At present, couples who decide to adopt an infant are common. Regardless of the reasons for which you decide to make an adoption, it is important to know the legal requirements and provisions according to the country in which you want to carry out the adoption.
The Requirements to Adopt a Child in Peru They are regulated by the Ministry of Women and Vulnerable Populations, which has determined that the number of adoptions by Peruvian citizens has increased, taking into account that previously there were more adoptions by foreign families.
Adoption is the permanent protection measure, through which a family is provided to children and adolescents who have been declared abandoned, The main objective of it is to give the child a family, a home in which they can feel identified in which their rights and integrity are respected..
In the same way, adoption is a measure of protection, it is a right that makes family life possible for girls, boys and adolescents who have been judicially declared abandoned and are in a situation of family vulnerability.
Benefits of Adopting a Child
There are many benefits that the adoption of children brings to almost everyone who participates in this beautiful social event.
Adopted infants are undoubtedly the ones who benefit the most from adoptionThis is because the adoptive parents are already prepared not only emotionally but also financially.
Let’s not forget that adoptive parents are carefully selected in the adoption process to ensure that the child will receive the maximum benefits as it should be in a home.
That is why it is very important that when the adopted infant arrives home, they believe that bond between parent and childIf this relationship is not fostered, there is no family, hence the importance of developing it.
That special relationship that the child establishes with a small number of people is an affective bond that forms between himself and each of these people.
It is a two-way process from parents to children and from children to parents; even in the case of a newborn baby, who, although they seem to have no attachment due to their young age, they build that attachment from the moment their physical and emotional needs are covered.
The family relationship is not established only in the womb, it develops by covering the basic physical and emotional needs of the child.
Benefits for adoptive parents
- Opportunity to renew goals and dreams.
- Greater sense of humanity and kindness.
- Unconditional love for society.
Benefits for the child
- The love and support of his adoptive parents, who are emotionally and financially prepared to provide him with a better quality of life.
- Provide you with a home and family life environment.
- Physical, emotional and spiritual resources that he lacked in his state of orphanhood
- A greater opportunity for a good education and the opportunity to attend university
It is important to note that only children and adolescents judicially declared in a state of abandonment can be promoted for adoption through the General Directorate of Adoptions.
That is why not all infants living in residential care centers (CAR) can be given up for adoption, this is because not all of them have been declared abandoned.
For Declare a Peruvian child in a state of abandonment the Tutelary Investigation Process must be carried out, which consists of two stages:
- In the first place, the protective investigation, in charge of the Ministry of Women and Vulnerable Populations.
- Secondly, the declaration of the state of abandonment, by the Judiciary.
This model is only fulfilled in Lima. In the provinces, both the guardianship investigation and the declaration of abandonment are still in charge of the Judiciary.
Ministry of Women and Vulnerable Populations
The Ministry of Women and Vulnerable Populations (MIMP) It is the organ of the Peruvian State dedicated to women and the right in the Peruvian society.
It was created on October 29, 1996 under the name of Ministry for the Promotion of Women and Human Development (PROMUDEH) being modified on July 11, 2002 by Organic Law 27779, in the Ministry of Women and Social Development (MIMDES). ).
- Since 2012, it has been known as the Ministry of Women and Vulnerable Populations (MIMP).
Their mission detailed is “Design, establish, promote, execute and supervise public policies in favor of women, girls, boys, adolescents, older adults, people with disabilities and internal migrants, to guarantee the exercise of their rights and a life free of violence, lack of protection and discrimination in the framework of a culture of peace”
This entity is currently chaired by the lawyer Ana María Mendieta Trefogli, Minister of Women and Vulnerable Populations; She graduated from the Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú with a master’s degree in Constitutional Law from the Federico Villareal National University and a postgraduate diploma in Women’s Human Rights from the Human Rights Center of the University of Chile.
She held the position of Vice Minister for Women and was Executive Director of the National Program against Family and Sexual Violence (PNCVFS).
Currently the ministry is made up of the Vice Ministry for Women and the Vice Ministry for Vulnerable Populations.
Requirements to adopt a child in Peru
In order to adopt infants in Peru, you must be Peruvian citizen or foreign citizen residing in Peruas well as foreign citizens whose country of residence has signed an Agreement in this regard with Peru or with the National Secretariat for Adoptions.
The requirements are:
- It is recommended that applicants be married, however single, divorced and widowed people will be allowed in exceptional cases, since applicants must be between 30 and 45 years old and will be previously verified.
- Applicants must be between the ages of 25 and 55, and must adopt people who are at least 18 years apart.
