Requirements to be president of Venezuela

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What child in his childhood has not said that he wanted to be president of his country? If that desire in you is still latent and you want to know what the Requirements to be president of Venezuela, here we have them.

Requirements to be president of Venezuela

According to the articles reflected in the constitution of number 227 and 229 of Venezuela, to be president it is necessary to meet the following requirements:

  • Being Venezuelan by birth and in no way possessing another nationality.
  • By the time of your choice, be 30 years of age.
  • Not be in the condition of convicted by final sentence.
  • Not hold any political position at the time of their election.
  • Not hold any type of religious position, be of secular status.

How to be president of Venezuela

If you, as a Venezuelan citizen, meet the conditions established in the Constitution of the Republic, you will only register your application with the governing body for elections in Venezuela, which is the CNE. (National Electoral Council)as a representative of a party or independently.

Political party

As a representative of a political party, said party will have to be registered and will have to be accepted by the conditions of the CNE and from that point you can be a candidate representing the party you belong to.

These are the political parties of Venezuela that are currently in force:

Political partyAcronymPositionIdeologyFoundationCoalitionyouth organizationinternational affiliation
Democratic ActionADC.enter Center-leftNationalism​​Social Democracy​​

third way

September 13, 1941Democratic Unity TableYouth Democratic ActionPermanent Conference of Political Parties of Latin America Socialist International
Bravo Town AllianceABPcenter leftsocial democracy2000Democratic Unity TableNone
Alliance for ChangeAPCcenter leftSocial DemocracySocialismAugust 1, 2013Simón Bolívar Great Patriotic Pole
Advanced ProgressivePAcenter leftProgressivismFederalism

Latin Americanism

Non interventionism

June 27, 2012Concertation for Change
Red flagBRfar leftMarxism-LeninismAnti-revisionism

socialist patriotism

January 20, 1970NoneUnion of Revolutionary Youth
Independent Electoral Political Organization CommitteeCOPEICenter rightChristian DemocracySocialChristianity

christian humanism



January 13, 1946NoneCentral Democratic International Christian Democratic Organization of America
ConvergenceCenter rightSocial conservatism Christian democracy

Social Market Economy

christian humanism

1993Democratic Unity Table
Venezuelan Revolutionary CurrentsCRVLeftCommunismGuevarism



popular nationalism

2000Simón Bolívar Great Patriotic Pole
Clear AccountsDCCenterProgressivism2008Democratic Unity Table
Citizen ForceCitizen Force|FCCentersocial democracy2003Democratic Unity Table
liberal forceFLCenter rightliberal conservatism economic liberalism2003Democratic Unity TableNone
Emerging PeopleGEcenter leftUnknownJune 22, 1991Democratic Unity Table
Independent by the National CommunityIPCNLeftLeft-wing nationalism Bolivarianism


nineteen ninety fiveSimón Bolívar Great Patriotic Pole
United LeftUILeftSocialism2002Simón Bolívar Great Patriotic Pole
The Root CauseThe ЯLCR CauseCentersocioliberalism1971Democratic Unity Table
Socialist TideMSLeftChavismoSocialism

21st century socialism


2007Noneleft portal
movement to socialismPLUScenter leftDemocratic socialismMarket socialism

social democracy


January 19, 1971Grand National Alternative AllianceYouth of the Movement to SocialismLatin American Socialist Coordination Permanent Conference of Political Parties of Latin America

Socialist International

Opening movementOpeningcenter leftUnknownMarch 20, 1997None
National Integrity-Unity MovementMIN-UnitRightUnknownJuly 16, 1977Grand National Alternative Alliance
Ecological Movement of VenezuelaMOVEVUnknownEcologismGreen policies2005Grand National Alternative AllianceFederation of Green Parties of the Americas
People’s Electoral MovementMEPLeftSocialismPopular nationalism

national liberation

December 10, 1967Simón Bolívar Great Patriotic PolePermanent Conference of Political Parties of Latin America Latin American Socialist Coordinationa
Independent Movement We All WinMY CATUnknownUnknown1997None
labor movementMLCenterSyndicalism2002None
People’s MovementPMRightchristian democracyMay 11, 2005NoneNone
Progressive Movement of VenezuelaMPVcenter leftDemocratic Socialism Progressivism

