Steps and Requirements to Export from Peru

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In order for a country’s production to be recognized internationally, it is essential that the country export what it produces and thus be able to achieve the success it seeks.

In order to export a product, it is necessary to comply with certain requirements and laws in order to remove the product legally. Meet here the Steps and Requirements to Export from Peru.

Requirements to Export from Peru

In order for Peruvian businessmen to be able to export their products, it is necessary that they have the following in order: requirements to export:

  • You must have enabled in your taxpayer record that you carry out export activities.
  • Your tax address must not be NOT HAVING in your Single Taxpayer Registry (RUC).
  • Have in order the forms and documents necessary for the export of both legal entities and natural persons.
  • Have knowledge about international merchandise transportation.

NOTE: Natural persons can also export merchandise (sometimes). As long as they are not required to register with the RUC.

Take into account the following:

They can only make 3 annual exports, whose value per activity does not exceed 1,000 US dollars or if they make one export in the year, it must not exceed 3,000 US dollars.

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Agricultural products

The requirements to export agricultural products are the following:

  • Export Declaration

This document explains the necessary information about the export to be performed, it is required by customs both in the issuing country and the customs of the receiving country.

  • Workplan

For the export of agricultural products, the first thing that must be done is a plan of work for the conservation of the product to be exportedsaid plan must be approved by the National Sour Health Service (SENASA – Peru).

These plans are not all the same, there must be a different one because agricultural products are different, for example: grapes must be kept in a cold environment, mangoes must be in hydrothermal containers, and asparagus must be subjected to non-mass fumigation. .

  • Phytosanitary Certificate

Products to be exported must have a phytosanitary certificate, issued by a plant health entity.

For Peru it is the MEASURE or in some cases in the VICOMEX; This entity has a single box office to deal with cases related to foreign trade.

This document is issued under Supreme Decree No. 018-2008 «Regulation of the General Law of Agrarian Health».

According to Article 15 of Supreme Decree No. 018-2008 «Regulation of the General Law of Agrarian Health» Phytosanitary export certification will be carried out after inspection of plants and plant products, agricultural inputs, destined for export.

  • SENASA proposes the following for phytosanitary certification:
  • The provisions and agreements contained in the International Treaties and/or Agreements signed by the country for commercial exchange.
  • The provisions and agreements contained in the Agreements signed by SENASA with the National Plant Protection Organization of the country of destination.
  • Provisions established according to the National Plant Protection Organization (ONPF) of the importing country.

Now we present you the SENASA provisions that establish that the permit will be granted according to the following categories established in the Resolution Directorate No. 0002-2012-AG-SENASA-DSV:

  • Phytosanitary Risk Category 1: Products of vegetable origin that, due to their degree of processing, no longer have the capacity to be infested by quarantine pests; therefore, they are not subject to mandatory phytosanitary control by SENASA.

Includes products subjected to the following processes:

  • charred.
  • Fermentation.
  • Cooking.
  • Pasteurization.
  • candied
  • pulping.
  • Freezing.
  • Salty.
  • In syrup.
  • Expanded or inflated.
  • Toasted.
  • Parboiled.
  • pickled.
  • Brine.
  • Sterilization.
  • Dyeing Reduction to puree (liquefied).
  • Bleaching (textile fiber).
  • Malted.
  • Extract.
  • hydrolyzed.
  • Stabilized.
  • Sulfited.
  • precooked
  • Phytosanitary Risk Category 2: Products of industrialized vegetable origin that have been subjected to any method and degree of processing but that still have the capacity to be infested by quarantine pests.

Includes products subjected to the following processes:

  • Ground.
  • Kiln dried (industrial).
  • pelleted.
  • Sublimate.
  • Extrusion.
  • pressurized.
  • Impregnated.
  • tender.
  • Laminate.
  • crushed.
  • Paint.
  • Phytosanitary Risk Category 3: Semi-processed or primary natural vegetable products intended for consumption, direct use or transformation. Having possibilities of introducing or dispersing quarantine pests.

Includes products subjected to the following processes:

  • Chipped.
  • Discussed.
  • debarked.
  • Chopped.
  • Simple extraction (cold).
  • drying.
  • Natural.
  • shelled.
  • Simple pressing (except cotton fiber).
  • Phytosanitary Risk Category 4: Seeds, plants or their parts intended for propagation.
  • Phytosanitary Risk Category 5: Any other product of vegetable or non-vegetable origin not considered in the previous categories and that implies a demonstrable phytosanitary risk according to the corresponding Pest Risk Analysis – ARP or is required by the NPPO of the importing country, in the case of export.

