Procedures and Requirements to Form a Company in Peru

17 minutos de lectura

Are you looking to start a business?… Know the Procedures and Requirements to Form a Company in Peru.

In these times we are observing the era of entrepreneurship. If you are one of those people who dreams of creating and opening your own company in Peru, we are here to tell you that if it’s posible!.

Although sometimes it is complicated by the number of procedures and requirements or by knowing aspects such as: the cost of renting the premises, or the abundant amount of competition that exists in the different categories, among others; However, none of these factors should prevent you from making your dream of starting a reality come true.

Here we will help you by placing at your fingertips all the necessary information that you should know, to take firm steps that will help you find the success of your venture.

Steps to form a company

You must take into account the following Procedures and papers that you must process:

  • Search and reservation of the authentic name that represents your business idea.
  • Preparation of the Minutes and all its attached elements (later explain this process in detail).
  • The different procedures in the Public Registries, which consists of the elevation of the minute to Public deed; only for legal persons.
  • Notarial Procedures; It consists of the acceptance by the notary of the name and the minutes to be registered accordingly.
  • Registration with SUNAT – RUC; This contains the information of the taxpayers that will form the company, personal identification such as the social or affective relationship that they have.
  • Registration in the Registry of State Suppliers – RNP – SEACE.
  • Registration with regulatory bodies (MYPES, OSCE, among others)
  • Legalization and opening of accounting books; You must obtain the accounting books according to the type of company that you are deciding to open, in accordance with the provisions of Law No. 26501, article 112. The legalization must be done before a notary or justice of the peace, depending on your case. .
  • Obtaining proof of payment.
  • Request for favorable opinion of the sector (NGO)
  • Advice and preparation of the file for registration in the APCI (NGO)
  • Registration of workers in EsSalud; It consists of registering your workers with the corresponding Social Health Security, this is so that they can receive and be benefited by the services that said entity provides for its members.

The registration and monthly declaration can be made through companies dedicated to services.

  • Request permission, authorization or special registration; Once you have registered your workers in EsSalud, you must now request permission, authorization or special registration, depending on the sector where you are going to work, before the respective ministry if your economic activity requires it.

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Do you need to know about the “Steps and Requirements for Changing the EsSalud Assistance Center”?here we leave you all the information.

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For Company with Legal Status

In general, the construction of a company in Peru involves the 9 step execution, However, in the case of MYPES, an additional one is included, which is to Register the mype in the National Registry of Micro and Small Businesses (REMYPE)after having obtained your Single Taxpayer Registry (RUC) correspondent.

  • 1.-Prepare the minutes of the constitution
  • 2.-Public deed
  • 3.-Registration in public records
  • 4.-Process the single taxpayer registration (RUC)
  • 5.-Enroll workers in Essalud
  • 6.-Request permission, authorization or special registration
  • 7.-Obtain Template Book Authorization
  • 8.-Legalize accounting books
  • 9.-Process the municipal license

Prepare the Minutes of Constitution

The Minute is a document prepared and signed by a lawyer that contains the declaration of will to want to build a company, where the business modality and the agreements and statutes of said shareholders or partners are detailed.

In this document they must establish in writing the modality type that they have chosen for the constitution of the company, the personal data of the partners and shareholders of the same, the statutes or established norms, that is, charges, responsibilities, sanctions, strategies, guidelines that they have established in agreement.

For small companies You can go directly to a notary and he will facilitate the realization of the minute.

Requirements for the Preparation of the Minutes

  • Reservation of the name in the SUNARP

Reserving the name prevents registration (during the formation of your company) of any other company adopting a business name or name, complete or abbreviated, equal or similar to the one that is enjoying the right of Reserve of Registry Preferences.

In this step, you should have already adopted the modality or business company that suits you (E.IR.L, SRL, SA or SAC) for this you must carry out the following 2 steps:

  • Search for the Iindices

It is requested in the SUNARP. This search helps to verify that there is no equal name or title, or similar, to which you will name your company. The search result is delivered on the same day, is valid at the time of issuance and does not produce the temporary closure of the denomination index.

If said result is negative, that is, if there is no similar name, the next step is continued. It can be verified if the name that you plan to place your company already exists in the national directory of legal persons of the SUNARP (right of process 400 soles).

  • Request the Reservation of the Name of the legal entity to be constituted

It is requested in SUNARP. The reservation of the company must be requested in the face of other requests that request an inscription with a similar name. For this, the format must be filled out with the name of the partners, the tax address, the type of company, the indication of whether it is a micro or medium-sized company (MYPE).

