to have university degrees to preside over Colombia, it is undoubted that the more prepared the individual is, the more opportunities the country and the population that lives in it will have.
For Colombians, the value of equality in a democracy is fundamental, because it is present day by day in its Magna Carta and therefore, in their daily lives. That is why there are no demands on the academic issue, since they bet on equality in all senses.
How long does the mandate last?
The Constitution of Colombia establishes that all citizens over eighteen (18) years of age who are not part of the public force, are not in
interdiction processes, and who have not been convicted can exercise their right to vote.
The president is elected by direct suffrage by the citizens of Colombia, without the right to reelection, however, in the 1991 Constitution reelection was not allowed and in the reform carried out in 2004 that allowed a single reelection, for later in the year 2.015, this reform will be disabled.
The duration of the mandate is four (04) years His right to reelection, and the powers in charge of attesting to said election are; The National Registry of Civil Status and the National Electoral Council.
The number of votes will define the winner of the presidential votes, where the one who obtains the majority of them, that is, 50% of the totality of the votes plus one (01) will be the elected citizen.
In the event that none of the candidates obtains the number of votes mentioned above, a second round will be held in which only the two (02) candidates with the highest score will participate and the winner will be the one with the highest number of votes.
What are the functions of the President of Colombia?
Before choosing a candidate to run for president of your country, it is important to know what their functions are and in this way to be able to determine if the individual is suitable or not for the position, in this sense, in article 115 of the Political Constitution of Colombia indicates:
In Legal Matters:
- Appoint and remove freely the Ministers of the Office and the Directors of Administrative Departments.
- Direct international relations, that is, appoint diplomatic and consular agents, receive the respective agents, and celebrate treaties or agreements with other States and entities of international law that will be submitted to Congress for approval.
- Direct the public force and have it as Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces of the Republic.
- Preserve public order throughout the territory and reestablish it where it is disturbed.
- Direct war operations when deemed convenient.
- Provide for the external security of the Republic, defending the independence and honor of the Nation and the inviolability of the territory; declare war with permission of the Senate, or wage war without authorization to repel foreign aggression; and to agree and ratify the peace treaties, all of which will be reported immediately to Congress.
- Allow, in recess of the Senate, after the opinion of the Council of State, the transit of foreign troops through the territory of the Republic.
- Install and close the sessions of Congress in each legislature.
- Pass the laws.
- Promulgate the laws, obey them and ensure their strict compliance.
- Exercise the regulatory power, through the issuance of decrees, resolutions and orders necessary for the compliance of the laws.
- Present a report to Congress, at the beginning of each legislature, on the actions of the Administration, on the execution of economic and social development plans and programs, and on the projects that the Government intends to carry out during the term of the new legislature.
- Appoint the presidents, directors or managers of the national public establishments and the persons who must carry out national jobs whose provision is not by competition or does not correspond to other officials or corporations, according to the Constitution or the law. In any case, the Government has the power to freely appoint and remove its agents.
- Create, merge or eliminate, in accordance with the law, the jobs required by the central administration, indicate their special functions and set their endowments and emoluments.
In Financial Matters its functions are:
- Delete or merge national administrative entities or bodies in accordance with the law.
- Modify the structure of the Ministries, Administrative Departments and other national administrative entities or bodies, subject to the general principles and rules defined by law.
- Distribute businesses according to their nature, among Ministries, Administrative Departments and Public Establishments.
- Grant permission to national public employees who request it, to accept, on a temporary basis, positions or grants from foreign governments.
- Confer degrees to members of the public force and submit for approval of the Senate those that correspond in accordance with article 173 of the Constitution.
- Ensure the strict collection and administration of public income and funds and decree their investment in accordance with the laws.
- Exercise the inspection and surveillance of hope in accordance with the law.
- Exercise the inspection and surveillance of the provision of public services.
- Celebrate the contracts that correspond to it subject to the Constitution and the law.
- Exercise, in accordance with the law, inspection, surveillance and control over people who carry out financial, stock market, insurance activities and any other related to the management, use or investment of resources captured from the public. Likewise, on cooperative entities and mercantile companies.
- Organize the Public Credit; recognize the national debt and fix its service; modify tariffs, rates and other provisions concerning the customs regime; regulate foreign trade; and to intervene in financial, stock market, insurance and any other activities related to the management, use and investment of memories from the savings of third parties in accordance with the law.
There are circumstances that lead to the office of the presidency being empty, this can occur due to: death, resignation and dismissal in the case of absolute, and in the case of incapacity it would be due to physical incapacity or abandonment of office, the last two indicated by the Senate.
Who is the current President of Colombia?
The presidential elections were held on Sunday, May 27, 2018, where, motivated by the fact that none of the candidates reached 50% of the votes, a second electoral round was held, where Iván Duque Márquez was elected, who will govern for a period of four years as indicated by the Constitution of Colombia.
His four-year term began to run from August 7, 2018 and will end on August 7, 2022, taking into account that he cannot be reelected as established by the Congress of the Republic in 2015.
Finally, it is important to know the requirements to be president of Colombia, to verify if the candidate you want to choose is a person legally qualified for that position.
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