What is Scrum ?: Definition, Origin, Fundamentals, How It Works and MORE

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What is Scrum?Perhaps it is a question for many, but there are not so many who know about it. However, it is a method linked to specific projects proposed by a certain company. In this sense, it is defined as a work methodology.

If you don’t know exactly what this refers to, This article may interest you! Next we will mention relevant information about the origin of Scrum, what fundamentals it is based on, what it is and much more.

Continue reading!

What is Scrum?

To begin with, the Scrum It is a schedule of activities for certain projects that are separated into small blocks or iterations. In such a way that, its sole purpose is to review the stages and improve them, on the other hand, the software development sector is the main representative of this type of agile methodology, Scrum Software.

In another order of ideas, Scrum is defined as a labor framework that promotes the collaborative work between teams. In this sense, it encourages these teams to learn through experiences and to continually improve. In other words, the methodology Scrum, it’s a framework that is applied within teams that handle complex projects.

While it is true, it is a methodology of work agile Its purpose is to deliver value in short periods of time. For this, 3 fundamental bases as they are: transparency, inspection and adaptation.

Although Scrum known as an agile project management framework, it also takes care of working with tools and feature sets and meetings that operate in a coordinated manner to help teams structure and direct their work.


Now the term Scrum was defined by Ikujiro Nonaka and Hirotaka Takeuchi in the 1980s, when technology development companies began to dominate the market and direct work behaviors. In their study, Nonaka and Takeuchi compared the new form of teamwork, with the advancement in training of scrum of rugby players.

It is important to mention that, “scrum” is known as “Scrum “ in English. On the other hand, despite the fact that this way of working arose in technology companies, it is suitable for any type of project that has unstable requirements for which speed and flexibility are needed. These situations are frequent in the development of certain software systems.

If you want to know more about this topic, we invite you to enter the next link. There you will find a page with reviews about books that deal with Scrum.

Check it out!

Fundamentals of Scrum Methodology

Each methodology is governed by certain procedures and in turn, is based on certain foundations that are characteristic of said system. In this case, the Scrum methodology It is based on the principles of incremental development.

It should be noted that these principles translate into practices that support each other. Of course, your selection is generated by the highly productive teams working on the projects. Next, we will mention some of the fundamentals of the Scrum methodology.

For instance.

  • The prioritization of requirements by customer value and development cost in each iteration.
  • The empirical control of the project. At the end of each iteration, the result obtained is shown to the client, in such a way that the necessary decision-making can be carried out based on what is observed and the context of the project at that time.
  • Likewise, it is important to mention that the team synchronizes daily and makes adaptations if necessary.
  • The empowerment of the team. This refers to the commitment to consign certain requirements and for this, it is given the necessary power to organize its work.
  • The incremental development of the project requirements in temporary, short and fixed blocks. That is, iterations of one month and up to two weeks.
  • Collaboration and communication between the team and the client.
  • The timeboxing of project activities, to help decision-making and to obtain quality results.

Advantages of the Scrum Methodology

While it is true, the Scrum methodology is a system efficient and productive that ensures collaborative work between teams and promotes incremental development. In addition to this, it offers some advantageTherefore, below you will find a list of what are the benefits of applying this methodology.

  1. First, Scrum it is very easy to learn. As well as roles, milestones and tools are clear and understandable points that have a specific objective. Therefore, it is a method related to our daily way of working.
  2. The customer can use the product quickly.
  3. Less probability of surprises since the client is constantly checking the project.
  4. The process is streamlined, since the delivery of value is very frequent.

What are Iterations?

If you notice, throughout the article we have mentioned the term several times “Iterations”, so you will surely wonder … What is it? don’t worry, we’ll explain it below!

In this sense, iterations they are defined as mini projects. For example, a similar working procedure is repeated in all iterations to provide an overall result on a final product. In such a way that the client can obtain benefits from the project incrementally.

Therefore, each requirement must be completed in a single iteration. Indeed, the team must execute the necessary tasks to complete it together with their respective tests and documentation. That is, you must be prepared to deliver them to the customer with the minimum effort required.

Finally, it is important to mention that in each iteration the team the product evolves. Likewise, based on the results completed in previous iterations, new objectives or requirements can be progressively added, thus improving those that have already been completed.

What is Timeboxing?

The concept of Timeboxing It is defined as time management. For example, assign a fixed period of time, called a timebox, within which the planned activity must be fulfilled. This term is often used in various project disciplines and for personal time management.

How does it work?

As we already know, Scrum It works as a method that allows teamwork through iterations. In such a way that, Scrum is defined as an agile methodology and therefore its main objective is to control and plan complex projects that ensure a large volume of changes at the last minute.

In general terms, this methodology focuses on adjust their results and respond to specific customer demands. Based on this, the requirements are reviewed since they may vary in the short term.

The iterations are usually scheduled by weeks, therefore, at the end of each one of them, the validated work of the previous week is reviewed. Based on this, the activities in which the resources should be invested in the next iteration are prioritized and planned. Let’s say that the minimum time for an iteration is one week and the maximum is four, that is, one month.

Scrum Team Roles

Now with the Scrum methodology, the team’s main focus is to deliver value and offer quality results that allow the fulfillment of objectives. For this reason, the teams of Scrum they are multifunctional and self-organized. Let’s say that each one is in charge of starting the established tasks and finishing them just in time.

This guarantees delivery of the value of the entire team, without the need for supervision by other members of the organization. On the other hand, in Scrum there are 3 essential roles: Product Owner, Scrum Master and Development Team.

Product Owner

The Product Owner is in charge of increasing the value of the development team’s work. In this case, maximizing work value is linked to good Product Backlog management.

Generally speaking, the Product Owner It is the only profile that maintains a direct and constant relationship with the client, therefore it is necessary to have business knowledge. Likewise, it is important to mention that a Scrum team should only have one Product Owner and this can be part of the development team.

Scrum master

On the other hand, the Scrum master is responsible for the strategies Scrum are understood and applied in the organization. That is, it is the manager of Scrum, since it is responsible for reducing inconveniences that the team may have within an iteration. Thus, the necessary techniques will be applied to strengthen the digital marketing team.

In short, within the organization the Scrum master has the activity of helping in the process of adapting this methodology in all teams.

Development team

Finally, the development team is the group in charge of completing the tasks prioritized by the Product Owner. Let’s say it is a self-organized and cross-functional team estimating the tasks of the product backlog.

What is the Product Backlog?

This is a term that relates to the Product Owner. Therefore, it is of great importance to define its concept, in such a way that the Product Backlog is a list of tasks that encompasses an entire project. That is, any task that needs to be completed must be reflected in the Product Backlog and also contain a time set by the development team.

Thanks for reading! We hope to have provided useful information about the Scrum and its foundations.

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