When our time to die comes, it is not fair that we take with us the organs that can be the salvation of an individual who still has a long way to go.. You can inquire here about all the Requirements to donate Marrow, and find out many more things. Don’t stop reading us!
What is bone marrow
The bone marrow, is renowned as the soft tissue that is found in the internal part of certain bones of the human body, such as the iliac crests, which is the rump bone, also in the sternum or the bones of the skull. In this marrow all the cells that make up the blood are produced; new cells tend to group in two ways or, rather, in two large groups, such as lymphoid and myeloid.
Who can donate Bone Marrow
People between the ages of 18 and 40, who are in good health, have not had HIV, hepatitis, or any pathogen that can be contagious, or currently suffer from a disease that could put the operation at risk.
What are the requirements to donate Bone Marrow
- Have between 18 and 40 years old.
- Not suffer from lung, circulatory, liver, kidney diseases, which could put the bone marrow transfer at risk.
- Nor do presented or suffered infections created by the viruses of HIV, hepatitis, or any other disease that could present a risk or could be contagious.
- Do not suffer from glycosuria or uninspected hypertension, nor have a platelet count greater than 120,000 ml.
- Accept the provision of basic data, such as your age, phone, address, and a brief medical history.
- Have a blood sample drawn, so that you can study the peculiarities of histocompatibility; and that a minimum amount of it is stored in the laboratory, to be able to extend the analysis in the future without having to perform an extraction again, in case a compatible patient appears.
- Accept that your compatibility and basic data they are added to the database of the clinic or hospital where the bone marrow transfer is to be carried out, being incorporated into the World Network of Voluntary Donors of Hematopeietic Progenitors; ensuring that once your data is encrypted, it is fully protected, according to Organic Law 13/1999.
How to donate Bone Marrow
If you are completely determined to donate Bone MarrowFind out below how to donate said marrow:
Attend several nearby information reference centers, so that you receive the required information and documentation to understand everything that the transfer of marrow implies.
In case of doubts after receiving the necessary informationYou can arrange a private interview, either at a reference center or by phone.
Before making the donation official, it is extremely important that you read the informed consent carefully and then, sign the registration documents in the Spanish Registry of Bone Marrow Donors; the signature of a family member or friend should also be appreciated.
As we had previously mentioned, You must undergo a blood sample extraction, to perform the compatibility check; In some communities, you can perform a compatibility check by taking a saliva to avoid drawing blood.
You can find much more information on the ONT web portal, at next hyperlink.
And in that of the Josep Carreras International Foundation, in the hyperlink that we attach below: Link
In addition, you can communicate by phone, with the information numbers about the National Bone Marrow Donation Plan: 900 102 688.
Another information phone option, is with the ONT to clarify the necessary doubts: 91 727 86 99.
What are the restrictions for donating Bone Marrow
Bone marrow donation is restricted to individuals who present or presented some specific conditions, such as:
- Cardiovascular, hematological, pulmonary, liver disease or other pathology that can present risks or complications during the handover.
- Diabetes insulin-dependent mellitus.
- Hypertension uncontrolled circulatory.
- IV drug addiction, AIDS, multiple sex, or being a partner of an individual who suffers from such symptoms or addictions.
- Infection with potentially contagious agents, such as the hepatitis B or C virus.
- Have been permanently discharged as a blood donor.
- Receive treatment with lithium.
- Possess factors or antecedents of risk of pulmonary embolism or deep vein thrombosis.
- Having fibromyalgia or inflammatory eye disease factors, such as iritis, episcleritis.
- Possess platelet counts, greater than 120,000 ml.
There are other contraindications, which are usually temporary, which are:
- Being pregnant or breastfeeding your baby.
- Be under undergoing antiplatelet or anticoagulant treatments, depending on the duration of the same.
It is important to attend a physician consultation before proceeding with formal donor enrollment, since there are other processes that can put bone marrow donation at risk or make it difficult. The pathologies that we will cite below are restricted for marrow donation, but not for peripheral blood:
- Feasible allergies to narcotics.
- Morbid corpulence.
- Enzyme deficiencies family.
- Malformations of the spine or neck.
Therefore, it is always advisable for all applicants to go to a doctor to consult their particular case, before registering as a donor since in the case of some pathologies They can proceed with the donation of peripheral blood and not the bone marrow and vice versa.
There are two ways to carry out the intervention
- Bone Marrow: To perform this method, anesthesia is needed, it can be epidural or general; They will have to stay in the hospital for at least 24 hours, as this is the most aggressive method. The cord is extracted by means of punctures, in the posterior-superior part of the pelvis; This process requires only the 20% in most cases and specific patients who require this type of donation.
- Peripheral blood: So that the cells in that blood can be easily accessed, 4 or 5 subcutaneous injections of growth factor agents should be administered first, They help move these stem cells from the marrow to the blood.
What is the importance of donating bone marrow
The importance of making the decision to be a bone marrow donor, with prior registration in the Bone Marrow Donor Registry, also known as REDMO, it is acquired at the moment of knowing that only 20% or 30% of the people who require a transplant of said marrow, a compatible donor is found to give them hope for a cure.
This same reason, should be known by all pregnant women, so that they are encouraged to donate their child’s umbilical cord blood at the moment of delivery, maximizing when curation selections are opened to patients who have not found a compatible living marrow donor.
- There is a strict degree of confidentiality, In no case may data or information that can be distinguished as the donor or recipient be provided or disclosed.
- This process is completely free, whatever the case, no compensation may be received for the transfer or donation, nor will any payment be required from the recipient.
- The extraction of hematopoietic progenitors may have a purpose, only therapeutic.
- The extraction of the aforementioned parents, It can only be carried out in legally authorized centers, which are located in areas that are as close as possible to the residence of the donor, and that they are in the national territory.
What side effects may the donor present
The side effect that you may have after the operation of the bone marrow by puncture, it is possibly a pain in the area where the puncture was performed; this pain disappears in less than 48 hours and it can be controlled with common pain relievers.
The puncture is performed in the operating room, but it has the same risk as any operation involving short-term general anesthesia.
If the donation is made using peripheral blood, during the administration of growth factors, you may experience some flu-like symptoms, such as sore muscles and bones.
We hope that the information has been as expected and requested; Meet all the requirements, follow the steps correctly and save a life.
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