Phytosanitary Certificate: Documents, Application and MORE

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The Phytosanitary certificate is a document intended to prevent the spread of harmful organisms, insects or parasites in plant products. It also has to do with other related materials through foreign trade activities.

Must be issued prior to export and / or import customs clearance. The concession period is sixty days, covering the usual transport time and the international cargo transport time. Distribution is done through the Ministry of Agriculture. Below we will guide you more on this topic.

Documents Needed for the Phytosanitary Certificate

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The documents required for its management are:

  • Request in original and copy, to obtain the corresponding certification of export of regulated merchandise in agricultural, livestock, aquaculture and fishing matters, see form here,
  • Proof of payment of the rights, in original and copy.
  • Present the documents requested by the country of destination, in original.

How to Obtain the Phytosanitary Certificate?

After making the payment of fees, you must submit the request in person or virtually, it is processed before the CFI or before him SENASICA. If all requirements are met, the federal agency will verify the certificate in less than 10 business days.

Phytosanitary Certificate Application

The phytosanitary certificate they should only contain information related to phytosanitary matters. You can view it in this link.

  • Capture the Request: Applicant: When you open the “Applicants” tab, Applicant, this information will coincide with the data held by the SAT to clarify any information. Specifically, you must go to the previous unit.
  • Request details: In this section, some necessary data will be requested, data must be entered to continue request. Similarly, part of the “product data”, where you must enter the product you intend to export.
  • Addressee: In this section the data of the recipient (final destination) will be requested, which must be clear to ensure that the goods arrive.
  • Necessary requirements: In this section the requirements are shown, we can select and / or delete them in the same way allowed Add more required files. On the right, we may need a new file. Please specify the type and click the “Add New” button. Finally, we click on the “Next” button to continue with the request.
  • Attach Documents: This section will display a list of documents that accompany each requirement in PDF format.
  • Sign Application: To register an application, the application must be signed to obtain a certificate. Phytosanitary export. The signature data is attached, it must be the same as the signature data when the application registration is started.
  • Accusations and Resolutions: The application informs that the request has been registered, shows the portfolio number, generates and sends Confirmation of receipt of the program. More details of this process on the page Web.

Offices to Obtain the Phytosanitary Certificate

You can manage the Phytosanitary Certificate at the SENASICA offices in México City, these are located at Boulevard Adolfo Ruiz Cortines No. 5010 PB Col. Insurgentes Cuicuilco, Coyoacán Delegation, Postal Code 04530.

There they give you personalized attention from Monday to Friday, from 9:00 am to 6:00 pm.

If you need any additional information, they can assist you free of charge by phone, by calling no. 01 55 59051000, ext. 51332 and 51396.

Processing costs

For each international phytosanitary certificate, for the export of vegetables, their products and by-products it has a cost of $ 558.00

What is it?

The Phytosanitary certificate It is a requirement for the export of products of plant origin, issued in México by the National Service of Health, Safety and Food Quality (SENASICA) of the Secretariat of Agriculture, Livestock, Rural Development, Fisheries and Food (SAGARPA).

It is a document required by the country or region to which you are exporting, in order to verify that the plants, their products and by-products, comply with the phytosanitary requirements of the country or region of destination.

The requirements vary according to the criteria required by the species to be exported and the country of destination. In the case of México, the guidelines are based on:

  • International standard for phytosanitary measures (ISPM / FAO).
  • Federal Law of Plant Health.
  • Official Mexican standards.
  • Announcement of agreements, for free or low prevalence areas.
  • National emergency device.

What information should a Phytosanitary certificate?

In accordance with the guidelines of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Phytosanitary certificate must include the following data:

  1. Unique serial number.
  2. The name of the official entity that issues the certificate. In the case of México, it is SENASICA.
  3. Name of the destination country and, if applicable, transit countries. Likewise, the requirements of the countries through which the product transits must also be met.
  4. Exporter data.
  5. Adressee details.
  6. Name and description of the goods.
  7. Distinctive marks of the goods.
  8. Place of origin, where the product was grown.
  9. Declared means of transport.
  10. Declared point of entry.
  11. Product name and declared quantity, as well as a detailed description of the merchandise.
  12. Botanical name of plants.
  13. Certification statement. Here it is determined that the product meets the phytosanitary requirements.
  14. Additional declaration if required.
  15. Disinfection treatment.
  16. Official stamp and name and data of the official who authorizes the merchandise.
  17. Statement of financial responsibility, optional.

When is a valid Phytosanitary certificate?

The reasons for a country to invalidate a phytosanitary certificate are:

  • Illegible or incomplete document.
  • Validity time expired or not observed.
  • Unauthorized alterations or erasures.
  • Conflicting or discrepant information.
  • Wording inconsistent with FAO certificate templates.
  • Certification of prohibited products.
  • Non-certified copies.

Does the type of packaging matter?

FAO has developed guidelines to regulate wooden packaging used in international trade. To prevent the spread of harmful organisms through this material.

The guidelines apply to packaging made of raw and non-cork cork, as well as pallets, stowage, cages, blocks, barrels, crates, load tables, pallet collars and FAO documents.

Since they affirm that almost all imported products are not usually necessary. Goods for phytosanitary inspection can be transported in packing bags and packed.

Instead, FAO stated that wooden packaging made entirely from wood products, such as plywood, particle board.

As well as oriented chipboard or plywood, plywood, heat and pressure, or a combination of them. They must be treated as properly processed, to eliminate risks, so they are exempt from supervision.

To reduce the presence of harmful organisms in wood, the recommendations are as follows:

  1. A heat treatment.
  2. Methyl bromide fumigation.

What products need a Phytosanitary Certificate?

The making of these phytosanitary certificates It is to prove that the shipment of plants and plant products meets the requirements, the phytosanitary products established at the time of importation.

Check if the certificate model meets the specified standards. A certificate phytosanitary should only be issued for this purpose.

When the certificate model is to be used for management, it is based on the drafting and formal introduction, so when preparing the certificate, attention must be paid to these models, so the phytosanitary certificate will become a formal law.

As long as these files have the correct information, their validity can help us easily identify them. All importing countries are responsible for requesting phytosanitary certificates for restricted commodities. Among them we can mention:

  • Plants.
  • Bulbs
  • Estate.
  • Seeds to sow.
  • Fruits.
  • Vegetables.
  • Flowers.
  • Chopped branches.
  • Grain.

Other products to consider

These phytosanitary certificates are also used for certain products of plant origin, which have already passed through nature or are carefully made through them, and it is believed that they can spread harmful organisms, such as cotton and wood.

If there are other special requirements, you can request a phytosanitary certificate; as long as it is technically reasonable and subject to regulations, such as: empty containers, cars and agents.

Those plant products produced in a non-representative way do not require a phytosanitary certificate, since there are no emergencies of pests or other elements.

When making changes to the phytosanitary certificate application, all the principles of transparency and non-discrimination must be considered and respected.

Regulation of the Federal Law of Plant Health

You must provide a series of original documents, which are used as legal support when importing plant derived products and other products, see here: General regulations on the transport of goods, depending on the products to be sent outside of México City.

Article 72 contemplates that any person interested in exporting some type of regulated merchandise may request the phytosanitary certificate, through the electronic channel and using the electronic signature, in accordance with legal regulations.

This regulation is universal throughout the country and its objective is to regulate the phytosanitary regulations of the Federal Plant Health Law.

As well as the application of risk reduction systems, verifying and certifying contamination in the primary production of vegetables to achieve adequate plant health.

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