Steps and Requirements to Donate Plasma in Mexico

16 minutos de lectura

In Mexico, almost five thousand units of blood are donated daily, from which components such as plasma, one of the most valuable, are extracted. However, as in many Latin American countries, they still depend on donations from family or friends for supply and self-sufficiency.

For this reason, work is being done to raise awareness of the importance of this type of voluntary, altruistic and repeated donation as the safest source for patients who require a blood transfusion.

We hope that with this article your knowledge about the Requirements to donate plasma and motivate you to donate blood in Mexico to have this valuable resource.

Requirements to donate plasma

  • Feel good. Do not present symptoms or signs such as: cough, runny nose, sore throat, diarrhea, among others.
    • Not undergoing medical or dental treatment; not have any infection or disease; have slept a minimum of 6 hours; not take any medication or painkillers or contraceptives of any kind; not having been vaccinated (one month earlier).
    • Diabetics and people with blood pressure problems treated with medication can do this. If you have the flu, you have to wait at least 15 days; in case of dengue, one month; and Zika, eight months.
  • Be at least 18 years old and maximum 65.
  • Minimum weight of 50Kg. (Not counting clothes and shoes).
  • Have a 4-hour fast, although it is allowed to drink drinks and eat fruits before the donation.
  • Do not eat dairy or fatty foods the day before the donation.
  • Not having consumed alcoholic beverages in the last 48 hours.
  • Not having consumed pain relievers such as acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) or other anti-inflammatory drugs in the last 5 days.
  • Have not had tattoos, piercings or acupuncture in the last year.
  • Those who suffered from Hepatitis A before the age of 10 can donate.
  • In the case of minor surgery or uncomplicated tooth extraction, wait 7 days. Otherwise you must not have had any surgeries in 6 months.
  • Not having had a heart attack or arrhythmias.
  • Not having more than one sexual partner or risk partner in the last year.

  • People who cannot donate are: those who suffer or have suffered from cancer, hepatitis B, anemia, HIV, malaria, Chagas, people who know that they lead an unhealthy lifestyle (whether they consume drugs, alcohol, etc.) should also abstain.

Insulin dependents cannot be donors, nor can those who had hepatitis after the age of 10, nor pregnant or lactating women.

Documentation to donate plasma

Submit Original Voter Credential (INE) or passport or SMN card, CURRENT driver’s license with photograph.

Steps to donate plasma

the donors they must have availability of about 50 minutes: At this time, your vital signs, weight, and blood pressure are checked. Then a medical interview is done, and if you are fit, blood is drawn.

Plasma donation is also called plasmapheresis and in fact in many cases it is used as a medical treatment for all its benefits.

Before you donate

Keep these recommendations in mind: not fasting; it is recommended to ingest around 500 ml. of fluids before donating, drink plenty of fluids throughout the day (juices, tea, coffee), be rested, wear comfortable clothes, show up with identification.

When you arrive at the place where the donation will be made, the donor will be attended by a professional team and will receive pre-donation information. You will have an interview with trained personnel who will determine if you can take it.

All information that the donor provides is confidential. yesIf you are eligible to donate, you go to the extraction stage.

when donating

The extraction will be carried out by technical personnel following strict standards of safety, quality, hygiene and comfort. This process lasts from 50′ to 70′ in total. The extraction is not painful.

It is recommended to be calm and as relaxed as possible. If you feel any discomfort or discomfort during the donation or afterwards, it is necessary to notify the medical personnel who are there to attend to you.

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You may be interested in our article on: “Requirements to Donate Blood in the IMSS”

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During plasmapheresis, blood is initially drawn through the use of large-gauge needles in the veins of the extremities (usually the arms) or a catheter implanted in the large veins of the neck (internal jugular vein), chest (subclavian vein or axillary) or groin (femoral vein).

If a catheter is used, it should be inserted under prior local anesthesia or light sedation. The Hickman catheter is the type of catheter most often chosen for this purpose.

During the plasmapheresis procedure medications are used to prevent the blood from clotting (anticoagulants) outside the body.

Plasma is separated from other blood components by one of three methods:

  • Continuous flow centrifugation: Two venous lines are used. This method requires slightly less blood volume outside the body at any one time than batch flow centrifugation, as it can continuously spread plasma. This is the most frequently used method today.
  • Batch flow centrifugation: A venous line is required. Usually, a 300-mL batch of blood is drawn at a time and centrifuged to separate the plasma from the blood cells.
  • Plasma Filtration: Two venous lines are used. The plasma is filtered using standard hemodialysis equipment.