  • Sworn Invoice

It is the sworn commercial invoice that the products to be exported must have; this document in turn must be identified both with the name and fiscal address of the company that exports as well as the identification of the importer; There must be 4 copies of this document plus its original.

  • Certificate of origin

The document is prepared by the exporter, using a form established by the authorities of the importing country. It usually has to be endorsed by the local chamber of commerce, embassies or consulates of the importing country.

This document has to be carefully prepared, according to the standards established by the importing country.

The products must have a certificate of origin that must be signed by both the exporter and the entity that issues this type of certificate, which in this case is the foreign trade chamber.

  • Export Permit for plant products and derivatives

The exporter requests it from the National Directorate of Agricultural Health, the Agricultural Quarantine of the Ministry of Agricultural Development and the single window for foreign trade of VICOMEX.

Maritime Products

Maritime products can be shipped in compliance with these requirements to export:

  • Hazard Analysis Plan and Critical Control Points; This document describes the product, showing in turn the way in which the fishing merchandise should be preserved to preserve the freshness that the customer deserves.
  • Export declaration; This document is necessary since it shows the amount of maritime product that is going to be imported, with its cargo, its type of embassy and all the information about it.
  • As with agricultural products, it must be identified both with the tax data of the exporter and with the data of the importer.
  • The certificate of origin is issued by the chamber of commerce Exterior.

  • The Zoosanitary Certificate

The animal health certificate is issued by the health directorate in the animal protection department: this certificate is important when it comes to exporting animals.

It is issued by the National Sanitation Service, according to Supreme decret Nº 018-2008 «Regulation of the General Law of Agrarian Health», certifies the status phytosanitary of any shipment subject to regulations zoosanitary and specific procedures.

According to Article 15 of Supreme Decree No. 018-2008 «Regulation of the General Law of Agrarian Health» Export animal health certification will be carried out after inspection of animals and products of animal origin, destined for export.

  • The SENASA establishes the procedures for animal health certification, being able to take into account, in a discretionary manner, among other aspects, the following criteria:
  • Animal health requirements established by the National Agricultural Health Authorities of the importing countries.
  • The provisions and agreements contained in the International Treaties and/or Agreements signed by the country for commercial exchange.
  • The provisions and agreements contained in the Agreements signed by SENASA in accordance with the powers established in Article 5 of the Law or those established in other regulations.

The administrator is responsible for providing SENASA with the animal health requirements established by the National Agrarian Health Authorities of the countries of destination.

The certification will be carried out at the request and risk of the exporter, for which he must have:

  • A request addressed to SENASA.
  • The requirements established by annex 003 of the Single Text of Administrative Procedure (TUPA) must be met.

Manufactured products

Manufactured products do not need many requirements to export if not the following:

  • Export declaration as all exports made in the country must have it.
  • Invoice sworn by the exporter, well identified with the original and 4 copies.
  • The certificate of origin must be with the original and 4 copies.

Textile products

textile products They do not require a special plan for their conservation such as agricultural products and others, for this reason it is only required that they be well packed to prevent the product from getting dirty and the following documents are needed:

  • Export declaration; It is the documentation that shows the information of the product to be exported and it is required by customs.
  • The sworn invoice with the tax identification of the exporter and the identification of the importer as letterhead along with the cost of the product.
  • You must have a certificate of originality. (4 copies together with the original).
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Export to the United States

To export from Peru to the United States, the following requirements must be met:

  • Exporters must be manufacturers, packers, and warehouse operators.
  • Must register with the FDA (Food and Drug Administration: Food and Drug Administration or Food and Drug Administration) in the case of exporting food or health products.

This registration can be done on the page, sending an email to the entity, or recording the export information on a CD.

  • For register with FDA you need to know the following:
  • The process is free.
  • It is necessary to indicate the agents in charge of imports in the United States.
  • The registration is only done once, it is modified if the fiscal address is changed or the legal representative is changed.
  • Any modification that the company undergoes, that is, change of address, change of owner, even change of name, the current registration must first be deleted and a new one created.