- In the case of marriages, the couple must have lived together for at least 2 years, in the same way it will be accepted that the couple have an adopted or biological child, in cases in which there is more than one child, they can only adopt infants older than 5 years.
In the same way, married couples must have completed a minimum of high school academic instruction.
- Applicants must attend a training workshop given by the National Secretariat for Adoption.
- In the case of foreigners or residents abroad, they must remain in Peru for a minimum of 30 days.
- The selection criteria to adopt a child according to their age must be taken into account:
- Applicants between the ages of 25 and 43 may adopt newborns up to 3-year-olds.
- Applicants between the ages of 43 and 51 may adopt infants from 3 to 4 years of age.
- Applicants between the ages of 51 and 55 may only adopt children from 5 years of age.
- Single, divorced or widowed people with children will be offered the proposal to adopt children over 6 years of age.
Procedures to carry out the adoption
As to documents necessary, it is important to note that They must have a time of no more than one year of issuanceand in the case of documents referring to health, they must not have been issued for more than three months at most.
- An application must be submitted to the National Secretariat for Adoptions where the reason for adopting a girl, boy or adolescent is stated (this applies to both married couples and natural persons).
To write the letter, a reference model can be purchased at the Ministry of Women and Vulnerable Populations or at the Embassy of Peru in the country where Find applicants.
- Legalized copy of the DNI, passport or identity documents of those interested in making the adoption.
- In the case of having their own or adopted children, they must present their legalized identifications, it is essential that the document contains the full and correctly written names.
- Passport size photos of each applicant and recent family photos.
- Photographs of the applicants’ home and the bedroom that will be offered to the infant to be adopted must be attached to the other documents on A4 size sheets.
- The marital status of the applicants must be justified, either a marriage certificate, a judgment certificate in the case of divorce, or, failing that, the spouse’s death certificate in cases of widowhood.
You may be interested in our article about the «Procedures and Requirements for Divorce in Peru»
- The state of physical health will be justified with supporting documents, in which the absence of AIDS, hepatitis, infectious and pulmonary diseases is certified, including their children in the case of having them or any person who lives directly with the marriage or with the persons applicants.
Additionally, a mental health verification document accredited by a psychiatrist must be submitted, based on your medical history or your mental health examination.
- Certificate of police and criminal record that demonstrates that you have no problems with the law.
- Work certificate, proof of annual income, income tax statement and any document that proves economic solvency to adopt a child.
- Domiciliary certification or demonstration of stable housing.
Steps to adopt a child in Peru
It consists of several stages:
- To start the procedures, you must attend the so-called Informative Session and the pre-adoption workshops.
- Once completed, the registration form will be delivered to the Parties Table; Subsequently, a psycho-social and legal evaluation will be carried out on the interested parties, which will be verified in the following fifteen business days.
- There, a declaration of aptitude will be issued that will enter the National Registry of Adopters and the discussion of the proposals by the Adoption Council.
- Next, the child to be adopted will be designated, in which the applicant citizens will have seven days to send the acceptance letter;
- Simultaneously, we proceed to inform the shelter for the preparation of the child to adopt and the so-called «Empathy Stage» begins with the child, which takes place for approximately 7 days.
- Then the family placement stage will begin (between 7 and 14 days) in which two verification visits will be made and the adoption resolution and post-adoptive commitment will be signed, with this document, the adoptive parents can grant their last names to their son.
- Finally, there will be a legal term of one day to carry out the resolution of the adoption and its corresponding signature, which will then be communicated to the RENIEC (National Registry of Identification and Civil Status) and upon completion, the new departure of the adopted child will be obtained.
- After the favorable report is issued, the parents sign the Adoption Resolution and the commitment.
- Finally, semi-annual visits will be made to the families during the following three years.
- In the case of international adoptions, families or institutions with legal permits must communicate semi-annual reports for a period of 4 years, there may be exceptions according to international agreements.
- They are carried out in order to verify the well-being of the child and conclude with the issuance of the final certificate or report.
- It is important to note that all the documentation presented by the adopters residing abroad must be translated into Spanish by a public translator and the signatures legalized by the official authorities of the foreign country, by the Peruvian Consulate and by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Peru.
- All documentation cannot be older than eight months.
In the case of foreign citizens who wish to adopt a Peruvian child should refer to all the indications previously expressedwith the exception that when starting their procedures they must:
- Make an appearance and present your adoption application at the centers or institutions authorized by your country of residence to process international adoptions, in accordance with current international conventions, either embassies or institutions designated for procedures for adopting infants.
