This article will explain what the Requirements to be a Judge. Judges have to exercise fair, impartial, objective mediators. Therefore, the citizens who dedicate themselves to this occupation must be professionals in every situation that is presented to them.
It is important to highlight that the judiciary in Spain is essential in that country because it is made up of judges and magistrates who ensure that justice is enforced in the country.
If you want to convert and aspire to this position in the future, you must first meet the Requirements to be a Judge that will be explained below.
What are the requirements to be a judge in Spain?
People who want to access this position must comply with the Requirements to be a Judge which are the following:
- The citizen must be adult.
- Must be Spanish by birth.
- It should not be retired.
- The citizen must have a law degree.
- The applicant cannot be qualified because of whether he suffers from psychic or physical episodes for the proper development of his judicial work.
- Can not be accused for no crime.
- It cannot be in full exercise of civil rights.
Studies Needed to Be a Judge
According to the Organic Law of 2000, the access to the judicial and prosecutorial career was communicated. But for the citizen to become a judge, he must complete his law studies, a step prior to the one that must be applied for in the oppositions when the call exists.
Then the Spanish citizen has to wait for the two years to train at the School of Judicial Practice. It is important to note that to be a judge, it is not mandatory to have a Master’s degree, unlike people who wish to practice law.
Different Kinds of Judges
It is important to note that all the judges are part of the same career, where they have studied the same, although there are different competencies that are the following:
- Magistrate or Supreme Judge: It is the last degree to complete the judicial career. The people who carry out this position, is in the Supreme Court or in the High court.
- Ordinary: Ordinary judges are in charge of acting permanently to adjudicate justice in a predetermined jurisdiction.
- Conventional: This judge does not hold the position of public judge, but has the capacity to mediate and solve problems.
- Higher: The purpose of this judge is to mediate the causes of appeal.
- A quo: It is the judge whose sentence is claimed at a higher level instance.
- Competent: The citizen who is in charge of this position, are the judges who have the competence regarding a business or a specific objective.
- Incompetent: This type of judge has the purpose that they do not contain competition regarding the objectives or determined business.
- Privative: It is the type of judge who has the power to hear the case.
- Promiscuous: The people who carry out the position of promiscuous judge, is intended to contain all the knowledge regarding all situations in the territorial jurisdiction.
Salary of a Judge
It is important to explain that the salary of a judge in Spain varies depending on the years of experience and, above all, on their professional career.
For example, the main floor of a judge with respect to the position held by the citizen are the following:
- The citizen who holds the position of President of the National Court, can earn approximately 1,956 euros.
- Those who exercise the position of president of the national court room have a cost of at least 1,853 euros.
- The citizen who exercises the position of President of the Superior Court of Justice has a cost of 1,645 euros.
- Magistrates can earn at least 1,851 euros.
- And the judges can win 1,625, 4 euros.
A judge who works in the cities of Barcelona or Madrid, referred to as group 1, can receive a monthly supplement to his salary of at least 3,100 and 3,700 euros, with respect to the position I hold.
The judges that make up group 2, which is made up of the most populated provinces, for example: Malaga, Valencia, Seville, etc. People enjoy a complement that is around the 2,800 and 3,700 euros, depending on the position they hold.
The cities that are less populated, are the judges of group 3, receive a complement of at least 2,000 and 2,300 euros per month.
It is important to highlight that there is an official state bulletin where the complements of the president of the National Court are collected, which has a value of 5,000 euros monthly, adding an extra responsibility of 1,700 euros.
There are also other bonuses according to the determined charges. For example, citizens who make up the judicial career who have to move to certain places, receive the following supplements:
Requirements to be a Judge: Judicial career
- Basque Country and Navarra at least 498, 70 euros.
- Gran Canaria and Tenerife a value of 427.58 euros.
- Other islands that make up the Canary archipelago approximately 534.48 euros.
- Mallorca has a value of approximately 88.08 euros.
- Other islands that make up the Balearic archipelago have a value of 97.52 euros.
- Valle de Arán has a complement of 80, 23 euros.
- Ceuta and Melilla contains a complement of 844.70 euros.
It is important to explain that once they have verified the remuneration that they have communicated to the BOE. The amount the judge will win will be highlighted.
Selection Tests to Be a Judge
To become a judge in Spain, the citizen must meet the goal of being a graduate in Law and then must appear for an opposition, where annually open calls where they are published by the BOE approximately in the month of March.
The oppositions consist of a test that consists of several phases. People who have the first 100 qualifications, out of one hundred places, go on to become a judge, at that time, they are already a trainee civil servant.
The oppositions are complicated and are divided into 3 exams.
Requirements to be a Judge: Exams
The first is test type in which, the citizen if he passes depends on the arithmetic mean of the results obtained by each student who has presented in the call.
The other two tests are oral and are carried out in Madrid, Spain, in the establishment of the National audience. Each question has the purpose in which each applicant must present and subject that will be chosen at random from a bag full of balls of all the established subjects.
Once the applicant has drawn the paper, familiarizing himself with the chosen topic, he will have time to organize his ideas that he is going to present.
It is important to note that those approved are registered in the School of Judicial Practice in which they will take a course, which has a duration of at least 2 years, which will develop a practical and theoretical part.
The theoretical course, citizens must take it in the city of Barcelona, Spain. It lasts at least nine months, while the practical workshop takes place in six months in a city according to the applicant’s choice, as long as there is a vacancy available.
To aspire to a place, the work that the citizen has done in the two courses will be verified according to the grade that he obtained. It will be carried out at the election of a place throughout the Spanish territory. The judges will be assigned to both cities and municipalities.
Agenda for the opposition
It is important to note that the program was accepted in the BOE in 2015. This program contains more than 320 topics that are distributed below:
- In Constitutional Law there are 26 topics.
- Civil Law has 92 topics.
- Criminal Law contains 63 topics.
- In Civil Procedural Law there are 58 topics.
- Criminal Procedural Law contains 38 topics.
- In Commercial Law there are 16 topics.
- Administrative and Labor Law has 27 topics.
It is worth emphasizing that the fee that the applicant must pay for the right of the exam may increase each year. At the moment you can find at least 30.49 euros, being able to change.
What is it?
The judge is a magistrate vested with the power to administer justice by applying the laws in civil and criminal trials. Both judges and courts have the power to judge and enforce what is judged, not being able to put equity before the law because their mission is limited to applying it.
On the other hand, they have the power to apply the law in the way they deem more arranged to the converted facts, applying the omissions of the litigants.
The judge is the individual who resolve the conflict or decide the fate of the accused, orienting himself with the evidence or evidence collected to present it at trial.
It is important to note that there is no term or duration of how many years it takes to become a judge, but it will depend on the personal situations of each citizen. For example, studying law has a duration of 4 years, but depending on the person it can be completed on time or later.
Between the career, the competitive examinations and the entrance to the Judicial School, it is required at least 6 years minimum become a judge. That is why, if he aspires to obtain this position, the citizen must comply with the Requirements to be a Judge.
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