Once the plasma is removed, the remaining blood is returned to the patient along with a plasma replacement, such as albumin or a combination of albumin and saline. During the course of a session, three to four liters of plasma can be extracted.

after donating

after donation receive a snack and post-donation counseling. It is advisable to avoid great physical efforts and sudden movements. If you are a smoker, do not smoke for two hours after the extraction.

Side effects may include bleeding or a hematoma (blood under the skin) from the needle placement. If a catheter is used, there may be bleeding around the catheter placement site.

There is an increased tendency to get bacterial infections with catheter use, and bacteria can enter the bloodstream and cause sepsis. Great care must be taken to keep the catheter site clean and dry.

The anticoagulant commonly used in plasmapheresis is citrate, which has a tendency to bind to calcium in the blood, potentially leading to dangerously low calcium levels. To prevent this, calcium may be given intravenously (IV) or by mouth during the procedure.

Another possible complication during the procedure is low blood pressure. Patients may experience dizziness, lightheadedness, or fainting.

Because plasma contains factors that coagulate blood, its removal may temporarily reduce the blood’s ability to clot.

What is plasma?

The blood is made up of PLASMA (54%) which It is a yellow liquid in which blood cells float, it has water, nutrients, proteins and hormones.

Plasma in the portion of the blood that remains after red blood cells, leukocytes (white blood cells), and platelets are removed.

the plasma It consists of water, salts, enzymes, albumin, antibodies, and other proteins. Plasma proteins carry out a variety of roles, including blood clotting, fighting disease, and other critical functions.

How many liters of blood are needed for 1 liter of plasma?

To fractionate or separate the components of a unit of 480 milliliters of blood, a refrigerated centrifuge is usedwhich by means of temperatures separates the elements.

First, the erythrocyte concentrate is obtained. The plasma with platelets remains in another bag that undergoes a second centrifugation to separate them.

This is the original process, let’s say, but we already explained to you earlier that there is a much more modern process in which only the plasma is extracted and the other components are returned to the donor.

If we take into account that the plasma represents between 54% and 55% of the blood to obtain a liter approximately 1.85 liters of blood must be processed.

The process is allowed to be done even twice a weeksince the plasma, which is 92% water, is recovered much sooner than in the case of whole blood.

You can also get more than one donor. During the course of a session, three to four liters of plasma can be extracted. Although of course it is recommended that the amount of blood used per session be 800 milliliters, this in order to reduce side effects and take care of the donor’s health.

What is plasma used for?

plasma transfusions are used to carry all the coagulation factors and are widely used in patients with liver problems or liver cirrhosis, and patients with burns.

The pharmaceutical industry must also be considered, that is, the laboratory is a world leader in plasma derivatives, such as factor VIII used by hemophiliacs or immunoglobulin, which are extracted precisely from that plasma.

Benefits of donating plasma

Multiple studies have been conducted on plasmapheresis It is also considered a therapy. One of the benefits that most surprises specialists is that people who undergo this process lower your total cholesterol levels; especially the LDL that we know as bad cholesterol.

It is the result of a study carried out with a group of 663 donors by the Grifols company at its plasma collection centers in the United States.

It is a phenomenon that has many scientists interested because they do not know why. Studies like this one began to be done because of doctors’ concern for donors due to the side effects of donation.

And they discovered that total cholesterol is decreased by 45 points in men and 35 in women; bad cholesterol is reduced by around 35 points regardless of the gender of the donor.

In addition, this reduction is proportional to the excess that the donors have. Well, if a person has normal levels, they just don’t go down.

This is the benefit that has doctors most surprised, however plasmapheresis has been taken as a therapy even for syndromes such as guillen barre and for autoimmune and rheumatic diseases.

Also for kidney diseases because it is a process similar to dialysis although much simpler.

Life jacket: each donor can save four people. During the extraction, 450 cc —cubic centimeters— or half a liter of blood is obtained from each donor.

Different blood components are extracted from each unit: packed cells, fresh frozen plasma, platelets and cryoprecipitate. Each component can help a sick person.

Sites in Mexico to donate plasma

Today in Mexico if you want to donate plasma, you must donate blood directly, since they are not trained for the direct extraction of plasma and the re-entry into the body of the other components.

The donation incentive in Mexico has a particular situation, since Mexicans prefer to cross the border to carry out this procedure, due to the monetary incentive that said donation provides them, apart from physical well-being.