After requesting the registration of the name of the company, I must wait approximately one day for the name reservation to be delivered. This means that the denomination index is blocked for thirty (30) calendar days and no one can take said name within that period.

You can also make this reservation online through the SUNARP website, 18.00 soles are canceled.
  • Personal documentation

Submit a copy of the ID in force of the owner or of the partners. Married people will attach a copy of the spouse’s identity document. In the case of the foreign owner/partner, a copy of the immigration card or business visa.

  • Company Capital

Indicate the contribution of the owner or of the partners that is made for the constitution of the company. Contributions must be detailed in Monetary Assets and Non-monetary Assets as follows:

  • Monetary Goods

It is called the capital contribution that I make in cash. Once the minute or constitutive act has been prepared and with a copy of it, I must make the bank deposit in the name of the company. I have to attach the «Deposit Certificate» in original and copy.

  • Non-monetary goods

Capital contribution I make in machines, equipment, furniture or fixtures. The detailed list of the contribution of assets must be presented in a Simple Affidavit.

  • Description of the Economic Activity

The activity to which the company will be engaged must be clearly described and must be presented on a loose sheet written and signed by the interested parties. If it is an Individual Limited Liability Company (EIRL), it only bears the signature of the applicant or owner.

How to prepare a public deed

Public deed is a document processed before a notary and in which a certain event or right authorized by the official himself is recorded, who will take care of signing along with the grantors.

The official himself will have the mission of attesting to the legal capacity of the content and the date on which the agreement is carried out.

  • For its elaboration the notary requires the following:
  • Minutes of incorporation of the company (including a simple copy).
  • ID card or passport.
  • Payment of notary fees.

Take into account that:

  • If the procedure is carried out particular waythe amount to be paid will be the rate established by the notary.
  • If the process is carried out through the Program my Company-MTPE Business IDcould access a reduced social rate due to the agreement signed with the College of Notaries.

Once the public deed of incorporation has been granted, the notary or the owner of the company may register the company in the Public Registry.

Registration in the Public Registries

Once you obtain the public deed of incorporation, the notary or the owner or the partners will have to carry out the iRegistration of the company in the competent Registry Office in the Registry of Legal Entities of SUNARP.

The qualification of the title is in charge of a public registrar of the competent registry office, which must extend the registration entry within a period of 01 BUSINESS DAY. From the date and time of presentation of the respective documents, the company will enjoy the rights and benefits provided by the registration.

From the registration, the company acquires legal personality. After rating the title, the registry office will deliver:

  • A registration certificate.
  • Simple copy of the registry entry.

Registration of the Individual Limited Liability Company

The constitution of individual Limited Liability companies and the appointment of their managers, among other items, are recorded in this registry.

Requirements 1

  • Registration application form duly filled out and signed.
  • Copy of the identity document of the presenter of the title, with proof of having voted in the last elections or having requested the respective waiver.
  • Public deed granted personally by the owner.
  • Payment of registration fees.

1.08%ITU for qualification rights and 3/1000 of the capital for registration rights

  • Others, according to registry classification and current provisions.
  • Registry of Companies.

The Limited Liability Company – SRL, the Public Limited Company – SA and the Closed Public Limited Company – SAC are registered in this registry.

Requirements 2

  • Registration application form duly filled out and signed.
  • Copy of the identity document of the presenter of the title, with proof of having voted in the last elections or having requested the respective waiver.
  • Public Deed containing the articles of incorporation and the statute.
  • Payment of registration fees.

1.08%ITU for qualification rights and 3/1000 of the capital for registration rights

To carry out these procedures you can go to the following addresses that are within your reach: (They are one of the many places you can go to, everything will depend on your area of ​​residence).

  • Registry Area – Lima

Address: Av. Edgardo Rebagliati No. 561, Jesus Maria

Hours: Monday through Friday 8:15 a.m. to 04:45 pm Saturdays 09:00 am to 12:00 noon. (Only Guidance and Advertising).

Telephone: Headquarters: 311-2360

  • Registry Area – Lince File

Address: Av. Bernardo Alcedo Nº 415, block height 19 Av. Petit Thouars, Lince

Hours: Monday to Friday 8:15 a.m. to 4:45 p.m.

Telephone: 311-2360 extension 1701

  • Registry Area – Personal Assets Management

Address: Av. Javier Prado Este 183, Tekton Building, San Isidro

Hours: Monday to Friday 8:15 a.m. to 4:45 p.m.

Telephone: 311-2360 extension 3402

  • Registry Offices

San Isidro

Address: Av. Javier Prado Oeste No. 305

Hours: Monday through Friday 8:15 a.m. to 4:45 p.m.

