Export Requirements: Documents, Types and MORE

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To start the export business, it is essential to have a product that manages to be competitive within the market. But even more important is to know the Export Requirements.

We invite you to read this article, in order to discover everything that involves carrying out export operations, its legality, treaties, phases, types and much more information.

Requirements to Export in Mexico

To enter the export business, it is necessary to know the Export Requirements from Mexico to different countries. Among these are the ones mentioned below:

  1. The first step is to register in the Federal taxpayer registration. Either as a legal or physical person.
  2. Present the commercial invoice of the merchandise.
  3. If the export will be alcoholic beverages, energizers, cigarettes or iron minerals, the Sectorial Exporters Register.
  4. The certification of origin of Mexican products.
  5. Show a packing list that specifies the type of merchandise and its content.

Documents Needed to Export

In any export operation, it is necessary to present a series of documents, which are detailed below and are part of the Export Requirements:

Transportation Documents

  • Air Transportation: Airway Bill or Air Waybill.
  • Maritime Transportation: Bill of Landing.
  • For motor transport: The bill of lading.
  • An insurance policy.
  • The documentation that corroborates compliance with the non-tariff system, in Mexican territory as in the market to which it is directed.
  • The marking of the country of origin.
  • The registration of trademarks and industrial membership.
  • A letter of guidance to the customs broker.
  • Customs documentation (this management It is carried out by the customs agent for the exit of the merchandise).

All the respective procedures for customs clearance, either for export or import of products, must be done through the Mexican Digital Foreign Trade Box Office.

Types of Exports

In the export business it is important to know the types of export that exist, depending on stipulated by the Customs Law. And these are:

The Definitive Export: This refers to the dispatch of merchandise that leaves Mexico, with the aim of staying abroad for an indefinite time.

Provisional Export: It is when the merchandise leaves Mexican territory, in order to be abroad for a certain time and with a specific objective.

Legal Aspects to Take into Account to Export

Before starting export operations, it is essential to have products that enter the competition and that they can meet the expectations and preferences of the market. Based on its value, qualities, image and specialty. In addition to this, the following aspects must be taken into account:

Process the Federal Taxpayers Registry (RFC)

The first thing to do is incorporate the company legally in Mexico. In this country, a natural or legal person who has commercial operations has the opportunity to become an exporter, regardless of their size.

Study the Market to which you are going to Export

To know about this market it is necessary to inquire about the following:

  • Know the basic data about the country, the area or the market to which you want to export.
  • Obtain the necessary information to predict the requirements of the product, anticipating the social, financial, industrial and customer preferences of the market or of the given country.
  • Background to be able to decide promptly about the suitability of the product, placement and value.
  • Carry out a preliminary analysis of the countries that provide the most optimal possibility for the product.
  • Explore if the product has a preference in terms of tariffs, based on international trade treaties and agreements that Mexico has.
  • Know about the requirements of the country to which you are going to export. For example, the means to market and product placement.
  • The Customs Law in its Article 40 stipulates that it is mandatory use a customs officer for export and import transactions. Export activities do not require a specific time, but are adapted to elements such as the level of competence of the company and the product.
  • And finally, it is important to consider that the company must register in the Sectorial Exporters Register, only a small amount of products, such as: Carved cigars, non-crystallizable honeys, denatured alcohol. Also, alcohol, alcoholic beverages and beer.

Tips for Exporting

A company whose function is to export merchandise, has some benefits that contribute to the progress in the competition and the company, as well as the entrance to new markets. For this reason, below we will present a series of tips to export in Mexico:

  • Owning a legally created company, based on the Tax and commercial law of Mexico.
  • Choose the merchandise, it must be potential, and also cover the needs and favoritism of the market. It is important to indicate that if the merchandise is well received in the national market, it has a great probability of being received abroad.
  • Create tactics, where the main objective is specified. And study in depth the competitive benefits and then propose a probable teamwork.
  • Take into consideration technical elements, and take into account the tariff portion of the merchandise. Also, specify the amount of the export, choose a suitable transport. In the same way, the pacts and agreements that Mexico maintains with other countries, in order to later use the tariff advantages and the access circumstances.
  • It is advisable to know about the 3 most important pacts that Mexico has stipulated with other nations, which are:
    • NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement), this promotes a zone of free commercial activity with the following countries: United States, Mexico and Canada. Thus removing obstacles to trading and fostering the circumstances for legitimate competition.
    • Free Trade Agreement between Panama and Mexico. The time limit for the duty payments is 15 years. The products from Mexico that are within this time are: Industrial refined salt, rice flour, papayas, goat meat, olives. Along the same lines, mangoes, onion, flank steak, broccoli, sulfur, etc.
    • The Free Trade Agreement between Chile and Mexico. The purpose of this is increase the economic and commercial connection, through the definitive abolition of taxes on imports from both sides.
  • And most importantly, comply with all Export Requirements.

What is it?

Export refers to the expedition of national or nationalized products, to be consumed outside of Mexican territory.

The export process is to market merchandise, which implies perseverance, delivery and above all responsibility. Exports together with imports represent a fundamental instrument of national accounting.

It should be noted that exports have specific characteristics, which allow a company to enter another country in different ways. And these are:

  1. The benefits of ownership of the company, which refers to the company’s fixed assets, its international knowledge and its ability to create cutting-edge products.
  2. Market location benefits, which is related to the size, capacity and growth of the market.
  3. The benefits of internationalization, this is given through the techniques that the company implements, to achieve its objectives on its own. In other words, it does not license other companies. The The fact of entering international markets can be developed as a consequence of goals established by the company.

Export activities are very important, since they contribute economically to the progress and growth of the country. Through job creation and foreign exchange production. On the other hand, exports have some advantages and disadvantages, which are:

  • Export operations do not require a large investment, and helps managers have greater vigilance. However, this process also implies losing space in terms of the company’s marketing.
  • As a company grows, the possibilities of exporting are greater. Currently, the largest companies are the first to export. Although small companies are also implementing techniques to export and enter the international market.
  • The total income of a company is not proportional to its size. That is, the magnitude of exports is established according to the relationship between exports and income.

Apart from the aforementioned, exports also go through several phases, which are detailed below:

Export Development Phases

In some cases, export transactions are carried out as result of a business project. For this reason, companies are sometimes involved in novel and unpredictable situations. As companies gain more experience in this field, they are prone to expanding into the market and various products.

The Initial Engagement Phase

The first phase includes companies that market their products and services within the local market, and companies that aspire to enter the export business.

Initial Export Phase

In this phase, the companies that carry out occasional export operations. Companies with capacity in the markets to export, and also companies that are not able to meet export needs.

The Advanced Phase

In this last phase, frequent export transactions are made. Companies that have experience carrying out operations in different countries. Likewise, companies capable of using different techniques to enter different markets.

Through this link, you can get more information about the export process.

Know them Export Requirements It is an essential factor to start exporting. However, choosing the products to be exported wisely is paramount. Only the required authorization should be taken into account.

In addition to this, it must be clear whether a country is suitable for such products to be exported or not. By having all the Export Requirements reunited, you can now carry out the respective procedures.

We wish you luck with this process!

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