Latin Americanism

June 25, 2012Democratic Unity TableProgressive Youth of Venezuela
republican movementMRCenterRepublicanism1997None
We Are Venezuela MovementMSVLeftSocialismAnti-imperialism


left-wing nationalism

Tree of the Three Roots

January 29, 2018Simón Bolívar Great Patriotic Pole
Responsible, Entrepreneurial and Sustainable Venezuela MovementMovecenter leftsocial democracy environmentalism


2012Democratic Unity TableNone
National OpinionOPINIONCenterUnknown1962Grand National Alternative Alliance
Authentic Renewal OrganizationPRAYCenterSocialChristianityEvangelicalism




1988Simón Bolívar Great Patriotic Pole
Communist Party of VenezuelaCVPLeftMarxism-LeninismMarch 5, 1931Simón Bolívar Great Patriotic PoleCommunist Youth of VenezuelaInternational Meeting of Communist and Workers’ Parties São Forum Paul
Socialism and Freedom PartyPSLLeftSocialismMarxism



April 26, 2008Left Opposition in FightInternational Workers Unity – Fourth International
Organized Socialist Party in VenezuelaPSOEVLeftFeministBolivarian




2006Simón Bolívar Great Patriotic Pole
United Socialist Party of VenezuelaSUVLeftScientific socialism Socialism of the 21st century




March 14, 2008Simón Bolívar Great Patriotic PoleYouth of the United Socialist Party of VenezuelaPermanent Conference of Political Parties of Latin America Bolivarian Congress of the Peoples

Sao Paulo forum

homeland for allPPTheterodox leftLibertarian Marxism Left Communism

democratic socialism

self management





political pluralism

September 27, 1997Simón Bolívar Great Patriotic PoleYouth for the HomelandSao Paulo forum
Think DemocracySTONEcenter leftNationalism SocialismAugust 7, 2008Simón Bolívar Great Patriotic Pole
For Social DemocracyCancenter leftsocialism social democracy

social democracy

2002Simón Bolívar Great Patriotic PolePermanent Conference of Political Parties of Latin America
justice firstP.J.Center Center right​ ​Center left (some sectors)Humanism Progressivism2000Democratic Unity Table
Venezuela projectPRVZLCenter rightSocial Christianity Christian Democracy

social conservatism

1998Democratic Unity TableInternational Democratic UnionUnion of Latin American Parties
Ssolidaritycenter leftUnknown2001Democratic Unity Table
Independent SolidarityYESUnknownChristian HumanismOctober 31, 1996Grand National Alternative Alliance
Unified Tendencies to Achieve the Movement of Organized Revolutionary ActionTUPAMAROfar leftAnti-capitalism Anti-imperialism


revolutionary socialism

1979Simón Bolívar Great Patriotic Pole
a new timeUNTcenter leftsocial democracy reformism

democratic socialism


third way

1999Democratic Unity TableSocialist International
one peopleuspCenterUnknownJuly 26, 2002None
Venezuelan Popular UnityUPVLeftMarxism Communism




February 6, 2004Simón Bolívar Great Patriotic Pole
Vision Unit VenezuelaUVVUnknownmodern liberalism2012Democratic Unity Table
United for VenezuelaUNPARVEUnknownUnknownSeptember 12, 2008Democratic Unity Table
Democratic Republican UnionURDCenterreformism nationalism



December 18, 1945NoneOrganization of Liberal Parties
Republican Bicentennial VanguardVBRrevolutionary leftBolivarianism Democratic Socialism



Latin Americanism


October 27, 2011Simón Bolívar Great Patriotic PoleRepublican Bicentennial Vanguard Youth
Sell ​​VenezuelaVVCenter rightClassical liberalism Libertarianism Social market economyMay 24, 2012NoneCome Young
Popular willVPcenter leftProgressivism Social Democracy

social liberalism


political pluralism

December 5, 2009Democratic Unity TableYouth ProSocialist International

Swearing in of the President

After being elected, the president must assume his functions by taking the oath of Law on the Constitution before the plenary session of the National Assembly on January 10 of the first year of the Constitutional period, 5 days after the installation of Parliament for the ordinary legislative period. .

If for reasons of force majeure the president-elect cannot be sworn in before the National Assembly, he must do so in the Supreme Court of Justice.