The United States customs must be informed that a product is going to arrive from Peru, this process must be done by the importer.

US customs as well must be informed about the entry of products and if they are of agricultural, fishing or health origin by the FDA.

  • First of all the FDA You must approve the importation of the product.
  • The products must be well identified and must be in both English and Spanish.
  • Additionally, the products must have their certificate of phytosanitarythe certificate of originality, the work plans to preserve the freshness of agricultural products.
  • A record must be kept of previous sources of supply and subsequent recipients.

Export Regulations

export regulations are based on the protection of the product, as well as the benefit of both countries who are involved in moving the product from one country to another.

The regulations that influence exports are those that are related to the health laws that govern the ministries and directorates of health.

Also the laws that protect the originality of the products, since each product to be exported must be validated as a product suitable for human consumption and that it be sold by its producer.

Export Costs

Like every export varies in cost Since they all have a preparation for the type of product that is going to be exported, the meaning of what is going to be paid must be taken into account to understand its value.

  • Packaging: Container or wrapping used to group and transport products. Other functions of the packaging are to protect the content, inform about its handling conditions, legal requirements, composition, ingredients, etc. and promote the product through graphics.

In the store, packaging can help sell merchandise through its graphic and structural design.

  • Internal Transport: Transportation of merchandise loaded in a place located within the national territory to be shipped or loaded in a place located within the same national territory.

It is generally the transport between the buyer’s warehouse and the international storage terminal (airport, port or terreport).

  • Customs agency: Person (natural or legal) authorized by SUNAT – CUSTOMS, to act before the competent bodies in the name and on behalf of the person who hires their services, in the process of a customs operation or activity.
  • International freight: Price paid for the transport of merchandise in a ship, truck or plane. The freight cost depends directly on the weight and/or volume of the merchandise to be shipped.
  • International Insurance: It is the payment that is given for the coverage of the merchandise in the event that an accident occurs in the transport of the same and the merchandise is totally or partially lost.
  • customs clearance: These are the costs that include the payment of taxes in the country of destination for the purposes of nationalizing the merchandise. They basically lie in the tariff and sales tax.
  • Custom agent: Commission charged by the Customs Agency for carrying out the nationalization procedures of the merchandise in front of the Customs Offices of the country of destination.
  • Internal Transport: Transportation of merchandise loaded in a place located within the national territory to be unloaded or unloaded in a place located within the same national territory.

It is the transport between the port, airport or land port of the country of destination to the buyer’s warehouse.

In every business transaction there are Payment Methods, that may be viable for those involved in the export of the product.

Payment Methods

Once the sale price of the export has been established, the parties must define the way in which the amount will be paid, there being some basic ones:

  • Advance = First the money and then the cargo.
  • Deferred = First the load and then the money.
  • Mixed = Combination of the above.

Where should the documents for Export be processed?

Depending on the document you need, you should contact:

  • Export Declaration

This document is processed in the Customs entities of the exporting country.

Merchandise covered by a Single Customs Declaration must comply with the following requirements:

  • Correspond to a transaction value.
  • Correspond to a single operation and a single recipient.
  • The name of the consignor must be the person who issued the invoice to the customer domiciled abroad.

  • Export Transportation

These documents must be issued by the companies that are going to transport the products that are going to be taken from the country of origin to the importing country. Must contain:

  • Name and address of the exporting company.
  • Name and address of the importing company
  • Conveyance
  • Ascending Order Number
  • Number of packages, boxes, containers, etc.
  • Official Use
  • Country of origin
  • Official Use
  • Product description
  • Official Use
  • Gross weight
  • Invoice number and date
  • Country of origin
  • Importing country
  • Presentation date, signature and stamp of the company.

  • The Packing List or “Packing List”

It is the shipping document that details all the shipped merchandise or all the components of the same large-volume merchandise, specifying with greater precision the form of packaging, the quantities, quality, brands, series, parts, accessories, weights, dimensions, contents of each package and into how many parts it is divided.

