A mayor or mayoress exercises a public office on behalf of a municipality in which he administers a locality for the benefit of the population. Would you like to be one? Then continue reading, because we will show you the Steps and Requirements to be Mayor in Peru.
Requirements to be Mayor in Peru
The requirements to be a mayor in Peru are the following:
- The applicant must be Peruvian by birth or have a minimum residence of three years in the region in which they are applying.
- Be over 18 years old.
- Being a citizen in good standing and enjoying the right to vote.
- If the candidate is from Peru, they must have been born in the constituency of the region to which they are applying or they must have resided in the area for at least two years.
The aforementioned time must be completed by the deadline for submission of applications for the registration of each of the candidates.
- Candidates who are foreigners have the right to elect and be elected, except in border municipalities. For this procedure, the foreign candidate identifies himself before the population and the law with his foreigner card
- The President or Vice President of the Republic.
- The Congressmen of the Republic.
- Ministers and Vice Ministers of State.
- Magistrates of the Judiciary.
- Magistrates of the Public Ministry.
- Magistrates of the Constitutional Court.
- The Comptroller General of the Republic.
- The members of the National Council of the Magistracy.
- No member of the National Elections Jury.
- The head of the National Office of Electoral Processes (ONPE)
- The head of the National Registry of Identification and Civil Status (Reniec).
- The Ombudsman.
- The president of the Central Reserve Bank.
- The superintendent of banking, insurance and private administrators of the Pension Fund.
- The Superintendent of Tax Administration (Sunat). The owners and executive members of the organizations and directors of companies that work for the State.
The only way for those mentioned to apply to the mayor’s office of some municipality, is that they must resign in charge 180 days before the date established for the holding of the elections.
- The regional presidents and vice presidents are left with no possibility of running unless they resign from their position 120 days before the scheduled date for the mayoral elections.
- Nor may members of the armed forces and national police officers apply as long as they have not retired from office as established by law.
Public officials who administer or manage State funds, the officials
rios that maintain labor relations with State companies if they do not request a license thirty (30) days before the elections are held (this license is granted only for the provision of the request made specifically).
Public officials may not apply that for some reason were suspended, dismissed or disqualified in accordance with article 100 of the Republic of Peru, nor those who have suspended the exercise of citizenship in accordance with the provisions of article 33 of the Constitution of the Republic of Peru.
For any application that you wish to make, you must have all your documents up to date, such as your ID. That is why you may be interested in our article on: «Steps and Requirements to Renew DNI»
Just as debtors of civil reparations registered in the Registry of Debtors of Civil Reparations (REDERECI) and debtors registered in the registry of delinquent food debtors (REDAM) will not be able to make a nomination for popular election.
- will be limited to the candidacy for mayors the people who have a custodial sentence (effective or suspended), people who have a consented or executed sentence for the commission of an intentional crime.
In the event that the people who wish to apply are in a position to support terrorism, referring to terrorism, illicit drug trafficking or violation of sexual freedom, the impediment will be applicable to the causes even when the people have completed some established rehabilitation period. by a judge.
The people who are sentenced to imprisonment effective or suspended granted in the exercise of functions in any State entity being civil servants or public servants, with consented or executed sentence in which corruption or embezzlement is condemned or having committed crimes of collusion, even having complied with the rehabilitation established by the law , they are not free to run for mayoral elections.
How to be Mayor in Peru
To be a good mayor in Peru, the applicant must have completed an academic load of a university degree that accredits him as a professional; he must be aware of the laws established by the State of the Republic of Peru for the benefit of the people.
As well as the constitution of the Republic of Peru; you should also have a Legislative work experienceknow correctly the municipality to which you make your application and be accepted by the population that resides there.
How the mayor is chosen
A mayor is elected by popular vote at the choice of the resident population of the municipality in question. A proposal made by the candidate and his work team in which the government plan is described is added to the voting list.
Candidate lists may be submitted by political parties, political alliances, regional movements or political organizations established in the locality of a provincial or district nature.
Since the mayor is chosen by the list with the most votes, a distribution figure is assigned to said winning list or, failing that, half plus one of the positions held in the municipal council.
For assignment of positions once the election process ends, it is done by rounding the number to the whole number higher than the one obtained.
The steps to register candidates are the following:
- Registration of political organizations in which the application is submitted, attaching the application requirements according to the type of political organization.
- Election of candidates by internal democracy of the party you will be representing, this condition only applies to political parties. The deadline for the election of these candidates will be between 180 days and 21 days before the deadline for the registration of candidates.
- The third step is the registration of candidates by the political organization you represent. The deadline for this registration is 90 days before the scheduled date for the elections.
NOTE: For the registration of the party list, 30% of men or women must be met, 15% of candidates representing native communities and original peoples of each province where they exist.
Mayoral elections in Peru
Municipal elections will be held on the first Sunday of October every five (5) years, each district constitutes an electoral district.
The municipal elections corresponding to the current year (2018) were held on Sunday, October 7, where 43 mayors were elected for the districts that make up the capital and where 21 lists were registered for participation in the municipal elections of Lima.
At midnight on July 19, the term for the application for registration for the elections scheduled for the month of October ended.
As additional information we mention the official candidates registered as mayoral candidates:
- Humberto Lay.
- Enrique Cornejo.
- Jorge Munoz.
- Manuel Velarde.
- Gustavo Guerra Garcia.
- Jorge Villacorta.
- Enrique Ocrospoma.
- Diethell Columbus.
- Juan Carlos Zurek.
- Daniel Urresti.
- Richard Belmont.
- Esther Capuñay.
- alberto Beingolea.
- Jamie Salinas.
- Carlos Enrique Fernandez Chacon.
- Renzo Reggiardo.
- Luis Castaneda.
- Julio Gago.
- Roberto Gomez Baca.
- Pablo Silva Rojas.
Among the proposals made by the candidates and their work teams, the following stand out:
- Administrative simplification.
- Standards for quality management.
- Labor inspection faculties.
- Solid waste segregation.
- Pet shelter.
- Improvement and compliance with the ordinance on climate change.
- Planning and urban development.
- Traffic control.
- Taxi regulation.
- Public bicycles.
- Review of road contracts.
- Fight crime.
- Citizen Security Observatory.
- Gender equality.
- Cooperation towards religious organizations.
- Culture and tourism.
Duties of a Mayor
The Principal functions of a mayor or mayoress are the following:
- A mayor convenes, presides over, and terminates the sessions of the municipal council.
- He proposes and directs, together with his work team, the formation of a sustainable local development plan and submits it to the approval of the municipal council in general.
- It is in charge of approving or not the budget of the municipality that corresponds to it.
- You must make contracts, agreements and carry out acts that are necessary for the correct exercise of the functions of the municipality.
The regulations that regulate the activities and proper functioning of municipalities as a State entity are the Constitution of the Republic of Peru and the Organic Law of Municipalities.
How much does a mayor earn?
The ratification in fiscal year 2018 according to council number 076-2016-MDB of December 30, 2016, establishes a monthly salary for the mayors of municipal entities of S/. 7,800.00.
In compliance with the law and the regulations established by the State, once the candidate is elected by the population, it is his duty to hold the position of Mayor for the municipality to which he was nominated, this for the benefit of the population.
This article may interest you: «Procedures and Requirements to be a Congressman in Peru»
Now that you have the Steps and Requirements to be Mayor in Peru, cheer up!
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