One of the best known and most applied economic activities in the world is importation, which provides a large number of benefits to those who practice it. In order to import, it is necessary to comply with the Requirements to import into Spain, and in this content we will tell you how to do it.
In the following article you will know everything you need to know about importing, the requirements, steps and recommendations, information about the EC market so that you can easily import with the greatest success.
Stay to read and enjoy a great content of useful and effective information to be able to import into Spain.
What are the Requirements to Import into Spain?
The Import in Spain It is a very active activity in these times, and it is important to know about this system and to know the necessary requirements that must be met in order to work on it.
This section presents each of the requirements and requirements that are requested in Spain to be able to import.
Below are the requirements to import:
The commercial invoice is a document issued by the supplier, where the data corresponding to the importing company and the supplier’s information must be registered.
The invoice must also contain a detailed description of the merchandise to be imported, where the prices and conditions of sale appear.
The Package list, also known as Packing list, consists of a list, which contains all the data and information pertaining to the shipment of the merchandise.
In this list, the supplier must specify the type of merchandise to be sent, the number of packages it has, as well as the measurements and weight, corresponding to each package.
Bill of lading
Also known as the Bill of lading, the bill of lading consists of a key document for the importer, which is a requirement that the freight forwarder must have in order to deliver the merchandise.
An important aspect to consider is to know how many Bill of lading are listed, because for the gender exchange, they are all requested.
Certificate of origin
The certificate of origin is a document where the information that corresponds to the origin of the merchandise is recorded, which proves the place of origin and must be presented by the applicant.
This requirement is important when it comes to a type of special merchandise or that comes from a different country.
Each of these requirements are important and necessary, that is why they must be met. These are the main requirements to import.
Steps to Follow to Import
Like everything in life, it is necessary to bring order and organization in everything we do and more in important projects such as the world of imports. Therefore, it is important to know the steps that must be followed to carry out the importation of products in Spain and in this section we will tell you how.
Each of them are presented below:
Search for opportunities
To get started, you need to look for opportunities. Nothing falls from the sky and that is why it is necessary to be proactive and look for the most feasible and functional opportunities to be able to import into Spain.
It should be borne in mind that being among the first to include a successful product on the market is not an easy task, especially now in the democratization of information.
However, this same era provides a great number of benefits through the Internet, where many and varied opportunities appear.
Check that there is no commercial restriction
As a person who is going to undertake in the world of imports, it is necessary to know everything about imports and the laws and regulations that are established in Spain on this subject.
Not all merchandise can be imported, as some may be restricted or prohibited. In this sense, its regulation must be verified.
It must be ensured that the European Union (EU) does not have any trade restrictions with the country of origin.
It must be known if the European Union (EU) requires some homologation of the merchandise. In the case of requiring the service of a certifying entity, it is important to verify that said company is recognized in Spain.
Know the type of tariff
It is important to know the tariff heading code, because this can contribute to a greater ease in importing the merchandise.
Considered one of the most important steps, the selection of the manufacturer supplier, for greater success in the import activity.
Set the conditions of agreement
Refers to the Incoterms, where rules are set, simplifying the negotiation framework, since the agreement between the seller and the buyer may have variations.
Below in this list, four types of Incoterms are shown:
- Free On Board (FOB): Translated as Free on board, it establishes that the seller is responsible until the merchandise ends at the port of shipment, that is to say that from that moment, the responsibility for costs and risks is assumed by the importer.
- Cost, Insurance and Freight (CIF): Known as Safe Cost, it consists of a condition that establishes that the seller’s responsibility ends when the merchandise is delivered at the agreed port. In this regard, the freight to the destination port and the contracting of insurance correspond.
- Delivered Duty Paid (DDP): It is a complete door-to-door service, where the seller assumes all responsibility for the import, in terms of operations, customs issues, duties, taxes and more.
- Ex-Works (EXW): It is established that the seller delivers the merchandise with all its corresponding documentation in order, and the buyer assumes all responsibility, in terms of logistics.
Work with certified merchandise
The merchandise to be imported must be duly certified, for which it is necessary to comply with the established quality standards and the importer assumes responsibility for this.
Search freight forwarder
One of the most important aspects is logistics since it is one of the issues where more expenses are made. That is why it is important to take the time to look at options and choose the best freight forwarder.
Meet the requirements
To be able to import into Spain. It is necessary to comply with the requirements to import, established and the customs conditions and regulations that are governed within the country regarding this economic activity.
In this list we will mention the main requirements, already described above:
- Commercial invoice.
- Bulk List.
- Bill of lading.
- Certificate of origin.
If you comply with each step and recommendation, you will be able to import into Spain successfully.
License to Import
The license to import It is a permit that must be met in order to import, for which certain requirements must be supplied, which are presented below:
- Constitutive Act.
- Name and details of the applicant.
- Business name.
- Digits of the Identity Card.
- Address of the establishment.
- Contact telephone numbers.
- Email address.
- Items to import.
- Client list.
- Among others.
All these requirements are necessary, because you must comply with each of them.
CE Marking on Products to Import
The CE marking It consists of a seal that certifies that the product complies with each of the corresponding regulations, in order to be sold in the European Union.
Each product that you want to sell a product within the European Union, it is necessary that it complies with certain norms and rules, which will cause the CE Market seal to be placed.
What is it?
The import It is an economic activity, where goods and services from abroad are transported. Where a country acquires them in order to enjoy them, within the country.
It’s all about good or service that a certain country, considered an importer, buys from another country, called an exporter to use it within the national territory.
The main objective of this activity is that the nation can acquire and enjoy products that are not found in the national territory, or that it is more feasible and economical to acquire them from another nation.
Imports are governed by norms, rules and laws that regulate the activity in each nation. There are many conventions and agreements between countries, which are beneficial for the parties, that is, between the nations involved.
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In Spain and throughout the European Union, any individual can carry out the activity of importing merchandise that comes from outside Europe. This activity has varied in recent years, and currently Spain is positioned as the 27th country, showing an index of economic complexity.
Next, in a small list, are the countries where the products that Spain imports come from, this according to Macros data. the top five countries are:
- Germany with 12.22%
- France with 11.78%
- Italy with 6.29%
- China with 5.71%
- Holland with 5.03%
Follow the steps and meet the Import Requirements, to be successful in your process.
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