The certificate of origin is crucial for the correct processing of merchandise, both for import and export. What should you know about this certificate?
Requirements for the certificate of origin
- register in the ECUAPASS through the websiteselect the option REQUEST FOR USEor register through the websites of FEDEXPOR or cameras authorized by the MIPRO for their issuance.
- Generate the affidavit «DJO“,already in ECUAPASSselect the “single window” menu, option ELABORATION OF DJO.
- Make the certificate of origin, within the «one-stop shop» menu, «CO preparation» option, complete the online form and then fill in the MIPRO.
- if you choose FEDEXPOR or the cameras, to perform the you must enter the system from the respective website and fill out the form to later withdraw the physical certificate.
The aforementioned requirements are established in the Single Text of Administrative Procedures of the Ministry of Foreign Trade and are the following:
- Clear photocopy of the export invoice correctly filled out.
- Sworn declaration for the product (use the format indicated by the Ministry of Foreign Trade) for the analysis of the qualification of the product for its next export or import.
- Photocopy of the RUC.
- Copy of the form issued by Sunat and its cancellation from the company in question.
There are different kinds of certificates, depending on the country of origin of the exports. In addition to this, said export product must meet the requirements to issue a certificate of origin.
- Origin criteria.
- Conditions to issue them.
- Convincing and proven evidence of correct compliance with the requirements developed in a) and b).
Classification of a merchandise as of origin.
The criteria of origin to apply are CAP. II Art. 2 literals from a) to f) of Decision 416 of the CAN, in summary:
- Product produced in greater percentage by countries with trade agreement.
- Merchandise manufactured with materials originating in the member countries of the aforementioned trade agreement.
- Articles that in their manufacture include raw materials from other countries not included in the trade agreement, when in any case, the result is the product of a sufficient transformation process.
For the benefit of an agreed preference, the requirement is subdivided into two; The first is to avoid exceeding the maximum percentage limit of imported materials in its manufacture. Second, ensure that the percentage contained is not below the required minimum of domestic components.
Formula applied to:
REGIONAL VALUE CONTENT:
VCR= FOB Value (VT) – CIF Value (VMN) x100
Total Value (export)
Some classes of wholly obtained products.
- Derived from or obtained from the mineral, vegetable and animal kingdoms, extracted, harvested, collected, born or captured in its territory or in its territorial, patrimonial waters and exclusive economic zones.
- Plant classification results obtained or harvested from soil of a signatory party.
- Live animals that were or are part of the territory in a signatory party or products thereof.
- Garbage product of the generation of industrial processes that are carried out in the territory of any Member Country of the Cartagena Agreement that can only be reused to recover raw materials.
If the export is to be made to the United States, the European Union, or third countries, the only issuing entity is MIPRO. To export to the CAN, ALADI and MERCOSUR, the certificate of origin can be issued by the authorized Chambers.
If the transaction is going to be made to a country that does not issue tariff preferences, the following aspects can be considered for the procedure:
- Register as a spectator at the Ecuadorian Single Window.
- Make an affidavit together with the CAN scheme, remembering that when filling out the DJO, the accumulation of materials not originating in Ecuador should not be taken into account and must be registered in Section 4 of the DJO.
- As an exporter, you must provide all the description of the DJO, and the extra information that is required in the Authorized Entity or authorize the inspection in the production factory.
- The non-preferential certificate of origin will be subject to the aforementioned DJO.
- These certificates are only requested in Public and Private Authorized Entities.
On the other hand, if the operation will be carried out from Ecuador, as already mentioned, suggestions such as the following should be taken into account:
Comply with the regulations and requirements necessary for the issuance of a certificate of origin.
The certificate of origin is not strictly mandatory for all export cases, in most cases its use is limited to markets that give preferential tariff treatment to Ecuadorian merchandise.
It must be taken into account that the Certificate of Origin must be filled out with care and caution, since an error could annul it in the country of destination, and probable sanction or penalty measures.
The classification of the origin of a merchandise as originating in Ecuador, responds to the following general rules:
- Products related to any of the mineral, vegetable and animal kingdoms in Ecuadorian territory.
- Goods made from inputs from countries that are signatories to an agreement where the goods made qualify as originating.
- Manufacturing with non-originating inputs, provided they comply with:
- Tariff Change.
- Values with Regional integration.
- Percentage of Maximum Non-Originary Inputs allowed.
To conclude, the original merchandise to be exported must be issued from Ecuador to the importing country and member of the GSP, ATPDEA, CAN, ALADI, CAN-MERCOSUR agreement.
Each certifying entity has a fee corresponding to the service of issuing a certificate. For this reason, the shipping value should be consulted with the entities in charge.
The permitted operations are those related to the transshipment or conservation of goods with strict customs surveillance.
The processing fee for the Certificate of Origin is $42.48, which corresponds to 0.986% of the UIT plus IGV; amount established in the MINCETUR TUPA.
The EUR.1 Format (EU TLC) and the EUR.1 Format (EFTA) have a value of $6.50 for non-members and are issued free of charge for member companies.
Form “A” is valued at $. 8.00 each (includes IGV) for non-associates and are delivered free of charge for associated companies
As a general stipulation, it could be established that the certificate of origin is obtained in the same period throughout the day of presentation. However, it could be the case that some entities establish deadlines for the presentation and delivery of the approved certificate. On the other hand, as a precaution, an additional period must be taken into account, in case the certificate has presented errors and must be corrected. If more information is required for this purpose, you can always consult directly with the issuing entities.
Before which body is the certification made?
- MIPRO: Quito, Guayaquil, Manta: SGP, ATPDEA
- MIPRO: Cuenca and Ambato: SGP, ATPDEA, CAN, ALADI, MERCOSUR.
What is the certificate of origin about?
It is known as a certificate of origin to that legal paperwork that manages to establish that an item to be exported or imported comes from a territory, to have tariff preferences, extension of quotas and obtaining commercial statistics. It is important because it favors exports and access to benefits thanks to international trade agreements.
This certificate certifies the country of origin of a certain product or merchandise, due to the fact that its manufacture or resources have a certain country as their place of origin. Said articles must adapt and comply with the regime preference and the tariff requirements that concern them.
Now, what is a tariff?
A tariff can be defined as a type of tribute or tax that must be paid for all imported goods, the most common is that which is applied to imports, while exports are less frequent, also the There are transit types that tax products that enter a country with destination to another.
At the time a ship docks at a customs port, the official in charge of customs reviews and checks the content, merchandise and products, after this, establishes and applies the tax by applying the formula of the rate stipulated for it, depending on or varying the type, quantity and origin of the article.
The merchandise cannot be nationalized, and for this reason, until the tariff is released, it is one of the easiest taxes to collect. Thus, we have that smuggling is the entry, exit and sale of a product without paying the aforementioned corresponding taxes.
What is it for?
Thanks to the issuance of a Certificate of Origin, it is possible to achieve, as mentioned, a successful accreditation of a merchandise.
Either to import or export it, and thus meet the requirements for commercial treatment at the entrance to customs, because they exercise control and a series of stipulated, sanitary and commercial requirements that vary from one country of origin to another. , which is useful to the companies that produce the goods nationally for the payment of taxes at said customs, so that their manufacture and sale in relation to the competition.
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