Functions of the President of the Republic

The obligations and powers of the President of Venezuela are established, limited and enumerated by article 236 and 237 of the Constitution of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela:

  1. Decree additional credits to the expense budget with the prior authorization of the National Assembly or the Delegate Commission.
  2. Legislate the state of exception and suspension of guarantees.
  3. elect, with confirmation of the National Assembly, the Attorney General of the Republic.
  4. Develop international treaties and protect foreign relations.
  5. Call the National Assembly to relevant extraordinary sessions.
  6. Dilute the Assembly only in the cases provided for and established by law.
  7. Subject to prior authorization laws combined with the force of law.
  8. The management of the National Public Treasury.
  9. Grant pardons that are in accordance with the law.
  10. Obey and have this law fully abided by.
  11. Lead and manage government actions.
  12. Assign and change at your disposal the vice president and body of ministers.
  13. Appoint diplomatic agents, ministers and general consuls, always with the prior approval of the Assembly.
  14. From the rank of colonel or ship captain, promote officers.
  15. Referring to his position as Commander in Chief, dictate the actions of the National Armed Forces.
  16. Regarding the National Defense Council, he must preside over it and may convene it.
  17. Partially establish and without altering its spirit, purpose and reason the laws to be complied with.
  18. Officialize the contracts as established by law.
  19. Negotiate national loans.
  20. Propose and present the National Development Plan subject to the approval of the National Assembly.
  21. Call referendums in the cases provided by law.
  22. Appoint and remove those officials whose powers are granted by law.
  23. Among other powers attributed by the constitution.

Presidents of Venezuela

In recent times, the Venezuelan presidency has gone through very turbulent times, due to many calls for irregularities in the elections and its political activities.

  • Choice where I know he chose in a Direct, Free, Secret and Universal way for the first time to the president: Rómulo Gallegos (Election of December 14, 1947).
  • The last dictator of Venezuela: Marcos Pérez Jiménez, in the years 1952 to 1958.
  • President-elect who died during his presidential term: Francisco Linares Alcántara (November 30, 1878).
  • President who was elected in the first direct elections: Manuel Felipe Tovar.
  • The youngest president elected in Venezuela: Hugo Chavez with 44 years.
  • Election of the oldest President: Rafael Caldera with 77 years.
  • The winning president with the highest percentage of votes in favor: Rómulo Gallegos with 74.47% of the votes (Election of 1947).
  • President Elect with the highest stake of the total number of voters: Election of December 1, 1968 with a 96.73% participation.
  • An Election with the Least Voter Turnout: Election of May 20, 2018 with a 46.04% participation, with Nicolas Maduro Moros being the winner.
  • Succession of the Presidential Power of Manera democratic Between Opposing Parties: For the date ofOn March 11, 1969, Raúl Leoni hands over the presidential sash to Rafael Caldera, being the first time in a democratic and civic manner there has been a succession in presidential power between opposing parties.
  • First civilian citizen who was President: Andres Narvarte.
  • Indirectly, the first civil president of Venezuela is elected, who was: Dr. Jose Maria Vargas.
  • President elected by the First Congress and first president of Venezuela: Christopher Mendoza.
  • President elected indirectly for the first time: Simon Bolivar (1813-1814).
  • President with the Greatest Number of Constitutional Terms Exercised: Antonio Guzmán Blanco (1873 – 1877), (1879 – 1880), (1880 – 1882), (1882 – 1884) and (1886 – 1887).
  • President with permanence in power plus long: Juan Vicente Gómez, 27 years old (1908 – 1935).
  • Presidents with permanence in power plus short have been:
    a) Diosdado Cabello, Restoration of the Constitutional Order (April 13, 2002 – April 14, 2002).
    b) Pedro Carmona Estanga, Coup d’état from April 12 to 13, 2002.

Articles of the Constitution

The powers and obligations attributed to the President of Venezuela are established, numbered and limited by article 236 and article 237 of the Constitution of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela of 1999 (the most recent).

In order to understand politics and the political processes of the country, it is necessary to be sufficiently nourished by each aspect of the constitution that can influence what you want to achieve, the Requirements to be president of Venezuelaare one of the most important for people who want to apply.

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