What child in his childhood has not said that he wanted to be president of his country? If that desire in you is still latent and you want to know what the Requirements to be president of Venezuela, here we have them.
Requirements to be president of Venezuela
According to the articles reflected in the constitution of number 227 and 229 of Venezuela, to be president it is necessary to meet the following requirements:
- Being Venezuelan by birth and in no way possessing another nationality.
- By the time of your choice, be 30 years of age.
- Not be in the condition of convicted by final sentence.
- Not hold any political position at the time of their election.
- Not hold any type of religious position, be of secular status.
How to be president of Venezuela
If you, as a Venezuelan citizen, meet the conditions established in the Constitution of the Republic, you will only register your application with the governing body for elections in Venezuela, which is the CNE. (National Electoral Council)as a representative of a party or independently.
As a representative of a political party, said party will have to be registered and will have to be accepted by the conditions of the CNE and from that point you can be a candidate representing the party you belong to.
These are the political parties of Venezuela that are currently in force:
|Political party||Acronym||Position||Ideology||Foundation||Coalition||youth organization||international affiliation|
|Democratic Action||AD||C.enter Center-left||NationalismSocial Democracy|
|September 13, 1941||Democratic Unity Table||Youth Democratic Action||Permanent Conference of Political Parties of Latin America Socialist International|
|Bravo Town Alliance||ABP||center left||social democracy||2000||Democratic Unity Table||None|
|Alliance for Change||APC||center left||Social DemocracySocialism||August 1, 2013||Simón Bolívar Great Patriotic Pole|
|Advanced Progressive||PA||center left||ProgressivismFederalism|
|June 27, 2012||Concertation for Change|
|Red flag||BR||far left||Marxism-LeninismAnti-revisionism|
|January 20, 1970||None||Union of Revolutionary Youth|
|Independent Electoral Political Organization Committee||COPEI||Center right||Christian DemocracySocialChristianity|
|January 13, 1946||None||Central Democratic International Christian Democratic Organization of America|
|Convergence||Center right||Social conservatism Christian democracy|
Social Market Economy
|1993||Democratic Unity Table|
|Venezuelan Revolutionary Currents||CRV||Left||CommunismGuevarism|
|2000||Simón Bolívar Great Patriotic Pole|
|Clear Accounts||DC||Center||Progressivism||2008||Democratic Unity Table|
|Citizen Force||Citizen Force|FC||Center||social democracy||2003||Democratic Unity Table|
|liberal force||FL||Center right||liberal conservatism economic liberalism||2003||Democratic Unity Table||None|
|Emerging People||GE||center left||Unknown||June 22, 1991||Democratic Unity Table|
|Independent by the National Community||IPCN||Left||Left-wing nationalism Bolivarianism|
|nineteen ninety five||Simón Bolívar Great Patriotic Pole|
|United Left||UI||Left||Socialism||2002||Simón Bolívar Great Patriotic Pole|
|The Root Cause||The ЯLCR Cause||Center||socioliberalism||1971||Democratic Unity Table|
21st century socialism
|movement to socialism||PLUS||center left||Democratic socialismMarket socialism|
|January 19, 1971||Grand National Alternative Alliance||Youth of the Movement to Socialism||Latin American Socialist Coordination Permanent Conference of Political Parties of Latin America|
|Opening movement||Opening||center left||Unknown||March 20, 1997||None|
|National Integrity-Unity Movement||MIN-Unit||Right||Unknown||July 16, 1977||Grand National Alternative Alliance|
|Ecological Movement of Venezuela||MOVEV||Unknown||EcologismGreen policies||2005||Grand National Alternative Alliance||Federation of Green Parties of the Americas|
|People’s Electoral Movement||MEP||Left||SocialismPopular nationalism|
|December 10, 1967||Simón Bolívar Great Patriotic Pole||Permanent Conference of Political Parties of Latin America Latin American Socialist Coordinationa|
