How to know where to donate blood in Spain? Human blood is an indispensable product that, despite enormous technological advances, cannot be produced in the laboratory. It can only be achieved through donation and therefore constitutes a generous act of citizenship to solve a public problem.
Ultimately, it is a social duty of all people. For this reason the donation is a capital act of great social and health importance: “the engine that drives it is purely and simply solidarity and its only obstacle, the freedom of the person.” Therefore, here we give you the details and the answer to your question.
How to know where to donate blood in Spain?
You can make your donation at any Network Transfusion Center, located in the capitals of each of its provinces. In addition, there are a series of mobile units of migrants that travel throughout the geography of the autonomous community, in cities, neighborhoods, schools and other training centers, military barracks, etc.
How to Know Where to Donate Blood in Spain: Requirements in Spain
The different requirements For the donation of blood in Spanish territory, they must be fully complied with, in order to provide the benefit and the good of the donor and recipient of the donation.
To achieve this, it is necessary to follow the rules on how to be a blood donor in Spain:
- Be older than eighteen (18) years and weigh fifty (50) pounds or more.
- Because they do not have a virus or disease that can travel in the bloodstream, people with hepatitis B or C, malaria, or tumors they are not involved.
- If you are an active donor, there must be an interval of at least eight (8) months between each donation.
- Present DNI certificate (National identity document), safe conduct or proof of address.
- At the time of donation you should not be fasting.
- Health conditions at the time of donation must be optimal.
- This process is completed by completing the form of questions about the current health status of the potential donor, monitoring the hemoglobin level and blood pressure.
How to Know Where to Donate Blood in Spain: Process to Do It
The following steps should be followed for the blood donation process:
You must be informed about the requirements for blood donation and legal points of the procedure:
- Fill out the form, the respective medical studies and the interview with the specialist in the area who will certify your possibility as a donor. A previous evaluation will be carried out to rule out anemia.
- At this stage, the Blood type you have and will be tested for serologies for AIDS, syphilis, hepatitis B and C and other abnormalities and blood cells will be counted in the same way.
- Finally, that’s when the blood donation process begins. This procedure usually takes at least twenty (20) minutes, since the blood bag to be filled is four hundred fifty (450) cubic centimeters.
- Having completed this process as beautifully as giving life to others, you must still go through the process of Recovery and rest for a period of twenty-four (24) hours.
You must be informed about the cares before and after donation so there are no hassles during the donation process.
In this way, you take care of the health of other people and you must take care of your health.
Being precise, the processing and guarantee of the requirements for the execution of the blood donation project are of vital importance.
In this way, any contagion process or diseases that may originate in both parties involved can be avoided.
What to do before and after donation?
There are recommendations and duties that you must comply with before and after a blood donation. Considering the need for these recommendations and commitments established below:
The first thing you do is spend a night of break so that you are relaxed, attentive and calm during the donation process.
If you are feeling fine and have had little fat and a lot of iron, don’t rush.
If you are a low-income person, you should first eat foods such as fish, legumes, eggs, red meat, liver, and nuts.
Do not smoke for an hour or two before donating blood.
If you do not follow these recommendations, you will be exposed to dizziness and various discomforts during the donation process.
After the blood donation process, it is advisable lie down for fifteen (15) or ten (10) minutes to avoid dizziness, drink plenty of fluids, preferably fruit juices.
Do not drink alcohol and you will be able to smoke two (2) hours after the donation process is complete.
Do not stand in places hot do not do vigorous exercise or where there will be a lot of physical exertion at least on the day of the donation. You can do it after a day of rest and relaxation and eat nutritious food.
There are opportunities for undesirable situations after the donation process that are not common, but it is necessary to be informed about:
- The fainting or dizziness they usually happen when you donate for the first time. It usually occurs due to low blood pressure, so various fruit fluids must be absorbed after the donation process is complete.
- In case of bruises After donating blood, this can be done during the puncture as the vein can be very thin and bruising is normal.
- Recommendation that you stop, do not lift or use force, remain with a bandage for twenty-four (24) hours to reduce the risk of the bruise expanding and worsening.
- Bruises in the nerve, this situation is not common, since the health project is designed so that there is no risk or complications.
- In other words, this rare case occurs when a nerve root is punctured and the arm falls asleep as a result.
How to Know Where to Donate Blood in Spain: Benefits
Donating blood has several Benefits, which we will analyze in this article:
- The increase in Blood flow helps prevent hypercoagulation; blood flows with greater force and ease.
- Iron levels are balanced, by donating you will lose ¼ gram of iron if you tend to accumulate iron in the blood.
- It has been determined, according to medical studies, that donating blood generously increases the lifespan of human beings.
- This is motivated to the psychological point positive to carry out a donation action.
- It is a way of having a general medical history. Because through donation it is necessary to have a complete but quick medical examination, and from it it is possible to visualize the health status of the person.
- From this evaluation, it is also possible to rule out any disease transmitted by blood or other viruses.
- Through blood donation, the body of the person is renewed, as new, more active and healthy cells are generated and renewed and cover the missing ones.
- Blood donation is necessary, because through it the donation of blood can be satisfied to the people who donate it. needas they are less fortunate in their health.
What to do with donated blood?
On the one hand, it analyze to study blood group, Rh factor and exclude infectious diseases. If any abnormality is detected, the blood unit is destroyed and the result of the analysis is communicated to the donor, for later medical monitoring.
On the other hand, the blood bag is divided or separated into its different elements; Blood is not directly transfused from the donor to the recipient, but rather undergoes a separation process from which three components are obtained:
- Red blood cells: cellular part used in surgical procedures, hemorrhages from traffic accidents, anemia treatment, organ transplants.
- Platelets: cell part used in patients with cancer or leukemia, bone marrow transplants, bleeding disorders, bleeding.
- Plasma: liquid part from which a series of proteins is obtained for the treatment of coagulation diseases, infectious diseases, major burns.
Non-transfused plasma is sent to pharmaceutical laboratories to transform it into drugs, such as albumin, gamma globulins, clotting factors.
These drugs, once prepared, are sent to hospital pharmacies for distribution to those who need them and to facilitate appropriate treatment.
In this way, each blood donation benefits to more than one person, as the blood components are used separately.
Can you donate blood if you are taking medication or have had a disease?
Depending on the illnesses that have been suffered and other circumstances, the medical staff will determine in the previous examination if it can be donated or not. Therefore, it is better to go to a donation point to find out if it is possible to donate blood and communicate any health problem to health personnel.
The situations on the signed sheet must be taken into account and the questions asked about your health must be answered correctly.
Despite what many think, certain statements widespread in society are false and do not prevent donation, some of them are: having menstruation at the time of donation, taking contraceptives, some vitamin complexes, ibuprofen, aspirin. because it depends on the drug and why it is taken.
How often can blood be donated?
The minimum period required between blood donations is 2 monthsWomen can donate up to 3 times a year and men 4. For plasma-only donations, this period is reduced to 15 days, with a maximum of 24 donations per year.
Blood and plasma donations are also supported. This frequency is controlled by computer programs automatically and by issuing the card, which is given to the donor so that he can check it himself.
Donated blood cannot be to stock for a long time. Some components do not last more than a few days. It is the reason why it must be administered periodically so that blood is always available for those who need it, but respecting the deadlines to protect the health of the donor.
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