Requirements to Form a Political Party: Steps, Functions and MORE

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This article will help you and explain everything about the Requirements to form a Political Party. Also the step by step of its functions and more. Take note!

Political parties are in the public interest. That is, the people who are in charge of the formation of a political party, plan and organize in order to share arguments and ideas for the same purpose.

If you are interested in exercising or taking care of this, you must comply with a series of Formalities for instituting a Political Party explained below.

What are the Requirements to Form a Political Party in Mexico?

In Mexican law, it is highlighted that autonomous and independent law in organizations.

It is emphasized that political parties must have the INE , That is why to create one you must meet the Requirements.

  1. It must present a declaration of principles, also an action plan and the regulations of the activities and must satisfy the minimum requirements decreed by law.
  2. In case of forming national political parties, you must have at least 3,000 followers at least in 20 entities federative. To have 30,000 militants, at least 200 districts single-member electoral bodies, and must have their credentials to exercise their right to vote in the corresponding state.
  3. For no reason, the total number of its militants in the nation, may be less than 0.26% of the electoral list that you have used in the ordinary federal election.
  4. If a local political party is formed, it must have supporters of at least two-thirds of the municipality of the entity or the delimitation of the Federal District. Which must have their credentials to exercise their vote in the boundaries or municipalities.
  5. For no reason, the average number of your followers may be less than 0.26% of the electoral list that you have used in the ordinary local election.
  6. It must be verified that in the calls they do not participate in trade associations.

Step by Step

According to article 11 of the General Law of Political Parties (2014) highlights that the corporation of citizens who wish to be structured in a political party, must aspire to register before the institute, either national political parties or before the local public entity.

In the case that they are local parties, they must communicate to the corresponding authorities in the month of January of the following years when the Presidential election of Mexico is held, or in the case that it is a national registry, governor or head of government referring to the registry local.

Once the notice is made, the institute will be notified monthly about the origin and direction of the resources, the first 10 days of each month.

Article 12 of the Political Party Law (2014) highlights that the following will be established for the Constitution of a national political party:

Requirements to form a political party: national

It must be complied with that with the convocation of assemblies, at least in 20 federal entities or 200 electoral districts. With the assistance of the entity in charge of the institute that will be in charge of:

Assembly celebration

  • The number of union members who attended and participated in the district or state assembly. At no time can it be less than 3,000 or 300, as the law highlights.
  • They must have written the formal manifestation document of each of the members who participated independently and accepted the arguments of principles, action plan and regulations. They must also choose the proprietary delegates and a substitute for the National Constitutive Assembly.
  • They must have completed the members list, with their respective personal data such as: name, surname, password and the card of the voting credential.
  • When the assemblies are held, it should not allow union organizations or other organizations with a social purpose other than that of establishing the political party to participate under any circumstance.

Presence of the appointed official

When the national assemblies are called, the official appointed by the Institute must be present and certify:

  • The managers or substitutes chosen in the assemblies.
  • These people must demonstrate through established minutes, that the assemblies are held with respect to the first section.
  • Verify the information and address of those in charge of the national assembly, through their credential to exercise their vote or other important document.
  • Managers must accept the principles, action plan and statutes.
  • Comply with completing the lists of members.

Requirements to form a political party: local

According to article 13 of the General Law of Political Parties (2014), it highlights that citizens when constituting a local political party must demonstrate the following steps:

Celebration

There must be a convocation of at least two-thirds of the local voting districts or, if applicable, in the territorial limitations or municipalities of the Federal District, according to the case, an assembly will be formed and the authority of the Local Public Agency where it will certify:

  • The amount of members who participated in assemblies that may not be less than 0.26% of the electoral roll of the district, territorial limitation or municipality.
  • In the case of the members who registered the document of formal manifestation of affiliation, which certifies that the members participated independently and that they approve the arguments of principle, the action plan and the regulations. Also that they have chosen the managers and substitutes to the local assembly.
  • Having complied with what is explained in the previous point, the lists of members must be compiled with their respective personal information.
  • Must not exist union organizations.

Presence of the appointed official

  • The managers or substitutes chosen in the assemblies.
  • These people must demonstrate through established minutes, that the assemblies are held with respect to the first section.
  • Verify the information and address of those in charge of the national assembly, by means of their credential to exercise their vote or other important document.
  • Managers must accept the principles, action plan and statutes.
  • Comply with completing the lists of members.

Features

The functions to be performed by the political parties are the following:

  1. The main one is they appoint and endorse their candidates in the elections.
  2. The people who make up these parties must socialize in the world of politics and have Good speech.
  3. Come to an agreement to establish the common interests.
  4. Listen to the requests of the citizens towards the powers.
  5. Reinforce and balance political doctrine.
  6. They stimulate political participation, so that citizens attend public events.
  7. Provision in the vote. That is, they organize the variety of electoral options.
  8. They contain the principles, plans and ideas that are favorable to the acivic learning.
  9. They keep the register of the representatives.

Benefits of Forming a Political Party

  1. The nation has citizens organized to exercise democracy.
  2. Parties can organize citizens throughout the national territory, to exercise their rights, whether regional, national, etc.
  3. They are the organizations that can make exchanges with international political organizations.
  4. The parties are organizations that make available to citizens activities such as: cultural, intellectual, political, depending on the level of the followers.
  5. Parties can increase the number of voters.
  6. By joining forces, parties can increase their influence.

Legal Aspects to Form a Political Party

The General Law of Political Parties is in force since 2014. It authorizes the electoral bodies, the constitutional order that all political parties, both local and national, must comply with.

It also establishes that they must be governed by federal and local powers to start the matches. They must also notify the registration dates, the rights and responsibilities of the followers; establish fundamental requirements of the governing bodies.

What is a political party?

The parties are entities created and structured to promote and promote the participation of citizens in the democratic sphere and cooperate in the incorporation of national representation.

If you are interested in doing this, you must comply with the Requirements to form a Political Party.

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