You think of changing your address, selling your current apartment, or simply acquiring greater legality with respect to your real estate property. Have you found yourself in that situation at some point? With all that desire and energy that you plan to invest in the process, you quickly realize that you don’t even know where to start.
Or, on the other hand. You are a foreigner within Peruvian territory and want to acquire a residence. But the result in the same: You do not have any guidance to start the process to achieve said legality.
If you have been in any of the two situations, or any other that has brought you to this article, here we present a quick and simple guide that will help you carry out the process to obtain your domiciliary certificate within Peru.
What is the domiciliary certificate?
The residence certificate It is a document with a legal basis that proves your residence within the territory of Peru, regardless of whether you are Peruvian or a citizen of any other country. The document show your exact addressbut it does not include personal data such as if it is a house, or apartment, if it is rented or has already been purchased, among other data regarding the transaction.
- It is, in a nutshell, legal proof that you reside in a certain area of the national territoryand that the State is aware of this and endorses it.
What is it for?
As we said above, the domiciliary certificate works as a complement when carrying out other procedures, such as a change of address, or to get a job.
In many cases, it can be difficult to go through the certification process, for one reason or another.
If this happens, you can make an affidavit of domicilewhich usually takes the following format:
LAW No. 28882
LAW OF THE SIMPLIFICATION OF HOME CERTIFICATION
DECLARATION SWORN OF RESIDENCE
LAW No. 28882; LAW OF REPEAL OF ATTRIBUTIONS OF THE NATIONAL POLICE OF PERU TO ISSUE RESIDENTIAL CERTIFICATES.
LAW No. 27444; GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE LAW
For the record hereby, to which I give greater legal force.
I DECLARE UNDER OATH:
That, the address that I indicate lines above, is my real, current, effective and true domicile, where I have real, physical and permanent experience; In the event of any falsehood being verified, the corresponding Authority may subject me to the sanctions contemplated in Article 427 of the Penal Code.
I formulate the following SIMPLIFIED RESIDENCE CERTIFICATION STATEMENT as a requirement for the processing effect for (Name of the procedure that you want to request from this: change of residence, VISA application, issuance of identity documents, among others).
For greater proof and validity, I comply with signing and putting my fingerprint at the bottom of this document for the corresponding legal purposes.
(Municipality of residence), (Day) of the month (said month) of the 20(19, for example)
What body issues the certificate?
It is a document issued by the Citizen and Fiscal Security Management.
If the situation, on the other hand, constitutes a change of residence, the citizens who submit the application must inform the National Registry of Identification and Civil Status (RENIEC).
How to get the document?
You only have to go to a notary or State institution where you can register, which is within your community and close to the exact address where you reside.
If a citizen gives false information in their statement or certificate, they will be tried with penalties that can be from 2 to 10 years in prison.
Meanwhile, citizens who enter false information in their sworn statement will be punished for the crime against public faith with penalties ranging from 2 to 10 years in prison.
Since the requirements do not form a very extensive list, it is important that you do not omit any of the documents that we indicate below, since if any copy or paper is missing, you cannot carry out the process, and you will have to postpone your attendance.
- Original and photocopy of your National Identity Document, current, and above all, legible.
- Original and legible photocopy of any receipt for basic services (water, electricity, gas) no more than two months old.
- If the previous receipt does not have your name or any of your personal information, you must present an «owner’s affidavit», which demonstrates your establishment in the home. This must be legalized by a notary public, in the notary office that touches you according to the area in which you live.
- If you own it, it would be good for you to present a title deed, just to reaffirm your possession of the home or address.
- Usually, you are asked for a simple sketch in order to more easily identify the location of the residence.
Steps to follow
It is an incredibly simpler process than you think, you just have to follow these simple steps:
- The first thing that they must do in the unit in which you apply is, as you can imagine, verify that you have all the requirements mentioned above.
- You must then request (at the Office of Municipal Inspection and Control) the affidavit of domicile.
- Then they ask you to sign the domiciliary certification document.
- They have to make one or two visits to your home to check that everything is in order. These data are taken into account for the process.
- Ready! Your documentation should be issued in a maximum of two days.
Where to get the certificate?
You can process it in the government offices of your community, in a public notary or in a municipal court, whichever is more convenient for you.
Just by attending one of these offices, you can start developing your certificate of address.
Since the processing went from being the responsibility of the National Police of Peru to being part of the processes directly carried out by government entities, it is easier to regulate costs and corruption within the judicial system.
Previously, in a police station it was very easy to be denied the procedure unless you paid absurd amounts for a document that is almost necessary to be of legal age.
This new implementation of Law Number 28882 allows not only police officers to no longer regulate this service, but also citizens or police officers who commit fraud, scams or thefts using said certificate to be penalized correctly.
In this way they avoid confusion among users, out-of-order payments and bribes.
The truth is that since 2005, this power was withdrawn from the Peruvian National Police through Law No. 28862, due to numerous cases in which the police asked for excessive prices, which reached an amount of up to 60 soles.
It is only approximately 10 soles.
The domiciliary certificate is valid for three months or 90 days.
NOT. It is a process that you must carry out personally, to prevent fraud or property theft.
However, you can ask the entity you attend if it is allowed, just to be sure.
You should not do it before attending, you just have to wait in the entity to which you agree to be pay attention
It shouldn’t take more than two to five business days.
The affidavit of domicile is a document made by yourself that proves your residence within Peru and also serves as a certificate of your stay at an exact address.
With this document you prove your address before the Peruvian judicial authorities.
As you can see in the example that we presented before, the affidavits have a very simple model:
- It must be written in the first person, with you as the applicant.
- In the header are the laws in force in this regard, in this case and to date Law Number 28882 (Law to repeal the powers of the National Police of Peru to issue domiciliary certificates) and Number 27444 (Law on general administrative procedure).
- Then you must include your name and the subject of the request.
- During the development, enter your personal data or details, such as your full name, age, address as exact as possible of the residence, your ID number or any identity document that replaces it.
- You can now make the declaration, stipulating the procedure for which it is one of the requirements that you will request later.
- Your signature and fingerprint to prove your identity (as in any other document, of course)
- The signature of the notary or public official processing your request, just to be sure.
If you prefer, you can also find formats for the process or request it at a ticket office or in front of the notary who attends you.
With everything clarified, including the most common questions regarding the certificate and its issuance, you can say that you clearly know the process to process your certificate of address.
Peru is a country that has opened its doors for years to millions of Latin Americans and citizens of other countries and which, in turn, has seen so many people born and grow.
We hope you enjoy your stay!
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