Phone: 421-3812

  • miraflores

Address: Av. Petit Thouars No. 4432

Hours: Monday through Friday 8:15 a.m. to 4:45 p.m.


  • San Miguel

Address: Av. La Marina No. 2941

Hours: Monday through Friday 8:15 a.m. to 4:45 p.m.


  • Groove

Address: Av. Benavides Nº 3751-3757

Hours: Monday through Friday 8:15 a.m. to 4:45 p.m.


  • North Lima

Address: Located inside the Plaza Lima Norte Shopping Center, Av. Alfredo Mendiola N° 1400, intersection of Av. Tomás Valle with Panamericana Norte, Independencia


Registration Service

Monday to Friday from 8:15 a.m. to 4:45 p.m.

Advertising Services (Informative Ballot, Simple Copy, Literal Copy)

Monday to Friday from 8:15 a.m. to 8:00 p.m.

Saturday from 10:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m.

Sunday from 10:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m.


  • The Savior

Address:Mz. P, Lt.17, Grupo Resd.4, Sector 6, Av. Pastor Sevilla (between Av. César Vallejo and Av. Juan Velasco Alvarado)

Hours: Monday through Friday 8:15 a.m. to 4:45 p.m.

Telephone: 287-9512

  • Saint Borja

Address: Av. Aviation No. 3326

Hours: Monday to Friday 8:15 a.m. to 4:45 p.m.


  • canyon

Address: Calle Primavera No. 200

Hours: Monday through Friday 8:15 a.m. to 4:45 p.m.


  • canete

Address: Jr. Graú Nº 483- San Vicente de Cañete

Hours: Monday through Friday 8:15 a.m. to 4:45 p.m.


  • Huacho

Address: Av. Tupac Amaru No. 299

Hours: Monday through Friday 8:15 a.m. to 4:45 p.m.

Telephone: 239-1988

  • huaral

Address: Calle Las Cucardas No. 267

Hours: Monday through Friday 8:15 a.m. to 4:45 p.m.

Telephone: 246-1511

Receiving Offices

  • Lima fence

Address: Jr. Washington #1537

Hours: Monday through Friday 8:15 a.m. to 4:45 p.m.


  • La Molina

Address: Av. La Molina 2850

Hours: Monday through Friday 8:15 a.m. to 4:45 p.m.

Telephone:479-0208 – 3112360 extension 1064

  • the olive trees

Address: Av. Alfredo Mendiola No. 5297

Hours: Monday through Friday 8:15 a.m. to 4:45 p.m.


  • lurin

Address: Urb. The Viceroynas, Mz. C, Lot 7-A

Hours: Monday through Friday 8:15 a.m. to 4:45 p.m.


  • Saint John of Lurigancho

Address: Calle Los Quipus No. 225, Urb. Zarate

Hours: Monday to Friday 8:15 a.m. to 4:45 p.m.


  • Saint John of Miraflores

Address: Jr. Baltazar Grades No. 701

Hours: Monday to Friday 8:15 a.m. to 4:45 p.m.


  • santa anita

Address: Av. Los Eucaliptos No. 1250, Urb. Los Robles.

Hours: Monday to Friday 8:15 a.m. to 4:45 p.m.


  • Window

Address: Plaza de Armas de Ventanilla, between Calle 10 and 11 Local No. 187, Private Market

Hours: Monday to Friday 8:15 a.m. to 4:45 p.m.


Process the RUC

It is the Single Taxpayer Registry (RUC), and the registry kept by the National Superintendence of Customs and Tax Administration ( SUNAT ), which takes care of all your information as a taxpayer: your name or that of the company, tax address, the activity you do, telephone number, and all the necessary information.

How do I enroll in the RUC?

For the development of your commercial activities you must register with the RUC as an Individual with Business or as a Legal Entity (company)if the latter is the case, you can adopt different business forms.

In the next video we will show you How should you enroll in the RUC? in a detailed way.

Enroll workers in EsSALUD

It The first thing to do is to register the employing entity (company). This is done through the Telematic Declaration Program – PDT or Form No. 402, which can be purchased at SUNAT or at banking entities.

The affiliation of workers is done through the Telematic Declaration Program – PDT Virtual Form No. 601 Electronic Return, if the employing entity has 3 or more workers, and in Form No. 402 if it has less than 3 workers.

This declaration, as well as the corresponding payment, must be made monthly in the authorized banking entities, according to the date established by SUNAT, and will be in charge of the employing entity.

Likewise, through this declaration, the employer will consign as a contribution 9% of the total salary received, which must not be be less than 9% of the current Minimum Living Remuneration.