This document must have the following information:

  • Reference to the invoice number that corresponds to the export and order.
  • Number of packages by type of merchandise, that is, total number of boxes by type of merchandise included in the shipment. If you do not indicate the number of boxes containing the same type of goods, it will be more difficult to verify the shipment.
  • Assigned numbers, for each type of merchandise, the numbers followed by the boxes they contain. If the boxes are not numbered, or are numbered incorrectly, it can cause confusion for the customs authorities and for the customer.
  • Content of each package, If the content is not correctly described, it will be difficult to identify the items.
  • External dimensions of the packages.
  • Unit gross weight.
  • Packaging, if they are in «pallets», it must be indicated. If they require special handling, this must also be indicated.
  • Shipment type.
  • Brands and numbers used.
  • Total number of packages.
  • Total volume.
  • Total net weight (excluding packaging).
  • Total gross weight; If the net weight is omitted or confused with the gross weight, misunderstandings and additional expenses may arise.

  • Certificate of origin

The certificate of origin must be issued by the chamber of foreign trade of Peru and must meet the following requirements for the exporter to obtain this certificate:

  • Affidavit of Origin duly filled out, also attaching the supporting documents about the origin of the merchandise and its materials. Its presentation is mandatory, with a maximum validity period of two years.
  • In the case of having a Registered Affidavit of Originmust submit an Affidavit stating that the information of the registered Affidavit of Origin remains unchanged, and must indicate the registration number of the Affidavit of Origin.
  • Also attach the certificate of origin duly filled out, signed and sealed by the exporter, as established in the trade agreement or preferential regime for which said document is requested.
  • Legible copy of the export invoice correctly filled out. In the case of an exporter that is included in the Single Simplified Regime (RUS) You may present a copy of the bill of sale.
  • In addition, you have to do the payment for processing feewhich is established in the TUPA – MINCETUR.

  • Health Certificates

To obtain health certificates for products that are for human consumption, you should go to the following entities:

  • SENASA: agricultural health. Phytosanitary and zoosanitary certification.
  • Official Export Sanitary Certificate: Official document where it is guaranteed in writing that a certain batch of a food to be exported is suitable for human consumption and meets certain sanitary requirements. Issued at the request of the parties.
  • DIGEMID: Generic drugs. Health records, CLV and consumption.
  • Free Trade Certificate (CLV): Official document that certifies that an industrialized food is sold freely in the country.
  • DIGESA: Export Sanitary Certification for processed food products, CLV, AS.
  • Sanitary Authorization for Export of Additives: Official document where the sanitary aptitude of a certain additive is guaranteed. Issued at the request of the parties.
  • ITP: Sanitary Certification of food of hydrobiological origin:
  • Sanitary Certification: document that establishes the sanitary requirements used to issue the Official Sanitary and/or Quality Certification for the commercialization of food and feed of fishing and aquaculture origin.

The requirements to issue health certificates for the product to be exported are the following:

  • First, an application is made addressed to DIGESA as an affidavitcontaining No. of RUCsigned by the Legal Representative.
  • Following this, the establishment inspection report and physical, chemical and microbiological analyzes of the finished product are presented, confirming its suitability according to current sanitary regulations, issued by an accredited laboratory or the quality control laboratory of the factory.
  • In addition, the certificate of Free Commercialization or similar must be presented or Sanitary Certificate issued by the Authority Competent of the country of origin, in original or copy endorsed by the respective consulate, when the food or drink is imported.
  • Present the labeling of the labeled products (if required).
  • Food and Drinks of special regimesmust indicate their nutritional properties, accompanying the corresponding bromatological analysis carried out by a laboratory accredited by INDECOPI.
  • Also present the Affidavit of being mypewhen appropriate and finally present the proof of Payment of Right to said procedure.

  • Phytosanitary Certification

The corresponding certification will be made at the request and risk of the exporter, for which it must have:

  • A request addressed to SENASAwhich is sent using the Foreign Trade Single Window (VICE)
  • Certification of places of production.
  • Certification of treatment and/or packaging plants and inspection centers.

Phytosanitary certification of the shipment:

  • Phytosanitary inspection of the shipment.
  • Phytosanitary treatment (cold, hydrothermal, fumigation).

Why Export Products?

With the export of products a company can be magnified both in wealth and in its recognition in the international market.

Thus achieving that the company endures over time, giving society the opportunity to acquire a job that helps them obtain a good quality of life.

With the growth of the company, branches can be installed in the countries where it exports. All this can be achieved if the products produced by the company are manufactured under internationally imposed quality standards.

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We hope that knowledge of the Steps and Requirements to Export from Peru Take your business to the next level!

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