The Personal Identification Document (DPI) is that document that allows the Guatemalan citizen to identify himself to exercise the right to vote; Being a public, personal, non-transferable document, and of an official nature, all Guatemalan citizens and domiciled foreigners, registered in the RENAP, will have the right to request and obtain the IPR.
In turn, it is the only document for all civil, administrative and legal acts, and in general for all cases in which it is required by law. The requirements for IPR are detailed below.
Why was the DIP created?
The Personal Identification Document (DPI) was created by the need to have a legal regulation that regulates what is related to personal documentation, to adapt it to technological advances.
An example of this is the innovation of the neighborhood identity card, which was created in 1931 and of which, until now, no controls are carried out on its issuance, which facilitates its falsification and is easy to deteriorate, unlike the DPI .
The Neighborhood Certificate was created in 1931 and was in force for 82 years. It was on August 24, 2013 when the DPI came into effect as the document to officially identify Guatemalans.
Types of DPI
Currently, there are three types of Personal Identification Document (DPI), which are mentioned below:
- Guatemalan Personal Identification Document (DPI).
- Personal Identification Document (DPI) of Resident Foreigners.
- Personal Identification Document (DPI) for minors.
For all cases, a Unique Identification Code (CUI) is designated which will remain unchanged until the death of the natural person, as the sole identification reference of the same.
DPI security features
- Contact chip: which has the ability to store information such as general and personal data, among other applications.
- Unique Identification Code Structure (CUI): contains 13 digits that determine the municipality and department of birth.
- Rainbow Printing: It is a technique of 2 or 4 colors of ink printed simultaneously on the entire surface of the card, efficient protection against photocopies and high resolution scanning.
- Guilloches pattern: has interwoven lines forming an image that can only be recreated with software equipment and parameters used in the creation of the original design.
- Numismatic Background – Forms numerous wavy lines intertwined into a uniform background.
- Fading pattern that overlaps the edge of the photo.
- Variable optical ink: with color change effect depending on the angle of view or illumination.
- Optically variable device: which are 2D or 3D images with shape or color changes.
- Ghost Image – A secondary photo of the cardholder in dimmed colors adjacent to the primary photo.
- Changeable laser image: information combined in a single laser engraving structure. Each feature appears alternately when tilting the card from left to right.
- Microprinting: small text that can only be read with magnifying glasses. It is impossible to reproduce this characteristic with standard printing techniques.
- Deliberate mistakes: misprints and special fonts.
- Invisible UV Ink: Ink visible only when exposed to UV light.
- Custom Textured Background: This is touch sensitive printing.
- Mechanical Reading Area: writing code used by passports and identification documents.
Requirements for DPI
- Payment receipt corresponding to the type of request.
- Original and photocopy of the certificate of registration.
- Original and photocopy of Ornate Ticket.
When should the IPR be processed?
All Guatemalan citizens and domiciled foreigners over 18 years of age have the obligation to obtain the aforementioned document after reaching said age, in accordance with Article 50 of Decree 90-2005 of the Congress of the Republic of Guatemala.
Cost of DPI
The cost of the Personal Identification Document (DPI) for the first issue, as well as for replacement due to theft or loss is Q 85.00. It is important to bear in mind that when the request for the Personal Identification Document (DPI) is made electronically, the rate will be the one set for each service, increased by twenty-five percent (25%), according to Article 4 of the Directory Agreement of the RENAP National Registry of Persons.
Steps to get DPI
Below are the steps to follow to request the IPR online and receive it at home:
- Enter the website eportal.renap.gob.gt and enter the tab «Citizens»
- You will have to register in the Register option, in order to use the service.
- After reading and accepting the conditions of use, the form must be filled out.
- Next, you must establish a password, and then enter your phone number and email.
- All the information entered must be verified.
- An email confirming the creation of the account will be sent.
- Then you must log in with the DPI number and the password set.
How to withdraw DPI?
First of all, interested citizens You can pick it up personally, at the RENAP Offices or at the consular offices, recording the delivery of the IPR, as appropriate.
The IPR may be withdrawn through third parties, provided that you present any of the following documents:
- Administrative sworn statement made by the person to receive the IPR, stating that he or she is authorized by the owner of the IPR for this purpose.
- Written authorization of the holder.
- By mandate legally granted by the owner of the IPR.
What is RENAP?
The National Registry of Persons RENAP is the entity in charge of organizing and maintaining the unique identification registry of natural persons in Guatemala; It is also in charge of registering the facts and acts related to his marital status, marital capacity and other identification data from his birth to his death.
It is the body in charge of issuing the Personal Identification Document (DPI), for which, implements and develops strategies, techniques and automated procedures that allow an integrated and efficient management of information, unifying the registration procedures thereof.
The main objective of the RENAP National Registry of Persons is to organize and maintain the unique identification record of natural persons, as well as register the facts and acts related to their marital status, marital capacity and other identification data, from the birth to the death of the individual.
The main office of the RENAP National Registry of Persons is at the following address:
Roosevelt Road 13-46, Zone 7.
Hours of operation from Monday to Friday from 08:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.
To view all RENAP offices nationwide, we recommend using the following link: https://www.renap.gob.gt/informacion-publica/direccion-y-telefonos-de-la-entidad-y-sus-dependencias , by clicking on the option Directory of RENAP offices (2018).
The RENAP National Registry of Persons also provides offices abroad, which can be validated according to the country of interest through the following link: https://www.renap.gob.gt/sites/default/files/archivos-paginas/info-embajadas-consulado-servicios-renap.pdf
What is the Central Registry of Persons?
It is the agency in charge of centralizing the information related to the facts and acts registered in the Civil Registries of Persons, of the organization and maintenance of the central file and manages the country’s database.
For this purpose, it prepares and maintains the single registry of natural persons and the respective assignment of the Unique Identification Code (CUI).
Why have the IPR?
In accordance with article 50 of the Decree 90-2005 of the Congress of the Republic of Guatemala, all Guatemalans and domiciled foreigners over 18 years of age have the right and the obligation to obtain the aforementioned document.
Likewise, it establishes that the only personal identification document for all civil, administrative and legal acts, and in general for all cases in which identification is required by law.. It is also the document that allows the citizen to identify himself to exercise the right to vote.
Finally, article 52 of the same law establishes that the carrying of the document is mandatory, while article 54 establishes that for the purposes of official identification of natural persons, no individual, authority or official may require the presentation of a document other than the IPR, which cannot be requisitioned or withheld.
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