Do you know what are the requirements to be president of Paraguay? In this article you will learn about the requirements, the responsibilities and functions of the first national president.
Requirements for the presidency
As in most States with a presidential regime, it is the Constitution that establishes those presidential requirements that eventual presidential candidates must meet.
The requirements to be President or Vice President of the Republic of Paraguay are:
- Have Paraguayan nationality.
- Be 35 or older.
- Being skillfully in full performance of their political and civil rights.
It is important to emphasize that the nationality referred to in the first requirement must be that acquired by birth, that is, naturally and not acquired.
On the other hand, the Constitution of the Republic determines in the same way the responsibilities and functions of the first president.
However, it also names the conditions that disqualify a candidate from being president.
How to become president?
The process to become president can be summarized as a before and after the electoral elections.
In addition to talking about a presidential candidate is talking jointly about a vice president since both will be chosen jointly and in the same process directly by Paraguayan citizens.
These presidential elections will last approximately twenty days before the end of the current period for the moment.
Once the electoral campaign period is over, in addition to complying with the established electoral schedule. The people go to the election of the president and vice president, jointly.
Contrary to popular belief, any national who is a native of the Republic who meets the requirements enshrined in the Constitution can be a candidate.
Since lack of knowledge or political participation is not cause for disqualification. Because it is not found as a cause for disqualification according to the provisions of the Magna Carta on the matter.
It is important to remember that the duration of the presidential mandate is five years, which cannot be extended, and which will begin to be counted from August 15 following the elections.
An important consideration is that, even when re-election initiatives have been presented in the last presidential terms. This condition is fully stipulated in the Constitution where under no circumstances can there be a presidential re-election.
Thus, the taking of office is the culmination of the process to be elected president. But it is, however, the beginning of assuming the responsibilities that this type of position generates.
The polls are a type of survey of the electoral map for the presidency.
Where the high or low popularity ratings of each candidate will be reflected.
It is important to emphasize that the candidates will be the representatives of political parties. This plurality of parties is a requirement that is fundamental for a Constitutional Democratic State.
The phenomenon of polls at the presidential level is very important since in many cases it shows the data collected with little margin of error.
Said data without results of a compilation that is done in such a way that it does not affect or modify the opinion of the participants.
To finally show results that interest citizens.
What is being president?
Being president of a nation like the Republic of Paraguay is synonymous with commitment and loyalty to its citizens.
Due to the constitutionally established political structure in the Republic, the president is simultaneously the head of government and head of state.
This position is the highest in the territory and therefore the greater the influence and recognition that comes with it.
Due to the division of powers, on the other hand, it is the president who leads the Executive Power, in other words, he is in charge of representing the nation internationally and guiding the administration of the country.
responsibilities and functions
All the requirements that the candidate must meet, as well as the duties, functions and responsibilities of the position are present in the Constitution of the Republic.
Among the main duties and powers of the President are:
- That of representing and directing the state, enforcing the Constitution and adhering to it.
- Actively participate in the formation, publication of laws in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution, controlling their compliance.
- He is also credited with managing foreign relations with other Subjects of International Law, as well as using the necessary means to strengthen Peace by signing international treaties and negotiations.
Because he is also head of government, his functions are not only administrative but also military.
- His military figure stands out because he becomes the Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces.
- It is charged with the power to dispose, organize and distribute the forces of the Nation’s Armed Forces.
- It can issue military regulations and adopt the measures it deems necessary for national defense.
Rights and privileges
The ability to administer and apply all the necessary measures in the field of Education, Health, Food and Economy according to the needs of the State is considered as privileges.
The recognition of the rights and privileges of the national representative is duly established in the appropriate regulations.
What differentiates the presidency from the vice presidency?
The main difference is that the Vice President is the second in command of the State below the President.
That is, the position of vice president is subordinate to the presidency.
Even though it has specific functions. For the most part, it replaces the functions that the national executive cannot cover.
The characteristics of the vice-presidency are to supply and assume the presidency in the absence of the president.
On the other hand, depending on the system of government, this can be chosen at the will of the president, as in the cases of Venezuela and Chile. Or on the contrary, he is a career official or democratically elected in elections.
As is the case of Paraguay, who are the ones who choose the figures that will be in charge. Through elections they choose their first and second in command.
It is difficult to establish great differences between the Presidency and the Vice-presidency. Since both are part of the same executive cabinet.
Being their most outstanding differences that one is subordinate to the other.
Career of the presidency
Let’s talk about a little history. Paraguay has gone through various forms of government, many have been able to invest themselves with the attributes of power that the presidency gave them for being considered the heads of state of the Nation.
But only 7 presidential terms have elapsed after the fall of the last dictatorship that the country went through.
Horacio Cartes, the last former president of Paraguay, had a full presidential term. However, he did not escape being linked to illegal activities.
His government was characterized by the bad decision in the matter of economy.
Federico Franco’s presidency was characterized by maladministration.
His term of office was short. But from start to finish his decisions and action plans did not yield results. Or at least not the expected ones since it originated the largest fiscal deficit in the history of the country. He led in addition to being denounced for corruption issues.
Despite everything, Fernando Lugo’s presidency was the one that generated the most controversy, since his presidential term was even interrupted for a political trial to be carried out against him.
Bad Administration, corruption to end with a call to break the constitutional order are characteristics of the trajectory of the last presidents.
It is curious that in the last presidential periods all were directed to look for alternative ways of re-election. With the presentation by the presidents themselves of the proper bills that were denied for this purpose. Even when the same Constitution denies this practice.
Requirements, characteristics of the last presidencies, the possibility of becoming president were some of the topics covered in this article. If it was helpful to clarify doubts, do not hesitate to share. Or leave us your comments about it.
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