What are the requirements to be a deputy in Panama

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A deputy is an official belonging to the State, which has the purpose of representing the people in all political activity or other activity that is the responsibility of the population. The requirements to be a deputy in Guatemala are detailed below.

Requirements to be a deputy

According to the Constitution of Panama, in its article 153, to be a Deputy it is required:

  • Be Panamanian by birth, or by naturalization with fifteen years of residence in the country after having obtained nationalization.
  • Be a practicing citizen.
  • Have reached at least twenty-one years of age on the date of the election.
  • Not having been convicted of a fraudulent crime with a custodial sentence of five years or more, through an enforceable sentence, issued by a court of justice.
  • Be a resident of the corresponding electoral circuit for at least one year immediately prior to the application.

Necessary roles to be a deputy

The documents required to be a deputy are the following:

  • Sworn declaration: in which the applicant guarantees that he has not been a contractor of the State or of any other entity that receives public funds during the last four years; in addition to his commitment to refrain from acquiring the quality of contractor after his registration and during the exercise in office of being elected.
  • CGC Certificate: to state that the applicant does not have contracts in his name or as a legal representative of any company in the execution of public works contracts.
  • Proof of the Registry of Prequalified Works of the Ministry of Communications, Infrastructure and Housing (CIV): which indicates that the politician does not appear as part of the registered company, as a project manager or legal representative.
  • Document legalized by the Commercial Registry: which indicates that the candidate for popular election position does not appear as the owner or legal representative of an individual company or a commercial company.
  • Letter from the Ministry of Finance: where it is established that he is disqualified as a contractor of the State and that, on the date of submission of the registration form, he does not have any current contract with the State or pending liquidation.

Finally, applicants in charge of popular election must include in their file evidence of lack of criminal and police records, which are issued by the Judicial Branch (OJ) and the General Directorate of the National Civil Police (PNC), respectively.

Steps to become a deputy in Panama

The steps to be a deputy in Guatemala basically consist of meeting the requirements established above and collecting the respective documents. Once these essential conditions are fulfilled, you must be attentive on the website of the Guatemalan Congress http://www.asntación.gob.pa/ to verify when to go to present the formal application to be part of said governmental entity.

Representation by province

According to the electoral code of Panama, each province elects a number of deputies according to its population, the deputies are elected through electoral circuits, which can be single-member (they elect a single deputy) or multi-member (they elect two or more deputies ). They are understood as follows:

  • Bull’s mouths: 2 deputies and 1 circuit.
  • Cocle: 5 deputies and 4 circuits.
  • Colon: 5 deputies and 2 circuits.
  • Chiriqui: 9 deputies and 6 circuits.
  • Darien: 2 deputies and 2 circuits.
  • Herrera: 3 deputies and 3 circuits.
  • The Saints: 2 deputies and 2 circuits.
  • Panama: 25 deputies and 6 circuits.
  • Veraguas: 5 deputies and 4 circuits.
  • Western Panama: 8 deputies and 4 circuits.
  • Guna Yala region: 2 deputies and 2 circuits.
  • Ngäbe-Buglé region: 3 deputies and 3 circuits.

Composition of the National Assembly

The following list shows the composition of the National Assembly for the period 2014-2019 and the number of members per political bench:

  • Democratic: 26 members.
  • Panamanian Party: 16 members.
  • Democratic Change: 25 members.
  • Molirena: 2 members.
  • Popular Party: 1 member.
  • Independent: 1 member.

Assembly functions in Panama

Among the functions and attributions that the Assembly of Panama receives established by the Law, the following are included:

  1. Derived, constituted or reform constituent function: which indicates that it can reform the Constitution through initiatives or projects.
  2. Representation and political leadership role: the function of representation has to do with the representation of society in general; and the political direction, consists of orienting the main objectives that the government of any country proposes. It also consists of selecting the instruments and actions to make these objectives a reality, in a long-term vision on certain matters.
  3. Legislative or regulation-making function: which consists of the ability to create, issue and formulate norms, as well as reform or repeal them, in strict adherence to constitutional rules and those that the body itself has created for its operation. This function also implies that draft resolutions, legislative agreements and operative paragraphs are presented.
  4. Public control and inspection function: It is summarized in ensuring that the exercise of power of the Executive Branch remains in accordance with the law, as well as monitoring the fulfillment of all those commitments that it assumes, such as, for example, summoning different public officials to render reports on certain matters. public.
  5. Political control function: indicates that they can communicate with the Ministers and other authorities, to question them about their actions within the position if necessary, and thus learn about the accusations that are made.
  6. Judicial function: It refers to when there is, or is not, a place for the formation of judicial, criminal or other processes, against the high officials on whom it is competent to hear in the matter of pre-trial.
  7. Elective function: This function affirms that according to the Constitution and the laws, they must elect the officials that are responsible for them, in accordance with the procedures prescribed in the same regulations.
  8. Protocol function: This attribution indicates that it is authorized to receive Heads of State and Government of other countries; including also, when the President of Congress takes and receives the oath of law from the high officials of the State.

In the same way, when its periods of sessions begin and close, when the Vice President is given possession of the Presidency of the Republic due to the absolute absence of the President, also when national celebrations are commemorated and on any other occasion that so requires.

  1. Administrative function: affirms that the deputy establishes his own organization and operation through his legal and regulatory norms.
  2. Budgeting function: since it corresponds to approve, disapprove or modify the Budget of Income and Expenditures of the State sent by the Executive Organism.
  3. Role in military matters: It has the important power of declaring war or peace, allowing the passage of a foreign army or the establishment of foreign military bases in the national territory. Ultimately, also ignoring the President having finished his constitutional term, in which case the Army would come under his command.
  4. Other functions: which consist of those assigned to them by the Constitution and other laws; for example, a call for general elections when the Supreme Electoral Tribunal has not held it on the date established by law.

What are the functions of a deputy in Panama?

Its main functions include discussing and approving the laws that regulate the conduct of a given society. In bicameral countries, they usually make up the lower house, while the upper house is made up of Senators.

On In general, its function is to legislate laws, represent citizens and supervise when necessary.

How long does the position of deputy last in Panama?

It is established by law that the deputies of the National Assembly of Panama will last five years in office, and may be reelected.

When should I apply?

The application must be made at the beginning of the year following the instructions on the website.

Current deputies in Panama

Among the most relevant deputies of Panama are:

    Panamanian Party
    Circuit: 4-1
    E-mail: Fabrego@asntación.gob.pa
    Democratic Change Party
    Circuit: 8-2
    E-mail: Yabrego@asntación.gob.pa
    Democratic Revolutionary Party
    Circuit: 8-7
    E-mail: Cadames@asntación.gob.pa
    Democratic Change Party
    Circuit: 7-1
    E-mail: Cafu@asntación.gob.pa
    Molirena Party
    Circuit: 8-6
    E-mail: Faleman@asntación.gob.pa
    Democratic Change Party
    Circuit: 9-2
    E-mail: Haparicio@asntación.gob.pa
    Popular Party
    Circuit: 8-3
    E-mail: Jarango@asntación.gob.pa
    Democratic Change Party
    Circuit: 4-3
    E-mail: Rrarauz@asntación.gob.pa
    Panamanian Party
    Circuit: 2-1
    E-mail: Jarrocha@asntación.gob.pa
    Democratic Revolutionary Party
    Circuit: 4-5
    E-mail: Aathanasiadis@asntación.gob.pa
    Democratic Revolutionary Party
    Circuit: 8-6
    E-mail: Lavila@asntación.gob.pa
    Democratic Revolutionary Party
    Circuit: 8-5
    E-mail: Rayala@asntación.gob.pa

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