If among your goals is to be president or to be part of the presidential political sphere of the beautiful country of Uruguay, we will show you the Requirements to be president in Uruguay.
Requirements to be President of Uruguay
Article 151 of the Constitution of the Oriental Republic of Uruguay: The President and Vice President of the Republic will be elected jointly and directly by the Electoral Body, by an absolute majority of voters.
Each party may only present one candidacy for the Presidency and the Vice-Presidency of the Republic. If on the date indicated by the first paragraph of numeral 9 of article 77, none of the candidacies obtained the required majority, a second election between the two most voted candidacies will be held on the last Sunday of November of the same year.
The guarantees established for suffrage in Section III will also govern, considering the Republic as a single electoral constituency.
Only natural citizens in office, who are thirty-five years of age, may be elected.
Documents to run for President
The only documents necessary to run for the presidency of Uruguay are the identity card, which identifies you as Uruguayan and certifies that you are of the required age, which is 35 years, plus the formal application before the electoral authorities.
Steps to be President
These procedures usually occur in times of pre-elections where the electoral body of the country begins to receive applications from any Uruguayan, you just have to have the conviction to do so and go to the electoral body.
Current President of Uruguay
The current president of Uruguay is Tabaré Vázquez (January 17, 1940, Montevideo, Uruguay) is a Uruguayan physician and politician. He is the President of the Oriental Republic of Uruguay since March 1, 2015. He had previously held the same position between March 1, 2005 and March 1, 2010.
He is one of the leaders of the Broad Front. He was the first left-wing candidate to hold a relevant elective position when he obtained, in 1989, the position of Mayor of Montevideo and, in 2004, after two previous attempts, the Presidency of the Republic, breaking with the hegemony of the traditional parties of the country, the Colorado Party and the National Party.
Finally, in the October 2004 elections, he managed to win his presidential candidacy, being the first elected president of the Broad Front in the country’s history.
On November 24, 2008, already in his position as president, he requested his disaffiliation from the Socialist Party, after the Congress of that party rejected the presidential veto filed against the articles of the sexual and reproductive health law (which enabled the decriminalization of abortion)and for not directly supporting the Astori-Mujica presidential candidacy, which the president presented to the Broad Front.
However, exactly two years after his disaffiliation, on November 24, 2010, Vázquez attended an event commemorating the 100th anniversary of the Socialist Party in the country, where he was the main speaker offering a long speech. This was seen by the local press as a rapprochement with the party and as the definitive return to political activity.
Election of Presidents
The executive power is exercised by the President of Uruguay (President of the Republic), who acts jointly with the Council of Ministers. The president is simultaneously head of state and head of government, and is elected together with the vice-president by direct popular election, while they in turn designate the council of ministers. Ministers are appointed and dismissed by the President.
Likewise, the Ministers are appointed “among citizens who, by having parliamentary support, ensure their permanence in office” (Constitution, Art. 174), therefore the General Assembly can remove the Ministers by an absolute majority of votes.
The president has a term of 5 years without immediate re-election until after the same period from the end of his position. The president and vice president are elected in the same candidacy presented by the respective party.
Is presidential re-election allowed?
In Uruguay, immediate re-election is not allowed, there must be a presidential transition period in which the person who was the president of the previous term will not be able to run.
Positions and powers of the President of the Republic
Article 168 – The President of the Republic, acting with the respective Minister or Ministers, or with the Council of Ministers, corresponds:
- 1º) The preservation of order and tranquility in the interior, and security in the exterior.
- 2º) The superior command of all the Armed Forces.
- 3º) Give withdrawals and fix the pensions of civil and military employees in accordance with the laws.
- 4º) Publish and circulate, without delay, all the laws that, according to Section VII, are already in a state to publish and circulate, execute them, have them executed, issuing the special regulations that are necessary for their execution.
- 5º) Inform the Legislative Power, at the opening of ordinary sessions, about the state of the Republic and the improvements and reforms that it considers worthy of its attention.
- 6º) To object or make observations to the bills sent by the Legislative Power, and suspend or oppose their promulgation, in the manner provided in Section VII.
- 7º) Propose to the Chambers bills or modifications to the laws previously enacted. Said projects may be submitted with a declaration of urgent consideration.
The declaration of urgency must be made simultaneously with the remission of each project, in which case they must be considered by the Legislative Power within the terms that are expressed below, and they will be considered sanctioned if they have not been expressly discarded within such terms. , nor has a replacement project been sanctioned. Your process will conform to the following rules:
a) The Executive Power may not send to the General Assembly more than one bill with a declaration of urgent consideration simultaneously, nor send a new bill under such conditions while the terms for the legislative consideration of another previously sent are running;
b) Budget projects may not deserve this qualification, nor those whose approval requires the vote of three-fifths or two-thirds of the total components of each House;
c) each House by the vote of three fifths of the total of its components, may annul the declaration of urgent consideration, in which case the normal procedures foreseen in Section VII will be applied from that moment;
d) The Chamber that receives the bill first must consider it within a period of forty-five days. After the first thirty days have elapsed, the Chamber will be summoned to an extraordinary and permanent session for the consideration of the project. Once the fifteen days of said call have expired without the project having been expressly rejected, it will be considered approved by said Chamber in the form in which it was sent by the Executive Power and will be communicated immediately and ex officio to the other Chamber;
e) The second Chamber will have thirty days to pronounce itself and if it approves a text other than the one sent by the first, it will return it to the latter, which will have fifteen days for its consideration. Once this new term has expired without an express pronouncement, the project will be sent immediately and ex officio to the General Assembly. If the thirty-day period expires without the bill having been expressly rejected, it shall be considered approved by said Chamber in the form in which it was forwarded by the Executive Power and shall be communicated to it immediately and ex officio, if applicable, or in the same forms the first Chamber, if it has approved a text other than that of the Executive Power;
f) The General Assembly will have ten days for its consideration. If this new term expires without an express pronouncement, the project will be considered sanctioned in the form in which it was voted by the last Chamber that gave it express approval.