|Independent Movement We All Win||MY CAT||Unknown||Unknown||1997||None|
|People’s Movement||PM||Right||christian democracy||May 11, 2005||None||None|
|Progressive Movement of Venezuela||MPV||center left||Democratic Socialism Progressivism|
|June 25, 2012||Democratic Unity Table||Progressive Youth of Venezuela|
|We Are Venezuela Movement||MSV||Left||SocialismAnti-imperialism|
Tree of the Three Roots
|January 29, 2018||Simón Bolívar Great Patriotic Pole|
|Responsible, Entrepreneurial and Sustainable Venezuela Movement||Move||center left||social democracy environmentalism|
|2012||Democratic Unity Table||None|
|National Opinion||OPINION||Center||Unknown||1962||Grand National Alternative Alliance|
|Authentic Renewal Organization||PRAY||Center||SocialChristianityEvangelicalism|
|1988||Simón Bolívar Great Patriotic Pole|
|Communist Party of Venezuela||CVP||Left||Marxism-Leninism||March 5, 1931||Simón Bolívar Great Patriotic Pole||Communist Youth of Venezuela||International Meeting of Communist and Workers’ Parties São Forum Paul|
|Socialism and Freedom Party||PSL||Left||SocialismMarxism|
|April 26, 2008||Left Opposition in Fight||International Workers Unity – Fourth International|
|Organized Socialist Party in Venezuela||PSOEV||Left||FeministBolivarian|
|2006||Simón Bolívar Great Patriotic Pole|
|United Socialist Party of Venezuela||SUV||Left||Scientific socialism Socialism of the 21st century|
|March 14, 2008||Simón Bolívar Great Patriotic Pole||Youth of the United Socialist Party of Venezuela||Permanent Conference of Political Parties of Latin America Bolivarian Congress of the Peoples|
Sao Paulo forum
|homeland for all||PPT||heterodox left||Libertarian Marxism Left Communism|
|September 27, 1997||Simón Bolívar Great Patriotic Pole||Youth for the Homeland||Sao Paulo forum|
|Think Democracy||STONE||center left||Nationalism Socialism||August 7, 2008||Simón Bolívar Great Patriotic Pole|
|For Social Democracy||Can||center left||socialism social democracy|
|2002||Simón Bolívar Great Patriotic Pole||Permanent Conference of Political Parties of Latin America|
|justice first||P.J.||Center Center right Center left (some sectors)||Humanism Progressivism||2000||Democratic Unity Table|
|Venezuela project||PRVZL||Center right||Social Christianity Christian Democracy|
|1998||Democratic Unity Table||International Democratic UnionUnion of Latin American Parties|
|Ssolidarity||center left||Unknown||2001||Democratic Unity Table|
|Independent Solidarity||YES||Unknown||Christian Humanism||October 31, 1996||Grand National Alternative Alliance|
|Unified Tendencies to Achieve the Movement of Organized Revolutionary Action||TUPAMARO||far left||Anti-capitalism Anti-imperialism|
|1979||Simón Bolívar Great Patriotic Pole|
|a new time||UNT||center left||social democracy reformism|
|1999||Democratic Unity Table||Socialist International|
|one people||usp||Center||Unknown||July 26, 2002||None|
|Venezuelan Popular Unity||UPV||Left||Marxism Communism|
|February 6, 2004||Simón Bolívar Great Patriotic Pole|
|Vision Unit Venezuela||UVV||Unknown||modern liberalism||2012||Democratic Unity Table|
|United for Venezuela||UNPARVE||Unknown||Unknown||September 12, 2008||Democratic Unity Table|
|Democratic Republican Union||URD||Center||reformism nationalism|
|December 18, 1945||None||Organization of Liberal Parties|
|Republican Bicentennial Vanguard||VBR||revolutionary left||Bolivarianism Democratic Socialism|
|October 27, 2011||Simón Bolívar Great Patriotic Pole||Republican Bicentennial Vanguard Youth|
|Sell Venezuela||VV||Center right||Classical liberalism Libertarianism Social market economy||May 24, 2012||None||Come Young|
|Popular will||VP||center left||Progressivism Social Democracy|
|December 5, 2009||Democratic Unity Table||Youth Pro||Socialist International|
Swearing in of the President
After being elected, the president must assume his functions by taking the oath of Law on the Constitution before the plenary session of the National Assembly on January 10 of the first year of the Constitutional period, 5 days after the installation of Parliament for the ordinary legislative period. .
