When you are an exporter or importer of products within Peruvian territory, You know how important it is to have all your papers in order.
In this way, records are kept, order is maintained and above all, the necessary documents are accommodated to be able to continue or start your business. One of these documents (the most important of all, in our opinion) is The certificate of origin.
This not only helps us demonstrate where the products we sell come from, but also serves as proof that the State is aware of the business you do with your merchandise and their legal legitimacy.
For this and more, we present you the way to Obtain the certificate of origin so that you can carry out your business in Peru.
What is the certificate of origin?
The certificate of origin is a document issued to check the country from which the merchandise comesin this case the Peruvian State, or at least where most of the manufacturing or assembly of the product took place.
- Describe the product to be exported, the seal and signature of the exporter, and the seal and signature of the official delegated to issue the permit.
- Attests to compliance with all the data on the origin of the merchandise in accordance with any commercial treaty or corresponding preferential regime.
There may be confusion when we mention «certificate of origin»: it does not refer specifically to the country from which they are shipped (as there are complex trade routes and layovers), but to the country where they were specifically manufactured.
If manufacturing corresponds to two or more countries, the last country to intervene in the transformation or elaboration is taken into accountas long as it is economically justified.
Very often it is considered that If the cost of production within a single country is more than 50%, it is easier to leave the title of country of origin to it.
What is it necessary for?
It is a basic requirement in most countries because depending on the place you come from, taxes and customs duties are configured of any product that you want to import.
It must have the data of origin from the country of origin to the market of the country to which it is sent unless there is a true justification that makes the procedure difficult, provided that the products do not undergo any changes, modifications or transformations and are under the jurisdiction of the customs authorities.
What body issues it?
As is the case in many countries, where the Chambers of Commerce, Ministries or customs authorities are the bodies in charge of issuing the certificate of origin, in Peru this power is held by the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Tourism.
This organization is also the one in charge of elaborating the laws and regulations for the exchange of merchandise with other States.
Some institutions that are also allowed by MINCETUR to issue the certificate of origin are:
- The Association of Exporters (ADEX).
- The National Society of Industries (SNI).
- The Chamber of Commerce of Lima.
- The Foreign Trade Society of Peru (COMEXPERÚ).
- All headquarters of these bodies belonging to each region separately.
How to get the certificate?
The certificates of origin are mostly determined by the rules of the agreements or commercial treaties that have been established with the country where the transaction is carried out:
- You can use the Generalized System of Preferences,
- The Agreement with the European Free Trade Association,
- The non-preferential used for the European Union,
- Among others.
These formats can be found at the accredited office of the country that grants it or the Certifying Entity, if applicable. the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Tourism.
When the review of the information is finished, the certifier will be able to stamp and sign accordingly, identifying himself in the document during the process.
You must bear in mind that the requirements must all be in order, in good condition, and duly signed and sealed as the case may be. The requirements are:
- An affidavit of origin.
- Attached, all the documents that support the origin of the merchandise and its components (invoices, contracts, among others).
- The certificate of origin correctly issued, signed and sealed by the exporter.
- A clear and legible copy of the export invoice for the products.
- A copy of the sales receipt, only if it is the case of an exporter included in the Single Simplified Regime.
- The payment for the right to process made in the MINCETURwith a supporting document.
As we all know, importation is the action of entering products into a country, based on its laws and agreements. As far as imports are concerned, it is a fairly extensive topic, since each country has its own way of managing its imports to the rest of the world.
However, the institutions equivalent to the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Tourism outside of Peru they usually have these treaties on their web pages, so if you want to review, you have all the tools at hand.
On the contrary, exportation (besides being the subject that concerns us in this article) is the process in which products are extracted from the country to be sold outside of it, again, following the laws and treaties established to verify and monitor said transactions.
In the case of Peru, it is a procedure observed and approved by the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Tourismwhich dictates and accepts the exchange of goods, merchandise, among others, with the rest of the world.
Steps to follow
- get your SOL clefwhich is a key provided to the company representative by the National Superintendence of Customs and Tax Administration (SUNAT), considering this the main user, and giving him the power to create secondary users with even profiles.
- If necessary, include any secondary users you need. Everyone must identify themselves with their ID number, identity card, foreigner’s card, passport or any document that corresponds to their identity.
