Anyone who want to be president can run as such if it previously meets the requirements of the Constitution of the United States of America. You want to know more? Keep reading!
Requirements to be president of the United States
When you want to be a candidate for president, certain requirements must be met, which we will mention below:
- Be born in america.
- Have fulfilled the thirty-five (35) years old old.
- To be residing in the country at least for 14 years.
The Federal Elections Commission you will receive candidate records. They will then need to authorize a representation and spend the funds on your behalf.
For a citizen is deemed eligible To apply for a candidacy for the Presidency you must meet the necessary requirements.
When talking about Article II of the Constitution, we refer to the fact of being a natural or born citizen of the United States.
The Fourteenth Amendment refers to everything citizen born or naturalized in the United States, you are legally considered a United States citizen.
According to Twenty-second Amendment no candidate may be elected for two continuous terms.
As well as, indicates that if one person assumes the presidency as an interim, he will only be eligible for the candidacy once more.
Nomination of candidates and campaign
Everything begins when two of the main political parties Americans start their campaign prior to the primary elections, in which the candidates are chosen through the national nomination conventions.
Later whoever is elected, He is the one who will represent the party and in turn will be the presidential candidate.
Most of the time the presidential candidate he chooses from among the rest of the candidates who will be the vice-presidential candidate.
As well it has been seen on tv, These candidates tend to hold political debates, they are almost always Republican and Democratic candidates, and on very few occasions they invite a third party.
The so-called candidates, they start their electoral campaign throughout the country, holding electoral meetings.
This in order to expose and publicize your program, trying to persuade voters and in turn request subsidies for his campaign.
The candidates they usually do their campaigns in states where they have not had a clear majority historically, through media advertisements and constant visits.
Election and oath
On USA the president is elected through indirect suffrage, that is, a number of representative electors called Electoral CollegeThey are the ones who elect the president.
Each state has an average of assigned electors, which is relatively perpendicular to the number of delegates from the same state in each House of Congress.
Many times in the states, where a candidacy wins with the largest portion of voters’ votes, it has the power to vote in the electoral college.
It is determined who will be the president through the votes received at the electoral college, but not from who had the highest number of votes in the country.
In reference to what was raised in the 20th amendment, the presidential term begins on January 20 at noon after the election year. This date in the United States is called Opening Day.
Before start your term, must have a takeover, according to what is established in the constitution, for which it is requested to be sworn as such.
This oath is usually done with a bible, pronouncing «so help me God» which translated means «with the help of God», although this oath is not mandatory.
Term and term limit
The presidential mandate in the United States is contemplated in a period of four (04) years, as well as that of the vice president.
In 1951, when the Twenty-second Amendment was ratified, where prohibits a President from being reelected more than oncez, and more in the cases, in which he has acted as interim president.
What is the Electoral College
The president and vice president of the United States is elected by the group of representatives that make up the electoral college.
After the electoral college casts the vote in each state, the chambers of Congress are responsible for counting and verifying the final results.
So we could highlight then that the electoral college is an indirect type choice.
Explaining this a little more, citizens do not directly elect the president or vice presidentWhen they vote, they elect the electors of the electoral college.
These voters, most of the time they already have their votes defined.
Common citizens elect people (electors), who will be the ones who vote for the candidate, according to the promised vote.
These in turn, have the right to a presidential vote and one for the vice president.
Presidential primary elections
Before the general election is held, all candidates go to primary elections, which simplifies the selection of the candidates of the main parties for the general election.
The primary elections are in charge of local governments and state.
- In a primary or open caucus, voters choose who they prefer without any conditions.
- If it’s a closed primary or caucusFor the political party, only those voters who preferred the party at the time they registered to vote will be able to vote.
- Variations of the aforementioned They are called semi-open or semi-closed caucuses, they are variations of those already mentioned.
Through national conventions, the appointment of a political party and the candidates for president and vice president are certified.
For a candidate be appointed as a presidential candidate it must win the vote of the majority of the representatives, in the primary elections of the political parties.
Later, through the votes of the representatives in the national convention the choice of vote is reaffirmed.
When it is the case, in what there is no candidate that obtains the majority of the votes of the representatives during the primaries.
It is then, when representatives choose the candidate to run and go again to additional elections.
What about my vote in the elections
- Each citizen votes for the candidate of your preference.
- Each vote is counted by state.
- In many states, the candidate who receives the most of votes, it remains with the electors who were defined by that state as electoral representatives.
- That is to say, that those who represent the Electoral College of the political party that had the electoral majority, will be the one who casts the vote.
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