If your intention is totally altruistic and you decide to donate blood in Mexico so that its components, including plasma, are available, these are the places where you can go:

  • Red Cross National Headquarters
    Juan Luis Vives No. 200 Col. Los Morales Polanco Miguel Hidalgo Delegation CP 11510 Mexico, DF Switchboard
    Telephone:+ (55) 10 84 90 00
  • Baja California State Delegation
    Blvd. Díaz Ordaz no.14517-1 module A. Colonia Fracc. The fountains, plaza 5 and 10. ZIP: 22600 Tijuana, Baja California.
    Telephone: (664) 448 28 20 to 23
    Schedule: Monday to Friday, 08:00 a.m. At 6:00 p.m.
  • Baja California Sur State Delegation
    Av. Reforma No. 1091. Colonia Centro. ZIP: 23000 La Paz, Baja California Sur.
    Telephone: (612) 122 11-01
    Schedule: Monday to Friday, 08:00 a.m. At 6:00 p.m.
  • Sonora State Delegation
    Paseo De La Floresta No. 65 Between Olivares And Paseo Valle Grande. Colonia Valle Grande. ZIP: 83205 Hermosillo, Sonora.
    Telephone: (662) 210-63-66, (662) 210-82-70
    Schedule: Monday to Friday, 08:00 a.m. A
  • Chihuahua State Delegation
    Paseo de Arareco No. 15101 Colonia Paseos de Chihuahua. ZIP: 31125 Chihuahua, Chihuahua.
    Telephone: (614) 481-77-77, 481-33-00
    Schedule: Monday to Friday, 08:00 a.m. At 6:00 p.m.
  • Sinaloa State Delegation
    Blvd. Ciudades Hermanas, esq. Albert Einstein No. 797 Ote. Colony Antonio Rosales. ZIP: 80230 Culiacan, Sinaloa.
    Telephone: (667) 712-58-68, (667) 7125866
    Schedule: Monday to Friday, 08:00 a.m. At 6:00 p.m.
  • Durango State Delegation
    5 de Febrero and Reforma S/N Colonia Burócrata CP: 34279 Durango, Durango.
    Telephone: (618) 817-52-22
    Schedule: Monday to Friday, 08:00 a.m. At 6:00 p.m.
  • Coahuila State Delegation
    Blvd. Carlos Abedrop No. 2225. Colonia Centro Metropolitano. fraction The wonders. ZIP: 25022 Saltillo, Coahuila.
    Telephone: (844) 412-43-30, 412-12-06, 414-33-33, 412-37-80, 412-24-76
    Schedule: Monday to Friday, 08:00 a.m. At 6:00 p.m.
  • Zacatecas State Delegation
    Calle Calzada de la Cruz Roja No.100 Colonia Centro. ZIP: 98000 Zacatecas, Zacatecas.
    Telephone:(492) 922-33-23, (492) 925-01-50
  • Nuevo Leon State Delegation
    Av. Alfonso Reyes 2503 North Colonia Del Prado. ZIP: 64410 Monterrey, Nuevo Leon.
    Telephone: (818) 1477-14-53
    Schedule: Monday to Friday, 08:00 a.m. At 6:00 p.m.
  • Tamaulipas State Delegation
    Lib. Fidel Velázquez and Calle Flores Magón S/N Colonia Centro. ZIP: 89000 Cd. Victoria, Tamaulipas.
    Telephone: (834) 11-00615,(834) 11-01830
    Schedule: Monday to Friday, 08:00 a.m. At 6:00 p.m.
  • Zacatecas State Delegation
    Calle Calzada de la Cruz Roja No.100 Colonia Centro. ZIP: 98000 Zacatecas, Zacatecas.
    Telephone:(492) 922-33-23, (492) 925-01-50
    Schedule: Monday to Friday, 08:00 a.m. At 6:00 p.m.
  • Nayarit State Delegation
    Av. Insurgentes and Rey Nayar S/N. Colonia Los Llanitos. ZIP: 63170 Tepic, Nayarit.
    Telephone: (311) 214-62-75
    Schedule: Monday to Friday, 08:00 a.m. At 6:00 p.m.
  • Aguascalientes State Delegation
    Dr. Enrique González Medina #104 Colonia Fracc. The Golden. ZIP: 20230. Aguascalientes, Aguascalientes.
    Telephone: (449) 916-58-55
    Schedule: Monday to Friday, 08:00 a.m. At 6:00 p.m.
  • San Luis Potosí State Delegation
    Calzada de Guadalupe No. 540 Colonia Barrio de San Miguelito. ZIP: 78330 San Luis Potosí, San Luis Potosí.
    Telephone: (444) 8-20-55-53. 444-8-39-24-14, 444-8-15-73-14
    Schedule: Monday to Friday, 08:00 a.m. At 6:00 p.m.
  • Jalisco State Delegation
    San Felipe No. 7 Colonia Centro. ZIP: 44100 Guadalajara, Jalisco.
    Telephone:(333) 614-12-69, (333) 614-12-85, (333) 36 13 12 13, (333) 613-65-65
    Schedule: Monday to Friday, 08:00 a.m. At 6:00 p.m.
  • Guanajuato State Delegation
    Blvd. Mariano Escobedo No. 4502, First Floor-Locales 19 and 20 Colonia San Isidro de Jerez. ZIP: 37530 León, Guanajuato.
    Telephone: (477) 637-65-03, (477) 637-65-04
    Schedule: Monday to Friday, 08:00 a.m. At 6:00 p.m.
  • Queretaro State Delegation
    Av. Balustrades. Esq. Stadium. South Central Colony. ZIP: 76070 Santiago de Queretaro, Queretaro.
    Telephone: (442) 192-87-60
    Schedule: Monday to Friday, 08:00 a.m. At 6:00 p.m.

