How to Know Where to Vote: When to Consult, How It Works and MORE

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How do you know where to vote? Voting day is approaching in Peru and you have no idea where you can do it due to certain circumstances.

The ONPE It currently provides citizens with alternatives so that you have this information and take the necessary measures to make your vote without inconvenience, here we describe what these alternatives are and have what you need at hand.

How to Know Where to Vote in Peru?

In this platform, available at the national level, citizens could choose up to three options of polling places, this to avoid citizen absenteeism in the 2021 general elections and that the voter does not use public transport to mobilize, as a health security measure against the COVID-19 pandemic.

By April 11, the ONPE It plans to install more than 17,000 polling stations, which will allow more people to find a polling station close to their home. The main objective is to clear the previous premises and allow respect for social distances and avoid crowds of people.

How to Know Where to Vote: When can I Consult?

After selecting 3 nearby locations to your current location through the platform, choose the voting location, the ONPE has begun to notify which of these locations it is your turn to vote in the 2021 General Election.

The information is being sent to you through the email that the person registered when using the page. If you haven’t received a message in your inbox yet, wait a few days.

How to Find Out Where to Vote: Check if I’m a Poll Member

The draw for the members of the table took place on January 29, 2021. Taking this into account, the ONPE has activated the page Web official where you can check if you have been selected as a member of the table or not.

  • Access the page Web.
  • Enter the DNID number.
  • Click on «Consult».

A page will open with your personal information, as well as the department and district in which you need to vote. You will also see a large ad indicating if you are board member or not.

The display also shows the first and last names, as well as the phone numbers. DNI of the people who make up the voting table.

How to Know Where to Vote: Requirements to Vote in Peru

Citizens must appear at the electoral college that corresponds to them, carry their DNI and appear in the electoral roll corresponding to said electoral college.

It should be noted that it does not matter DNI this expired, it is still valid to vote.

How Do Electoral Processes Work in Peru?

Is a series of actions that are carried out in phases, and the Constitution and the general law of electoral institutions and procedures oblige the electoral authorities, political parties and citizens, members of the federal legislative and executive powers and federal units to periodically renew the municipalities of the states of the republic and mayors in Peru.

The ordinary electoral process consists of the following phases:

Election preparation.

It begins with the first meeting of the General Council in the first week of September of the previous year, in which the ordinary federal elections will take place, and ends at the beginning of electoral day.

Election day.

It begins this 2021, on Sunday, April 11 at 8:00 a.m. and ends when the electoral college closes.

Results and declarations of validity of the elections.

It begins with sending the electoral documents and the documents to the district boards and ends with the calculations and declarations of the institute councils or the resolutions finally issued by the electoral tribunal.

Opinion and statements on the validity of the election.

Starts when the last is resolved process of objection filed against this election or when it is known that none has been presented, and ends when the Supreme Chamber of the Electoral Tribunal approves the opinion with the final computation and validations of the election and the President-elect.

As the voting process unfolds, various actors participate and each works on it in different ways. These include:

  1. Electoral Authorities: National Electoral Institute, Local Public Electoral Bodies, Special Prosecutor in Electoral Crimes, Federal Electoral Judicial Tribunal, local electoral authorities.
  2. Political parties: national and local.
  3. Citizens: voters, pollsters, election observers and independent candidates.

What is a Polling Station?

A polling place It is where voters cast their votes on Election Day.

The National Office of Electoral Processes (ONPE) has a web platform, where citizens can choose where to vote to avoid voter absenteeism and the massive use of public transport vehicles that create crowds as a security measure to avoid the coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19).

ONPE chief Piero Corvetto said that this online platform «Choose your voting site» It will help voters not to be forced to travel to a province or district that is listed on their nationally registered National Identity Document (DNI).

On the platform, Peruvians can choose a electoral College near your home, regardless of what’s on your ID. When you enter this website, you must follow the steps below to change your polling place:

  • Go to choose your location and click on Start.
  • Enter the number of DNI, DNI confirmation number and date of birth (day, month and year).
  • Then it will be necessary to enter a number of mobile, to which a 6-digit verification code will be sent that must also be entered in the system.
  • After confirming a email, select the province and / or district where you want to select the polling stations.
  • Therefore, it is also possible to determine if the voter has a disability to give priority to the polling station.
  • The platform gives you the option to choose three polling places near your current address. The system will inform you of the location where you have registered.

By April 11, ONPE plans to install more than 17,000 polling stations, which will allow more people to find a polling station close to their homes. The main objective is to clear the previous premises and allow respect for social distancing and avoid crowds.

Frequent questions

When will the general elections be?

Sunday, April 11, 2021

Who will we vote for?

  1. President of the Republic and Vice Presidents.
  2. Congressman of the Republic.
  3. Peruvian representatives before the Andean Parliament.

Will there be a second round?

If none of the candidates for the Presidency of the Republic and the Vice-Presidents has obtained more than half of the valid votes, on Sunday, June 6, a second election will take place between the two candidates who have obtained the highest vote since 2021.

What is the electoral register?

The list of Peruvians with the right to vote in a specific place. This is produced by RENIEC.
According to this body, the electoral list was closed on April 10, 2020.

Can I vote with my expired identity card?

Any Peruvian citizen with a blue identity card (of legal age), yellow identity card (minor) who turns 18 on April 11, 2021, or who has expired electronically and is registered in the electoral roll of his constituency.

Important: Remember that you can only vote if you bring your identity card to the place where you should vote on the day of voting.

Peruvian citizens who no have an identity card they can not vote and they can not hold the position of board member.

Up to what age is it mandatory to vote?

According to our Constitution and the Organic Electoral Law, voting is compulsory up to the age of seventy.

Based on what criteria is the electoral roll established?

The voter registry is established based on territorial criteria, depending on the person’s address. For example, if a person is registered in the Lince district, Lima province, his name will appear on a board located in that district.

If that person wants to vote in Paris, they simply cannot because they are not on any of the Paris electoral rolls or electoral rolls.

If a citizen does not vote, does he have to pay a tax or a fine for this omission?

We reiterate that voting is a right and a duty. There is no «tax» for not voting, but a penalty fee. The state is trying to get all citizens to vote, and those who fulfill this duty do not have to pay anything. The fine is a sanction or if you want a punishment for not fulfilling a civic duty.

How does the voting and fine control system work?

More or less three months after the electoral process, ONPE or RENIEC send the list of people who voted and this information is uploaded to the system. For example, in the last parliamentary elections in April and June 2016, the information was only adopted in July.

Before July, no citizen who appeared for trial could prove that he had voted unless he presented his identity card. Consequently, there was no need to pay the fine during this period. After this time, the system works again.

More information in this link.

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