If for reasons of force majeure the president-elect cannot be sworn in before the National Assembly, he must do so in the Supreme Court of Justice.
Functions of the President of the Republic
The obligations and powers of the President of Venezuela are established, limited and enumerated by article 236 and 237 of the Constitution of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela:
- Decree additional credits to the expense budget with the prior authorization of the National Assembly or the Delegate Commission.
- Legislate the state of exception and suspension of guarantees.
- elect, with confirmation of the National Assembly, the Attorney General of the Republic.
- Develop international treaties and protect foreign relations.
- Call the National Assembly to relevant extraordinary sessions.
- Dilute the Assembly only in the cases provided for and established by law.
- Subject to prior authorization laws combined with the force of law.
- The management of the National Public Treasury.
- Grant pardons that are in accordance with the law.
- Obey and have this law fully abided by.
- Lead and manage government actions.
- Assign and change at your disposal the vice president and body of ministers.
- Appoint diplomatic agents, ministers and general consuls, always with the prior approval of the Assembly.
- From the rank of colonel or ship captain, promote officers.
- Referring to his position as Commander in Chief, dictate the actions of the National Armed Forces.
- Regarding the National Defense Council, he must preside over it and may convene it.
- Partially establish and without altering its spirit, purpose and reason the laws to be complied with.
- Officialize the contracts as established by law.
- Negotiate national loans.
- Propose and present the National Development Plan subject to the approval of the National Assembly.
- Call referendums in the cases provided by law.
- Appoint and remove those officials whose powers are granted by law.
- Among other powers attributed by the constitution.
Presidents of Venezuela
In recent times, the Venezuelan presidency has gone through very turbulent times, due to many calls for irregularities in the elections and its political activities.
- Choice where I know he chose in a Direct, Free, Secret and Universal way for the first time to the president: Rómulo Gallegos (Election of December 14, 1947).
- The last dictator of Venezuela: Marcos Pérez Jiménez, in the years 1952 to 1958.
- President-elect who died during his presidential term: Francisco Linares Alcántara (November 30, 1878).
- President who was elected in the first direct elections: Manuel Felipe Tovar.
- The youngest president elected in Venezuela: Hugo Chavez with 44 years.
- Election of the oldest President: Rafael Caldera with 77 years.
- The winning president with the highest percentage of votes in favor: Rómulo Gallegos with 74.47% of the votes (Election of 1947).
- President Elect with the highest stake of the total number of voters: Election of December 1, 1968 with a 96.73% participation.
- An Election with the Least Voter Turnout: Election of May 20, 2018 with a 46.04% participation, with Nicolas Maduro Moros being the winner.
- Succession of the Presidential Power of Manera democratic Between Opposing Parties: For the date ofOn March 11, 1969, Raúl Leoni hands over the presidential sash to Rafael Caldera, being the first time in a democratic and civic manner there has been a succession in presidential power between opposing parties.
- First civilian citizen who was President: Andres Narvarte.
- Indirectly, the first civil president of Venezuela is elected, who was: Dr. Jose Maria Vargas.
- President elected by the First Congress and first president of Venezuela: Christopher Mendoza.
- President elected indirectly for the first time: Simon Bolivar (1813-1814).
- President with the Greatest Number of Constitutional Terms Exercised: Antonio Guzmán Blanco (1873 – 1877), (1879 – 1880), (1880 – 1882), (1882 – 1884) and (1886 – 1887).
- President with permanence in power plus long: Juan Vicente Gómez, 27 years old (1908 – 1935).
- Presidents with permanence in power plus short have been:
a) Diosdado Cabello, Restoration of the Constitutional Order (April 13, 2002 – April 14, 2002).
b) Pedro Carmona Estanga, Coup d’état from April 12 to 13, 2002.
Articles of the Constitution
The powers and obligations attributed to the President of Venezuela are established, numbered and limited by article 236 and article 237 of the Constitution of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela of 1999 (the most recent).
In order to understand politics and the political processes of the country, it is necessary to be sufficiently nourished by each aspect of the constitution that can influence what you want to achieve, the Requirements to be president of Venezuelaare one of the most important for people who want to apply.
Related articles that may interest you