  • Hidalgo State Delegation
    Chest of Perote S/N Colonia San Cayetano. ZIP: 42084 Pachuca, Hidalgo.
    Telephone:(771)718-42-89 (771)719-19-16
    Schedule: Monday to Friday, 08:00 a.m. At 6:00 p.m.
  • Colima State Delegation
    Aldama No. 117. Esq. Álvaro Obregón Colonia Centro Zip Code: 28000 Colima, Colima.
    Telephone: (312) 312-22-42, (312) 312-66-22
    Schedule: Monday to Friday, 08:00 a.m. At 6:00 p.m.
  • Michoacan State Delegation
    Av. Ventura Puente No. 27 Colonia Centro. ZIP: 58000 Morelia, Michoacan.
    Telephone: (443) 324-33-35, (443) 324-98-60
    Schedule: Monday to Friday, 08:00 a.m. At 6:00 p.m.
  • State Delegation of the State of Mexico
    Paseo de Santa Elena No. 72 Colonia Fracc. St. Helen. ZIP: 52100 San Mateo Atenco, State of Mexico.
    Telephone: 01 (728) 282-38-64 AND 65
    Schedule: Monday to Friday, 08:00 a.m. At 6:00 p.m.
  • Mexico City State Delegation
    National Army 1032 Colonia Los Morales Polanco ZIP: 11510 Mexico City, Mexico.
    Telephone: 52-5395-1111
    Schedule: Monday to Sunday, 00:00 hrs. to 24:00 hrs.
  • Tlaxcala State Delegation
    Allende No. 48. Colonia Centro. ZIP: 90000 Tlaxcala, Tlaxcala.
    Telephone: (246) 466-28-50, 462-09-20
    Schedule: Monday to Friday, 08:00 a.m. At 6:00 p.m.
  • Morelos State Delegation
    Av. Felipe Rivera Crespo No. 1, 4th Floor. Colonia Bosques de Chapultepec. ZIP: 62450 Cuernavaca, Morelos.
    Telephone: (777) 322 72 47
    Schedule: Monday to Friday, 08:00 a.m. At 6:00 p.m.
  • Guerrero State Delegation
    Andrea Doria No. 1 Colonia Fracc. Blue Coast. ZIP: 39850 Acapulco, Guerrero.
    Telephone: (744)484-94-60
    Schedule: Monday to Friday, 08:00 a.m. At 6:00 p.m.
  • Puebla State Delegation
    Av. Oriente No. 1002 Colonia San Francisco. ZIP: 72000 Puebla, Puebla.
    Telephone: (222) 236-51-02, 236-13-11
    Schedule: Monday to Friday, 08:00 a.m. At 6:00 p.m.
  • Veracruz State Delegation
    Boulevard Lazaro Cardenas Street No. 108 Colonia Palma Sola. ZIP: 93320 Veracruz, Veracruz.
    Telephone: (782) 822-01-01
    Schedule: Monday to Friday, 08:00 a.m. At 6:00 p.m.
  • Oaxaca State Delegation
    Armenta and López No. 700 Colonia Centro. ZIP: 68000 Oaxaca, Oaxaca.
    Telephone: (951) 514 89 65
    Schedule: Monday to Friday, 08:00 a.m. At 6:00 p.m.
  • Tabasco State Delegation
    Av. Paseo Tabasco No. 613. Colonia Jesús García. ZIP: 86040 Tabasco, Tabasco.
    Telephone: 01-99-315 16 00 AND 315-50-97
    Schedule: Monday to Friday, 08:00 a.m. At 6:00 p.m.
  • Chiapas State Delegation
    Libramiento Norte, Oriente No. 451. Colonia Albania Baja. ZIP: 29010 Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas.
    Telephone: (981) 827-54-38
    Schedule: Monday to Friday, 08:00 a.m. At 6:00 p.m.
  • Campeche State Delegation
    Av. Las Palmas S/N Colonia Barrio Las Palmas. ZIP: 24090 Campeche, Campeche.
    Telephone: (961) 618-16-08
    Schedule: Monday to Friday, 08:00 a.m. At 6:00 p.m.
  • Quintana Roo State Delegation
    Blvd. Kukulkan Lt D1-A Km 2.7, Edif. Xcaret Colonia Bahía Hotel Zone. ZIP: 77500 Cancun, Quintana Roo.
    Telephone: 01 (998)849 56 86
    Schedule: Monday to Friday, 08:00 a.m. At 6:00 p.m.
  • Yucatan State Delegation
    Av. Quetzalcoatl Street No. 104 Colonia El Vergel. ZIP: 97173 Merida, Yucatan.
    Telephone:(999) 983-02-27, 983-02-32, 983-03-06, 983-02-11
    Schedule: Monday to Friday, 08:00 a.m. At 6:00 p.m.

