Donating blood is an act of love that is accompanied by one of the best gifts that is giving life to others, donating blood is one of the social needs that currently exists in any country, there is regularly the need of millions of people that their peers may have a sensitive heart to contribute their blood so that many of them can live.
In this way it is necessary that each human being can recognize that they can become a volunteer to contribute life to others through them, All the requirements requested for this contribution are extremely simple, we only invite you that through this article you can know all the steps you need to carry out for this.
Requirements to donate blood
- Have identity document with your name
- Be between the ages of 18 and 65
- Have subsequently slept at least 5 hours
- Weigh more than 50 kg
- Have eaten during the last 5 hours (breakfast or lunch)
- If you have donated, allow at least 3 months to pass if you are a man. If you are a woman, you must wait at least 4 months to become a donor again.
All these requirements are mandatory when you become a voluntary donor.
Documents to donate blood
The documentation required by the donation centers is quite accessible since all these documents are to verify donor information.
- You must have an identification card, passport or DNI
- Laboratory tests that confirm that you are completely healthy to donate
Steps to donate blood
Becoming a blood donor involves some important steps that we will present to you below:
- Go to the nearest blood donation center in your state.
- Request to register on the volunteer list
- If you have any medical treatment, you should consult it at the donation center.
- If you have carried out any type of ontological treatment, you must notify those in charge of carrying out the donation process.
- If you suffer from any chronic disease, you must notify the institution in charge of your donation.
- If it has been operated in the last few months, you must notify the authorized personnel.
- If you are completely healthy, register with the institution qualified for this.
- Refrain from smoking or drinking liquor at the time of donation
Before donating blood
Before carrying out the donation procedure, the donor must comply with some necessary suggestions for the procedure to be effective.
- The volunteer must have slept and rested well the night before.
- Donors cannot be fasting
- If you have low iron levels, you should eat legumes and prepare iron-rich foods.
During the donation
It is necessary to measure your pulse and check that your blood pressure and temperature are stable, It is examined by taking a blood sample to check that they do not have anemia. All the people who are going to carry out this procedure are asked a series of questions about their state of health and the factors that could affect it or are affecting it, and about the countries they have visited to be sure that they have not been contaminated by any virus or epidemic that has been in that region.
In order not to run any risks, the volunteer must comply with the following recommendations:
- Wait at least 30 minutes at rest
- Consume enough liquid
- No smoking for two hours
- Do not consume alcoholic beverages
- Avoid work activities that involve risks
- Maintain compression on the arm for at least 1 hour
- Do not perform sudden physical exercises.
Where to go to donate blood?
To make your donation you must go to the following centers:
- Nicaraguan Red Cross
- Central Bank of Managua
- Western Regional Blood Bank
Who can not donate blood?
People who have the following deficiencies cannot be donors.
- If you are fasting: We know that for most tests doctors recommend fasting, but when it comes to being a blood donation volunteer, the opposite is required. All donors must attend the day assigned to their donation having breakfast, so as not to run the risk of feeling dizzy at the time of extraction.
- If the donor weighs less than 50 kilos, they cannot be a donor, since one of the rules to be able to donate is 450 cc, which is the amount required for each patient and thus not harm the health of the donor in any way.
- If you have recently had tattoos and have spent less than 4 months at any donation center they will not allow you to be a donation volunteer.
- If you are under medical treatment that includes taking antibiotics, you cannot be a donor since antibiotics are used to fight certain infections.
- If you are a carrier of HIV you cannot be a donor since your blood is contaminated.
- If you are pregnant or, on the contrary, have just given birth or are breastfeeding, you must wait six months to be able to make your donation contribution.
How much blood is donated?
Normally the amount of blood to be donated is approximately 450 cubic centimeters of blood, that a little less than half a liter of blood, with this amount it is possible to capture the three necessary components such as red blood cells, plasma and platelets. Donors can be calm with this procedure since this does not weaken the person, since it was previously medically proven that this is the amount that a person between 18 and 65 years old can donate. And this does not carry any risk.
One of the recommendations to quickly recover the hemoglobin and iron that we give. Doctors suggest that donors eat red meats such as beef, liver, fish, green vegetables including spinach and Swiss chard, and grains such as lentils at lunch.
The amount of blood that is donated in relation to the amount that circulates through our veins and body is minimal. The blood is constantly being renewed and produced, the amount that is extracted 450 cc is recovered after having donated in the course of days.
How often can you donate blood?
Men are recommended to donate a minimum of four times a year, but women are recommended to donate only three times a year, with a minimum interval of two months between donations.
For women, this procedure changes a bit, because the iron deposits in women decrease each month due to their menstrual process.By carrying out this procedure in this way, men who donate four times a year and women who only donate three times have lost a similar amount of iron in a year.
No type of blood donation carries any type of risk, but it is necessary that the health and well-being of the donor are matched for the transfusion service.
Benefits of donating blood
Many people decide to donate blood to feel healthy and experience the satisfaction of helping and bringing life to others, although there are other people who, by not going to a donation center, and struggling with their fear of needles or not thinking about donating blood, lose the benefits that this act grants to all those who decide to do so.
Carrying out this act of love and humanity gives us the benefit of:
- Our iron which is mainly used as part of hemoglobin increases
- Improve our blood flow
- It informs us of our state of health, our temperature and blood pressure are controlled
- Extend our years of life this act increases our life expectancy. People who perform this voluntary act can extend their lives a little longer, this depends a lot on the context and the personality of each one.
Do you pay to donate blood?
It is not allowed for any institution or individual to make any type of payment for blood donation, donating blood is a voluntary, altruistic and selfless act that seeks to provide help to any patient in many countries, particularly in Nicaragua it is forbidden to receive any type of payment for performing this act.
Receiving money for blood is punishable by law. It will be fined the person who receives money by donation and the one who pays for this act that should be a voluntary act of every person who wants it and wants to contribute life to others.
What is done with the donated blood?
The vast majority of centers authorized to make these donations are responsible for collecting, processing and analyzing the units of blood that are donatedeach donation is verified if it is suitable to carry out the transfusion process to any patient that requires it, also the blood is subjected to different studies and analyzes that allow studying and separating the components for the different types of needs of each patient.
They are primarily studied:
- Platelets: For patients receiving chemotherapies, bone marrow aplasia or transplants
- Red blood cells: These are intended for patients suffering from chronic or acute anemia, transplants or surgeries.
- Plasma: Plasma contains some components and can be used for some patients suffering from kidney disease, liver disease or other diseases.
The authorized banks are in charge of separating the components of the blood to be able to carry out the transfusion process to each patient with the components that each one requires according to their diagnosis.
Risks of donating blood
Donating blood does not have any type of risk, it could be that the donor feels some type of dizziness, There are many myths but in reality donating blood does not carry any risks, on the contrary it is an act that rather helps people, stay healthy and with gifts of living longer than normal, for sowing your life to others.
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