- Enter to VUCE system (Foreign Trade Single Window) through its official website: https://www.vuce.gob.pe/
- Choose the option “Origin Component”.
- Press “SOL Authentication”.
- gives the RUC of your company, your user code and the password of the secondary user.
- You are already registered in the VUCE system!
- Enter the «New Request» box.
- Select “Certificate of Origin”.
- Check the country of the treaty, said treaty and the entity that has certified your case (usually they are the Chamber of Commerce of Lima, the Association of Exporters and the National Society of Industries).
- Enter your data and press «Save format» to ensure that your information will not be lost.
- Check the data of owner and declarant that jump next.
- Enter the data of the importer, means of transport and other observations indicated in the «Certificate Data» option.
- Enter the invoice data for the merchandise to be exported and attach a PDF of this scanweighing no more than 10 megabytes.
- Check that the process is registered in the «Merchandise qualification» window.
- voila! If this happens, it means that your affidavit was approved.
You can review the following document so that you have a little more clarity on how to carry out the process: Certificate of Origin Guide
- It allows you the benefit that all the products that you export from Peru have the tariff preferences accommodated to all the commercial and financial agreements, or to the preferential regimes agreed in the case of each country with which it is carried out.
- It allows you to demonstrate that the product or products to be exported are officially original from Peru, and are not part of a fraud or illegal act.
- It allows you to expose the origin of the merchandise from the country from which it is exported to the market of the country to which it is imported.
There’s no need.
As long as you meet the requirements established by it and show all the documents that are valid for you at the customs office that wants to abide by the FTA.
But keep in mind that the merchandise cannot leave the customs jurisdiction. Said customs must establish in writing that the product has not suffered any damage or change while in its control, and that it was monitored at all times by the authorities of the premises.
In this case everything starts to count as of January 1 of the following year.
Normally it has a validity that does not expireunless changes have to be made in some data or in the conditions originally described.
Even so, We recommend that you do not wait too long between the day it is issued and the day the merchandise leaves. Depending on the importing country, this can cause problems. legal or financial
Depending on the country and of the treaty or agreement established by it can be carried out by:
- The producer, exporter or importer (such as the USA).
- The exporter only (for example, Canada).
- The exporter or producer (such as Korea).
It is a way of saying that for the most part, the process is free.
As you can imagine, there are many, many different trade agreements with different countries around the world. These are the ones we will mention below:
- The Free Trade Agreement between Peru and Chile.
- The Economic Complementation Agreement No. 50 between Peru and Cuba.
- Economic Complementation Agreement No. 58 Peru, Mercosur and the Andean Community.
- The Free Trade Agreement Peru and Singapore.
- The Free Trade Agreement Peru and China.
- The Free Trade Agreement Peru and EFTA States (Switzerland, Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway).
- The Peru and Korea Free Trade Agreement.
- The Protocol between the Republic of Peru and the Kingdom of Thailand to Accelerate the Liberalization of Trade in Goods and the Facilitation of Trade and its Additional Protocols.
- The Trade Integration Agreement between Peru and Mexico.
- The Economic Association Agreement between Peru and Japan.
- The Free Trade Agreement Peru and Panama.
- The Trade Agreement between Peru and the European Union.
- The Trade Agreement between Peru and Costa Rica.
- The Partial Scope Agreement of a Commercial Nature between the Republic of Peru and the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.
- The Generalized System of Preferences with the European Union.
- The Generalized System of Preferences with Japan.
- The Generalized System of Preferences with the Russian Federation.
- The Generalized System of Preferences with New Zealand.
- The Generalized System of Preferences with Turkey.
- The System of Preferences among Developing Countries.
Trade is a tool that human beings have developed in order to satisfy their needs. The technological and reasoning advances that man has undergone since he began this practice are what today allow us to establish such complex and extensive market networks around the globe.
Not only that, we have also created ways to prove our identity, our businesses and our income, which help us to keep track of activities as gigantic as the massive import and export of goods and merchandise inside and outside the national territory.
Grateful for this evolution and for the tools that wise men created before us to facilitate these processes, we hope that you are pleased with the information that we present to you today about How to obtain your certificate of origin in Peru.
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