Do you pay to donate plasma?

Here we have a big dilemma. In Mexico there are laws that prohibit the commercialization of blood and its components; In addition to clearly indicating what should be the procedure to be followed before and after the donation is made.

All these regulations were imposed after there was an HIV epidemic in the 1980s, many times due to contamination during transfusions.

However, there are multiple laboratories in the United States that pay «donors» and we put it in quotes because if you charge for it you kill the altruistic nature of a donation.

Plasmapheresis clinics supply transnational pharmaceutical laboratories, hungry for blood plasma for the manufacture of immunological drugs

Only in the 17 plasma clinics that exist in the border strip of Texas – an eighth part of the total of these existing establishments in the United States – profits of around 300 million dollars are obtained annually in the sale of this element.

Estimates from local doctors indicate that 90 percent of plasma donors —from both sides of the border— are Mexican.

The payment for each half liter of plasma fluctuates between nine dollars (Brownsville) and 20 (El Paso)

Dr. Ramírez Mariles explained that the donor —often with limited financial resources— is extracted half a liter of blood through a system called plasmapheresis.

“That blood is centrifuged, put into a device and the plasma is separated from it, the substantial part that is protein; they extract 80 percent, and then they reintegrate the red blood cells (20 percent), already dissolved in saline solution or physiological serum”.

Alfredo Longoria, a pharmaceutical chemist, indicated that the plasma handled as raw material is a vital liquid for obtaining gamma globulins, which are used in medicine to obtain immunological vaccines against tetanus, hepatitis, rabies, measles and others. Tetanus gamma globulin, he said, costs up to 300 pesos per cubic centimeter, that is, what is paid for half a liter of plasma to a donor in El Paso, Texas

Most of the border plasma centers are located near the dividing lineand are distinguished by large red signs indicating that plasma is donated there.

How often can plasma be donated?

Unlike blood donations, plasma can be done more often. Specialists say that plasma can be donated without problems biweekly.

When you donate blood, it is only 450 to 500 milliliters and you must wait a few months until your body recovers because when you lose leukocytes, red blood cells, platelets, plasma, in short, you lose a reduced amount of blood but of all its components. And it takes time for the body to fully replenish them.

When you donate plasma, you replenish it easily because more than 90% of it is water; some specialists say you recover the amount lost in the next 24 hours.

Donating altruistically in Mexico more frequently will make this country self-sufficient in this matter and will be able to face adversity where this vital resource is needed.

We hope that the Requirements to donate plasma, They have served you to become aware of this matter and thus collaborate with great pleasure!

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We recommend the following reading: “Requirements to Take out Seguro Popular”

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