The certificate of origin is crucial for the correct processing of merchandise, both for importing and exporting in Venezuela, what does this certificate imply? how to process it?
What is the Certificate of Origin?
It is known as a certificate of origin to that legal paperwork that manages to establish that an article to be exported or imported is coming from a territory, to have tariff preferences, extension of quotas and obtaining commercial statistics. It is important because it favors exports and access to benefits thanks to international trade agreements.
This certificate certifies the country of origin of a certain product or merchandise, because its manufacture or resources have a certain country as their place of origin. Such items must fit and comply with the preferential regime and the requirements of the duty that concerns them
Basically, the certificate of origin is a documented proof in which the nation, country, region from which a certain merchandise comes from is accredited, allowing the exporter or importer to carry out its process successfully together with other documents in this same order of ideas such as the EUR, FORM A and even receive tariff preferences .
As part of its main functions, it guarantees before the customs authority through detailed and specific descriptions of the merchandise, its manufacture in the place where it is indicated as origin. Said certificate is issued to enable products that come from a specific country and said merchandise is accepted to comply with all specific laws related to non-EU nations..
What is it necessary for?
Thanks to the issuance of a Certificate of Origin it is possible to achieve, as mentioned, a accreditation success of a commodity.
Either to import or export it, and thus meet the requirements for commercial treatment at the entrance to customs, because they exercise control and a series of stipulated, sanitary and commercial requirements that vary from one country of origin to another. , which is useful to the companies that produce the goods nationally for the payment of taxes at said customs, so that their manufacture and sale in relation to the competition.
The role played by this certificate is essential in the development of international trade because it indicates that the product in question has been manufactured in the country indicated on the certificate.
Thanks to this, the goods have the scope to be within the margin covered by the strict regulations and the corresponding tariffs are applied to them. And for this, it must be classified in such a way that it is distinguished from other documents.
It should be noted that the certificate must match the description of the products in question with the commercially invoiced report, as well as the list of contents, taking this suggestion into account is of paramount importance.
Mostly, this certificate is considered as limited in its validationas long as there are no changes in the information of its content, and in its original state.
A precautionary suggestion is that you should not allow so much time between the date of issue and the date of shipment of the products, because this could cause trouble in the importing country.
What are your requirements?
The procedure involved to export to Venezuela is characterized by being divided into the classifications of good, place of origin and the means of transport involved for entry into Venezuela.
If what you want is to export to Venezuela, you must have extensive knowledge about the procedures to export to Venezuela that are applicable to the products involved.
Kind of product
Primary goods raw materials or inputs.
- Certificate of origin
- Certificate of non-national production (CNP)
- Phytosanitary and animal health permit and certificates
- Permits and licenses before the competent Ministry
industrial intermediate goods
- Certificate of origin
- Phytosanitary and animal health permit and certificates
- Compliance with standards and technical requirements (SENCAMER)
- Records before the competent Ministry
- tax regime
What is a tariff?
A tariff can be defined as a type of tribute or tax that must be paid for all imported goods, the most common is that which is applied to imports, while exports are less frequent, also the There are transit types that tax products that enter a country with destination to another.
At the time a ship docks at a customs port, the official in charge of customs reviews and checks the content, merchandise and products, after this, establishes and applies the tax by applying the formula of the rate stipulated for it, depending on or varying the type, quantity and origin of the item.
The merchandise cannot be nationalized, and for this reason, until the tariff is released, it is one of the easiest taxes to collect. Thus, we have that smuggling is the entry, exit and sale of a product without paying the aforementioned corresponding taxes.
How long does it take?
As a general stipulation, it could be established that the certificate of origin is obtained in the same period throughout the day of presentation.
However, it could be the case that some entities establish deadlines for the presentation and delivery of the approved certificate. On the other hand, as a precaution, an additional period must be taken into account, in case the certificate has presented errors and must be corrected. If more information is required for this purpose, you can always consult directly with the issuing entities.
What to do if you cannot present it?
If it is impossible to present the certificate of origin, the customs office of importation can make an exception and accept the issuance of the product.
However, in such a situation a non-preferential certificate of origin will be applied, which will not include any associated benefits. After the dispatch process, the person in charge of the export must carry out the process of issuing the corresponding certificate of origin and take it to the import customs, only in this case can the corresponding associated benefit of a strictly exceptional tariff nature that is more favorable be issued. to the country of origin of the merchandise.
Who issues this certificate?
This procedure is processed at the hands of the interested party, that is, the exporter, and is subsequently issued by various chambers of commerce, the cost of which is economic, mainly to the Ministry of Foreign Trade.
What is the difference between a certificate of origin and an appellation of origin?
The similarity between the terms may create confusion, however we must bear in mind that the certificate of origin allows us to identify the percentage of raw material manufactured in a certain country, which has a direct impact on the international market.
In some countries of the Asian and European continents, this certificate is required as a mandatory requirement to be able to import from Venezuela.
Let us remember that this is issued by the Ministry of Foreign Trade, where compliance with the rules of origin is also endorsed.
On the other hand, the denomination of origin is a recognition of quality which classifies a merchandise and its manufacture as unique to a specific nation, because, unlike the previous one, it takes into account the geographical conditions that guarantee its production specifically in that region.
The denomination of origin is mainly linked to cases of food or agricultural merchandise, due to its development and relationship with quality, cultural, agricultural, and/or autochthonous. Said distinctive characteristics must be original and unique, which means that the consumer will not find a similar one.
Unlike the certificate of origin, it is not a mandatory requirement, but it should be noted that it is an important indication that drives a certain merchandise to be a good competition in the market, clearly because it is unique in its classification, placing it as a good possibility in the market. international, and if you know how to take advantage of it, you can even promote an exportable offer.
Specifically, the The difference between the two is that the Denomination of Origin is optional to have greater possibilities of access to the international market, while the Certificate of Origin is mandatory to enter the marketing of certain countries and is more of a requirement than a facilitator.
Each certifying entity has a fee corresponding to the service of issuing a certificate. For this reason, the shipping value should be consulted with the entities in charge.
The permitted operations are those related to the transshipment or conservation of goods with strict customs surveillance.
- 6.3 Bs per dollar
- 11 Bs per dollar
- 49.98 Bs per Dollar*
3. Route of export
What are the benefits?
Comply with the regulations and requirements necessary for the issuance of a certificate of origin.
The certificate of origin is not strictly mandatory for all export cases, in most cases its use is limited to markets that give preferential tariff treatment to Ecuadorian merchandise.
It must be taken into account that the Certificate of Origin must be filled out with care and caution, since an error could annul it in the country of destination, and probable sanction or penalty measures.
The classification of the origin of a merchandise as originating in a country, responds to the following general rules:
- Products related to any of the mineral, vegetable and animal kingdoms in Ecuadorian territory.
- Goods made from inputs from countries that are signatories to an agreement where the goods made qualify as originating.
- Manufacturing with non-originating inputs, provided they comply with:
- Tariff Change.
- Values with Regional integration.
- Percentage of Maximum Non-Originary Inputs allowed.
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