Requirements to collect a widow’s pension: How and when to apply for it

A widow’s pension It is a right that is enabled to protect the economic support of the family or partner of a deceased person who is registered in the General Regime of Social Security.

In this opportunity Procedures and Requirements brings you this article that contains everything you should know about the widow’s pension, how to apply for it, the requirements that you must meet, among other information of interest.

This is an important benefit, especially when the deceased person was the sole provider of the household, so we invite you to read this content, so that you know how to process the widow’s pension.

What is the widow’s pension?

A pension based on social security, or social security, it is a payment or economic contribution, which can be temporary or for life.

There are different types of pension, which depend on the situation that arises. It can be due to retirement, disability, widowhood, among others.

The widow’s pension It is a type of contributory benefit intended for people who have become widows, due to the death of their partner. This benefit is of a monetary nature and only applies to deceased couples who have made social security contributions.

The purpose of the widowhood pension is to help protect the sustenance of the deceased’s family, thus avoiding that it does not have any resources to satisfy its needs, in case the deceased was the person in charge of providing for the family.

Requirements that the deceased person must meet

The person requesting the pension is called the cause, it must meet a series of established requirements and requirements. We will explain each of them:

Minimum listing period

The deceased must have completed a minimum contribution period as the case may be:

  • If the deceased died due to a common illness: You must have at least 500 days within the 5 years prior to the date of death of the contributor.
  • In the event of death due to an accident: In this case there is no minimum amount of previous contributions.
  • If at the time of death the deceased is not registered with social security, at least 15 years of contributions are required.


Also to carry out the process of widow’s pension that the deceased meets a series of conditions, they are presented below:

  • Be affiliated, registered in the General Social Security Scheme .
  • Be a pensioner for retirement.
  • If the deceased received some type of temporary disability allowance, he must have met the minimum contributions required.
  • Be a beneficiary of the disability pension at the time of death.
  • Possess the right to a retirement pension, but have previously died.
  • Be entitled to a total permanent disability pension.

Requirements to be met by

  • If the cause of death of the deceased is due to a common illness, they must have children in common, be married or be a common-law partner.
  • It is necessary that there has been or remains a marriage between the deceased and the applicant, and that this minimum has one year of having been celebrated before the date of death of the deceased.
  • In the case of a divorced couple, it applies only if the deceased has not remarried another person.
  • If it is a de facto partner, you must have been the partner of the deceased for at least 2 years before the death of the deceased.
  • Not being involved with the person’s death.

Documentation to request the widow’s pension

The beneficiary applicant This type of pension must meet a series of requirements to be able to request or collect the amount assigned for the pension. We will present each of them below:

  • Personal identification document.
  • If you are a foreigner, present your passport or NIE.
  • Document that accredits legal representation.
  • Death certificate.
  • Document that proves the marriage with the deceased. In this case, you can present the family book, Civil Registry Act or some type of legalized document. If apply.
  • In case of divorce, present the judicial sentence that serves as evidence, to prove said situation.
  • For divorce cases, it must be proven that the deceased has not married another person or that he has not had another de facto partner.
  • If the partner of the deceased was in fact, I must issue the certificate of incorporation of the couple on some record.
  • Civil registration certificate that proves the fact that neither have been married or separated from another couple.
  • Certificate or document that proves coexistence with the deceased for at least the last 5 years.
  • Document that proves the applicant’s income.

When do you start charging?

The widow’s pension It begins to be charged in the event that the deceased was registered, the day after the causal event, and in the event that the deceased person was a pensioner, one month after the causative event.

How much do you charge?

To know what the corresponding amount to be charged is, the due calculation must be made. For this, 52% is applied to the regulatory base. In the event that the beneficiary of this pension has family dependents, the percentage can reach up to 70%. It is generally charged from 600 to 650 euros per month.

When does it end?

The widow’s pension it is life-long, however it ends when the beneficiary marries another person or when it is proven that the beneficiary is the cause of the contributor’s death.

When to apply for the pension

The widow’s pension must be requested at any time after the death of the person. If it is requested after three months of the death of the person, the retroactivity will only cover three months.

What is the function of the widow’s pension?

The main purpose or function is to ensure the economic support of the partner or family of the deceased, it is that the dependent person or persons of the deceased are not financially affected by the deceased person.

Take into account the content of this article and process your widow’s pension with the greatest success.

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