We all know that the departure of a loved one is a moment of indescribable pain, especially when it is an event that occurs suddenly, without long illness or failed medical procedure involved. In this situation of anguish and sadness, it is not easy for us to put our feet on the ground and think about everything we must do to give our relative a proper burial and give them a farewell that will let them and us rest in peace. .
Faced with a situation like this, one has neither the time nor the will to stop and think. What procedures should I do? either What requirements must I submit?
Regardless of the religion you profess, the rites you perform after this traumatic event and what the future holds for you, all citizens, first and foremost, must comply with the laws established in their land. But what if I have no idea what to do in the face of such an overwhelming process?
To solve this predicament in the simplest and fastest way so that you can soon return to normality, we have written this guide where you will discover how to process the death certificate in Peru.
What is the death certificate?
The death certificate It is a legal document that proves the death of a Peruvian or foreign citizen within the national territory. This death certificate is a requirement to move towards death certificate.
The death certificate or certificate, on the other hand, it is a document certifying the death at a higher level: It is the procedure that is valid at a broader level: it is the one with which you are going to approach any public or private institution to carry out any type of legal process that warrants this document.
What is it for?
The death certificate fulfills the function of being the document that connects the information issued by the health institution with the Civil Registry of Peru. This contact allows a death certificate to be created later.
The only function that the death certificate (in addition to the link for the aforementioned) is for allow the burial or cremation of the remains, and to coordinate with a funeral company or a cemetery the process of the burial and wake of your family member
The death certificate At the same time, it serves as a requirement for many other legal procedures and processes, such as:
- Distribute inheritances.
- Collect life insurance.
- Collect or transfer pensions.
- Arrangement of assets that were not inherited, that is, that remain without an owner with the death of the owner.
- Settle debts.
- Close or transfer savings accounts.
- The departure of the remains of the deceased from the national territory.
- The transfer of the remains within the national territory.
- Change the marital status of the spouse of the deceased (within 3 months after the death).
Who should apply?
The only people who are allowed to request both the certificate and the death certificate are the relatives of the deceased (father, mother, son, daughter, grandfather, grandmother, spouse, grandson, granddaughter, brothers or sisters, among others).
In the event that no relative by blood or legal ties is present or is not known at the time of death, the process must be carried out with the help of a public official assigned to the case.
How to process the certificate?
The Ministry of Health, the National Institute of Statistics and Informatics and the National Registry of Identification and Civil Status created together the National Death Information System (SINADEF).
It is a tool that allows the death certificate to be processed over the Internet, which began to be implemented in 2016.
With this service, the responsible physician can enter the names and surnames complete or the number of the National Identity Document (DNI) of the deceased within the digital form. In this way, the event is quickly and easily recorded in the database of the RENIEC.
By uploading this information, there is proof of the identity of the deceased, thus avoiding false information being entered or totally human failures when taking care of the procedure.
In order to register the death of your loved one, the following are required:
- The personal data of the deceased: full name and surname, sex, age, date of birth, type of identity document and its number.
- In the case of a child under 6 years of age, the infant’s birth certificate or certificate must be presented.
- The date of death: month, day, year and time of the event.
- Place of death: town, district, department and province.
- The cause of death: name of the disease or details of the situation if it was a violent death or an accident that produced fatal injuries (REMEMBER: CARDIAC ARREST IS NO LONGER LISTED AS THE CAUSE OF DEATH, BUT AS THE WAY OF DEATH).
- the data of the doctor, professional or official in charge of the death: full names and surnames, title or collegiate number, signature and seal of the specialist
- Place and date on which the certificate is issued: name of the establishment, corresponding number.
- The data of the mother, father, legal representative or spouse: names and surnames, original and copy of the DNI and address.
- The data of the declarant: Full names and surnames, address, copy of identity document (ID card, passport, among others) and your signature.
- You must give the officials the National Identity Document of the deceased so that it can be discarded.
Since the birth certificate is easily processed, and its completion is designated to the competent doctor, here are the steps to process, instead, the death certificate:
- If you are going to do the process in person, keep in mind that the hours are: Monday to Friday from 8:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. and Saturdays from 8:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m.
- If on the other hand you intend to do it digitally, attach the death certificate in your request. This must already be in the system, stamped and signed by the doctor in charge of the case.
- If you do not have a death certificate because there is no doctor to certify if the death occurs outside a health center, Submit the affidavit.
- Said affidavit must contain your name as declarant, your DNI number, these same personal data of the deceased, the place of death, the cause of death, and your signature, to finish.
- Deliver the ID of the deceased, so that this can be removed to prevent fraud, scams and counterfeiting.
- Show your ID, passport or general identification document as declarant.
- Once they have your information, they proceed to register your application and begin the process.
- Wait (very patiently) for the time allotted for delivery.
- Ready! You can now access the death certificate of your relative or loved one.
What body issues the document?
Unlike the death certificate or death certificate, the death certificate It is a document issued only by the institution where the death occurswith the signature and seal of an authorized doctor, regardless of whether it is part of a public or private entity.
Medical personnel, nurses, midwives or health professionals in general are responsible for completing the form to obtain the certificate, which is divided into two sections: the certificate as such and the statistical report of the death.
is turn delivered solely and exclusively by this specialistwhich records the death and performs the necropsy.
If this is the situation, whether intra or extra hospital said death due to violent causes, communicated to the Public Ministry.
He sends the divisions of forensic doctors, who proceed with the necropsy and the resulting death certificate.
It has no cost it’s completely free.
The National Registry of Identification and Civil Status ask around 10.00 soles by a certified copy of the death certificate.
In this particular case, and if the death occurs due to the cause for which the patient was hospitalized previously and for the next 48 hours after leaving the premises, It is the responsibility of the health center process the death certificate.
They should do it immediately.
We understand that you are going through a difficult time, saying goodbye to someone you love is never easy.
For this reason, we want to make this farewell a little easier for you, and all the procedures that follow. answering the most common questions, explaining the process and, in general, the role of the death certificate and the consequent death certificate or certificate in the future.
We hope that we can help you in this stage of your life, in the best way we know how: giving you the tools to move forward with the legality that comes with every situation in your life, and accompanying you in this process, showing you how to do it step by step.
A lot of strength and see you later!
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