The General Assembly, if it expressly pronounces itself, will do so in accordance with article 135;
g) when a bill with a declaration of urgent consideration is rejected by either of the two Chambers, the provisions of article 142 shall apply;
h) The term for consideration by the first Chamber will begin to run from the day following the receipt of of the project by the Legislative Power.
Each of the subsequent terms will begin to run automatically upon expiration of the immediately preceding term or from the day following receipt by the corresponding body if there had been express approval before the expiration of the term.
- 8º) Call the Legislative Branch to extraordinary sessions to determine the matters subject to the call and in accordance with what is established in article 104.
- 9º) Provide civil and military jobs, in accordance with the Constitution and the laws.
- 10°) Remove employees for ineptitude, omission or crime, in all cases with the agreement of the Chamber of Senators or, in its recess, with that of the Permanent Commission, and in the last case, passing the file to Justice. Diplomatic and consular officials may also be dismissed, with the permission of the Chamber of Senators, for committing acts that affect their good name or the prestige of the country and the representation they hold. If the Chamber of Senators or the Permanent Commission does not issue a definitive resolution within ninety days, the Executive Power will dispense with the requested permission, for the purposes of dismissal.
- 11°) Grant military promotions in accordance with the laws, needing, for those of Colonel and other Superior Officers, the permission of the Chamber of Senators or, in its recess, that of the Permanent Commission.
- 12°) Appoint the consular and diplomatic personnel, with the obligation to request the agreement of the Chamber of Senators, or of the Permanent Commission when the latter is in recess, for the Heads of Mission. If the Chamber of Senators or the Permanent Commission does not issue a resolution within sixty days, the Executive Branch will dispense with the requested permission.
The positions of Ambassadors and Ministers of the Foreign Service will be considered of particular confidence of the Executive Power, unless the law dictated with the assent vote of the absolute majority of the total components of each Chamber provides otherwise.
- 13°) Designate the Prosecutor of Court and the other Prosecutors Attorneys of the Republic, with the approval of the Chamber of Senators or the Permanent Commission in its case, always granted by three-fifths of votes of the total number of components. The consent will not be necessary to designate the State Attorney in Administrative Litigation, nor the Government and Treasury Prosecutors.
- 14°) To remove by itself the military and police employees and the others that the law declares removable.
- 15°) Receive Diplomatic Agents and authorize the exercise of their functions to foreign Consuls.
- 16°) Decree the rupture of relations and, previous resolution of the General Assembly, declare war, if arbitration or other peaceful means do not give results to avoid it.
- 17°) Take prompt security measures in serious and unforeseen cases of external attack or internal commotion, reporting, within twenty-four hours, to the General Assembly, in a meeting of both Chambers or, where appropriate, to the Permanent Commission, of what was executed and its reasons, being up to what the latter resolve.
As for people, prompt security measures only authorize arresting them or transferring them from one point to another in the territory, as long as they did not choose to leave it. Also this measure, like the others, must be submitted, within twenty-four hours of adoption, to the General Assembly in a meeting of both Chambers or, where appropriate, to the Permanent Commission, pending its resolution.
The arrest may not be made in premises intended for the detention of criminals.
- 18°) Collect the income that, according to the laws must be for its dependencies, and give them the destination that according to those corresponds.
- 19°) Prepare and present the budgets to the General Assembly, in accordance with the provisions of Section XIV, and give an informed account of the investment made from the previous ones.
- 20°) Conclude and sign treaties, needing to ratify them the approval of the Legislative Power.
- 21°) Grant industrial privileges in accordance with the laws.
- 22°) Authorize or deny the creation of any Banks that may have been established.
- 23°) Provide, at the request of the Judiciary, the assistance of the public force.
- 24°) Delegate by well-founded resolution and under its political responsibility the powers it deems appropriate.
- 25°) The President of the Republic will sign the resolutions and communications of the Executive Power with the Minister or Ministers to which the matter corresponds, a requirement without which no one will be obliged to obey them.
Notwithstanding, the Executive Branch may provide that certain resolutions be established by act granted with the same previously established requirement.
- 26°) The President of the Republic will freely designate a Secretary and a Deputy Secretary, who will act as such in the Council of Ministers.
Both will cease with the President and may be removed or replaced by him at any time.
Article 169 – You may not allow the enjoyment of salary for any other title than that of active service, retirement, retirement or pension, in accordance with the laws.
according to Art.158: March 1 of the year following the national election.
The presidential elections in Uruguay have historically been very homogeneous, the people of Uruguay exercise their vote with respect and responsibility. If one day you want to be president of this country you will have to know the Requirements to be president in Uruguay
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