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You may need information about the “Steps and Requirements to Open Detractions Account”.

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In the cases of companies that present PDT, they must declare the beneficiaries through this program and, temporarily, in ESSalud. In the cases of companies that declare with Form No. 402, they must register the rightful holders with ESSalud in accordance with the indicated requirements.

Once the workers’ statement has been made, it can be consulted on the ESSalud website ( ), or at any ESSalud agency, the care center assigned to each of them.

The data that must be entered in the PDT are the personal data of the worker and their rightful beneficiaries (spouse and/or common-law spouse, minor children, adults with disabilities, pregnant mother), such as: paternal surname, maternal surname, full names, ID number, date of birth, among others, that are indicated in it.

Request Special Permits, if required by your economic activity.

Authorizations, permits or special registrations must be processed in the corresponding institutions. This is for companies whose activities to carry out require requesting initial authorization from the competent sector.

Among the main institutions are:

  • Department of agriculture
  • Ministry of Energy and Mines
  • Ministry of Foreign Trade and Tourism-MINCETUR
  • Ministry of Interior
  • Ministry of Health
  • Ministry of Labor and Employment Promotion
  • Ministry of Transport and Communications
  • General Post Office
  • Superior Council of Contracting and Acquisitions of the State «CONSUCODE»
  • National Institute of Competition and Protection of Intellectual Property «INDECOPI»
  • Energy Investment Supervisory Agency «OSINERG»
  • Metropolitan Taxi Service «SETAME».

Obtain the Authorization of the MINTRA Payroll Book

You can withdraw the operating license in the municipality where your business is located. The municipality charges a fee depending on the activity and the area that the property will occupy.

Exists two types of licences:

  • Provisional Municipal License: this license is granted by the Municipality within a period of seven (7) business days. It grants in a single act the provisional activity license prior conformity of the zoning and compatibility of the corresponding use.

In the event that its term expires, the municipality will not be responsible for the user’s request; The operation will be valid for twelve months, counted from the date of submission of the application.

To apply for a provisional license will need: Simple photocopy of the proof of registered information or RUC file, rreceipt of payment for processing rights.

  • Definitive Municipal License: this type of license can also be requested from the beginning. After 12 months, the municipality issues the Final Municipal Operating License.

The District or Provincial Municipality, as appropriate, may not charge fees for renewal, inspection or control and updating of its data, or any other related to this procedure.

Requirements for Definitive Operating License

You will need the following requirements:

  • Definitive operating license application.
  • Certificate of Zoning and Compatibility of Use
  • Copy of the RUC
  • Copy of the Title Deed or equivalent document proving ownership or Copy of the Rental Agreement.
  • Copy of the Public Deed of Constitution.
  • Favorable Civil Defense report.
  • Payment for processing fee.
  • In the case of sectorial authorizations, copy of the authorization and/or certification of the competent sector according to activity.
  • Any other document required by the Municipality.

To continue with the Permanent License each year, taxpayers are required to submit to the Municipality of their jurisdiction an annual sworn statement, simple and free of charge, to inform that they continue in the business authorized for the establishment.

Legalize the Accounting Books before a Notary Public

accounting books they will allow you to record all the movements of money in your company There are different types of accounting books, you must choose the type according to your type of business.

There are 6 typesthose of books:

Inventory and balance sheet, journal, mmayor, retention, registration of sales and income and the book of cash and bank.

you will know what books you will need to have it notarized when you get your RUC, too can you cCheck with your accountant To obtain this information, all the books that you are going to use in your business must be legalized before being used.

Watch the video and follow each of the steps to legalize accounting books before the notary public.

Use ERP for SMEs to form Companies

ERP works like a integrated system, and although it may have menus modular, is a whole. Namely, it is a single program with access to a centralized database.

It’s about a ERP for SMEs economical, but that will allow you to expand its functionalities as your company grows and more needs are generated.

It is a Business Resource Planning System, a software that brings together a set of systems that will allow you to manage all the work processes of your company, such as accounting, production, promotion, etc.

It is a very easy to use tool and it will also be very useful for planning all the activities that you are going to carry out in your business, which is why most companies choose to implement the use of this strategy in their way of working.

Here your steps and What you should use it:

Technology continues to open paths and offer new ways to make our day to day easier, this is in all areas of our lives. In the business world, in most companies, new advances in technology have enabled the use of tools that potentially simplify management.

This tool that you just visualized through this video It will help you to have greater control and administration of your work reducing costs and in a very simple and safe way.

With all the information you have, you can start making the Procedures and Requirements to form a Company in Peru. We wish you much success!

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