It is important to note that The presence of the applicants will not be required until the moment in which the National Secretariat for Adoptions informs them if the application has been accepted and therefore the special assignment of the infant.
The National Secretariat for Adoptions provides advice regarding any query regarding the adoption of infants free of charge and without the need for legal signatures before the adoption process.
If you need information about marriages in Peru, read our article on: «Procedures and Requirements to Get Married in Peru».
Peruvian adopters residing abroad
In the case of Peruvian citizens who are residents outside of Peru, they will not be subject to the obligation to submit their application and documentation through the institutions authorized to process international adoptions.
The same may do so directly before the National Secretariat for Adoptions, entity that will have its evaluation.
The above provisions will also apply to Peruvian citizens residing abroad who have married citizens of a different nationality.
- The documentation indicated above must be delivered and duly ordered in two laminated folders to place the original documents and the copies separately;
- In the same way, the presence of the applicants will not be necessary until the moment in which the National Secretariat for Adoptions notifies them by official letter of the designation of the infant to be adopted.
In Peru, the number of applicants for adoptions is greater than the number of children and adolescents in condition to be adoptedThat is why there are so-called priority adoptions.
These consist of locating a special family that provides love, protection and special care, according to the needs of children and adolescents, who are likely to be adopted, they are classified as:
- Boys and girls over 9 years old (between 9 and 12 years old)
- Adolescents (13 to 17 years old)
- group of brothers
- Children with special needs
- Children with health problems
Unlike so-called regular adoptions, when a family is accepted and is interested in a priority adoption can carefully review the infant’s file to adopt to know all their respective backgrounds.
In the event that the family decides to adopt a child from this group, the procedure rises in the same month to the Adoption Council.
It is important to note that the applicant family will not compete with other families, as is the case with regular adoptions.
Steps to carry out a priority adoption in Peru
Families eligible for adoption and those who have begun the comprehensive evaluation process can review the list of Priority Adoptions and request, through the Reporting Table, the review and study of the child’s or adolescent’s file, which contains information on their medical, psychological, social and legal situation.
Once the family is finished send a letter where they express their desire to adopt the child or adolescent from Priority Adoptions for which they consider that they have the characteristics that allow them to guarantee their optimum comprehensive growth.
- Consultations regarding Priority Adoptions can be made at the General Directorate of Adoptions, located at Av. Benavides 1155. Miraflores, Monday through Friday from 9:00 a.m. to 1:00 p.m. and from 2:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m.
- In the same way you can make contacts at telephone 626-1600 extension 1701 and to email email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
Which Agency should you go to to adopt a child in Peru?
You must go to the Ministry of Women and Social Development. Below we leave you their addresses, contact numbers and emails:
Lima, Callao, Ica and Amazonas
Fixed Telephone: 626-1600 Annex 1701 / Direct: 626-1850
Av. Benavides Nº 1155, Miraflores, Lima – Peru
Arequipa, Moquegua and Tacna RPC: 944458253
Av. Jorge Chavez Nº 808, Cercado Arequipa
Ayacucho and Huancavelica RPC: 944458038
Av. Los Incas s/n Block 6 – Jesús Nazareno District. Huamanga – Ayacucho (Foncodes)
Cusco, Apurimac and Madre de Dios
RPC: 944458196 / Fixed: 084-221485
Av. Collasuyo s/n – Juan Pablo II Children’s Village, Cusco.
Huánuco, Cerro de Pasco and Ucayali
RPC: 944458331 / Fixed: 062-512594
Jr. 2 de Mayo N°1920, 2nd floor.Huánuco
Junin RPC: 944457168
Jr. Cusco 1576, Huancayo
La Libertad and Ancash RPC: 944457997
Av. Spain 1800, Trujillo.
Lambayeque and Cajamarca RPC: 944458312 / Fixed: 074-207393
Los Laureles Street No. 179 Urb. Los Libertadores, Chiclayo.
Loreto and San Martin RPC: 944460961
Av. 28 de Julio 500, Punchana, Maynas, Loreto
Piura and Tumbes RPC: 944457830
Huancavelica Street No. 227, Office 2, Piura.
Puno RPC: 944461409
Jr. Huancané with Jr. Lima, Puno.
This reading may interest you: «Steps and Requirements for Baptism in Peru»
Who is in charge of approving adoptions in Peru?
The body in charge of approving adoptions in Peru is the General Directorate of Adoptions. It is also known as the National Secretariat for Adoptions, the citizen Mayerlin Pacheco Abarca is currently its General Director.
We hope that the Steps and Requirements to Adopt a Child in Peru They have encouraged you to bring a new member to your family to give them lots of love.
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