Voting Requirements: Documents, Tips and MORE

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This article will explain what they are Voting requirements in Spain where the step-by-step below will be highlighted.

Voting is a right that every citizen has to choose the candidates that he considers essential for the construction of a country. In Spain the right to vote is universal, free, equal, direct and secret.

In that country, no citizen is obliged to exercise their right to vote, nor can they disclose who they voted for. That is why if you are interested in this topic, we invite you to continue reading.

What are the requirements to vote in Spain?

The Requirements to vote in Spain are as follows:

  • All Spaniards who are of legal age can vote
  • They must be registered in the Electoral Census.

Who can vote?

First with knowing what the Requirements to vote in Spaina, you must take into account who are the people who can exercise the right to vote are the following:

Voting Requirements: General Character

All Spanish citizens who must be of legal age, who have not had the right to exercise it, can vote in general. To pay, it is essential that the citizen has to be registered in the current electoral census, both Spaniards residing in that country, and Spaniards domiciled abroad.

Voting requirements: Parliament of the Balearic Islands

Spanish citizens can vote in these elections, but they must be of legal age and be located on the electoral list of the Balearic IslandsFurthermore, foreigners residing in said country must be registered.

Voting Requirements: Island Councils

The people who can vote in these elections are Spanish citizens who are of legal age, who are registered in the electoral list in force in each of the islands as: Mallorca, Menorca or Ibiza.

It is important to note that citizens who are registered in the Spanish census living abroad cannot exercise their right to vote.

Voting Requirements: Municipal

In these elections, Spanish citizens of the different types of municipality can vote. They also have to be adults and be on the list of electoral roll of residents. However, Spaniards who are registered in the census of Spaniards abroad cannot exercise their right.

Foreigners who can exercise their right to vote are citizens who are resident in Spain, without having obtained nationality and must belong to the European Union.

Voting requirements: European Parliament

The people who can exercise in the elections of the European Parliament are citizens residing in Spain without obtaining said nationality, whether they belong to the European Union. So that non-Spanish citizens of the countries that make up the European Union, resident in that country, can vote by doing the following:

  1. Citizens must comply with the Requirements to vote in Spain.
  2. Enjoy voting in your place of origin.
  3. They have decided to exercise their vote in that country.

Documents Needed to Vote

With having complied with the Requirements to vote in Spain, the Spanish citizen must collect the following documents:

  1. When the voter stops to cast his vote, he must identify himself at the table with his DNI.
  2. You can carry your passport.
  3. Another option is for them to show their driver’s license in which their photograph is displayed.

Types of Elections in Spain

In Spain there are 4 types of elections which are the following:

  • General elections.
  • The regional elections.
  • Municipal elections.
  • European elections.

General elections

They are those in which the voters of Spain choose the members of the Congress of Deputies and Senate. As well as the two chambers of the General cuts. They are held every four years except for early calls or repeat elections.

Those belonging to the Congress of Deputies will be elected through a proportional representation procedure. Senators will be chosen by a mixed system: they are chosen through a majority system and others chosen by the parliaments of the autonomous authorities.

It is important to note that the deputies must be made up of approximately 300 in said position and maximum of 400 deputies.

Autonomous elections

They are the elections where the inhabitants of the autonomous communities of Spain vote for the members of the autonomous parliament, these are 17 and said elections are held every four years.

These elections are called by the representatives of the autonomous communities. It is important to note that these elections are enshrined 54 days after the publication of the call in the official list of the state.

Municipal elections

These elections are held on the fourth Sunday in May of each 4 years. In each municipality there is only one constituency. The number of councilors to choose in each place that makes up the municipality, will depend on the number of citizens registered in that place

It is important to note that in each Spanish municipality you can find a range of 3 councilors in municipalities with less than 100 citizens up to 57 councilors in Madrid.

In municipalities that have more than 250 citizensCouncilors are chosen through the multinominal proportional vote method through closed lists using the method used by most countries in the world, which is the D’Hondt system.

In those municipalities that cost up to 250 citizens, people exercise their right to vote, through the partial multinominal majority vote method. Using the open lists procedure, the citizen who votes can do so up to one vote less than the number of councilors chosen.

European Elections

Elections to the European Parliament are held every five years. These elections are organized jointly with the 28 nations that the European Union, although it does not take place the same day.

Each country that is integrated into the European Union is done through the system of election of its MEPs. The purpose of this system is that it should be used in a form of proportional representation.

In the case of subdivisions, it should not prejudice the proportional nature of the voting method.

Importantly, MEPs are chosen through scrutiny proportional plurinominal by means of closed lists, which encompasses the entire Spanish territory.

How to vote from abroad?

Citizens who wish to exercise their right to vote from outside, the following stands out:

Citizens who are permanently outside (CERA)

Spanish citizens who are permanently residing abroad and aspire to vote in elections to European Parliament, in the General or in the Autonomous, you have to previously request it. That is why you must follow the following steps:

  1. The citizen who is abroad must apply for the form, which is managed by the Electoral Census Office or you can do it through the website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation or either from the Ministry of the Interior.
  2. You must attach the application form for one of the following documents: your respective photocopy of your DNI, photocopy of your passport, documentation regarding your nationality, issued free of charge.
  3. It is forwarded by the Consulate or Embassy in which the citizen is registered and registration document in the Consular Registration Registry.
  4. The citizen must send in time so that it does not go to the twenty-fifth day after the call, with respect to the Provincial Delegation of the Electoral Census Office of said state where the citizen is registered in Spain.
  5. It is very important to note that the citizen can send his request by entering the procedure “CERA vote request” disseminated in the INE In the next link, proving your identity through your electronic certificate, associated with your ID.
  6. People who do not contain said certificate must make the request through the same channels explained in the previous point, but entering the procedure with their respective Telematic Processing code that it represents pre-printed in the communication.

It is important to note that when the candidates have been announced, the Electoral Office will send you your document to vote.

Citizens who are temporarily residing abroad in Spain

In the event that the citizen is temporarily in Spanish territory during the announcement of the electoral procedure, he can request, like the residents in said territory, to vote by mail, from the date of the announcement.


To vote in the elections in Spain, you can follow the following tips:

  1. If you don’t know who to vote for, look up each candidate’s proposal in advance.
  2. It is recommended that before voting, the citizen must be aware of who they will vote for, thus the procedure is carried out more quickly.
  3. If you do not know how to vote, it is preferable than before, to investigate the procedures for voting on the official website.
  4. On the day of the election you must bring all the necessary documentation.
  5. You can vote freely and spontaneously. That is, in Spain citizens cannot be forced or forced to vote for someone that said citizen does not want.

If it is the first time that you will exercise your right, you must comply with a series of Requirements to vote in Spain.

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